Ind. Code § 32-33-4-3 : Indiana Code - Section 32-33-4-3: Lien for reasonable and necessary charges upon any claims accruing to patient; scope of lien; allowance to patient

(a) A person, a firm, a partnership, an association, a limited liability company, or a corporation maintaining a hospital in Indiana or a hospital owned, maintained, or operated by the state or a political subdivision has a lien for all reasonable and necessary charges for hospital care, treatment, and maintenance of a patient (including emergency ambulance services provided by the hospital) upon any cause of action, suit, or claim accruing to the patient, or in the case of the patient's death, the patient's legal representative, because of the illness or injuries that:
(1) gave rise to the cause of action, suit, or claim; and
(2) necessitated the hospital care, treatment, and maintenance.
(b) The lien provided for in subsection (a):
(1) except as provided in subsection (c), applies to any amount obtained or recovered by the patient by settlement or compromise rendered or entered into by the patient or by the

patient's legal representative;
(2) is subject and subordinate to any attorney's lien upon the claim or cause of action;
(3) is not applicable to accidents or injuries within the purview of:
(A) IC 22-3;
(B) 5 U.S.C. 8101 et seq.; or
(C) 45 U.S.C. 51 et seq.;
(4) is not assignable; and
(5) must first be reduced by the amount of any medical insurance proceeds paid to the hospital on behalf of the patient after the hospital has made all reasonable efforts to pursue the insurance claims in cooperation with the patient.
(c) If a settlement or compromise that is subject to subsection (b)(1) is for an amount that would permit the patient to receive less than twenty percent (20%) of the full amount of the settlement or compromise if all the liens created under this chapter were paid in full, the liens must be reduced on a pro rata basis to the extent that will permit the patient to receive twenty percent (20%) of the full amount.
As added by P.L.2-2002, SEC.18.