N.Y. PEN. LAW § 265.00 : NY Code - Section 265.00: Definitions

Search N.Y. PEN. LAW § 265.00 : NY Code - Section 265.00: Definitions

As  used  in  this  article and in article four hundred, the following
  terms shall mean and include:
    1. "Machine-gun" means a weapon of any  description,  irrespective  of
  size, by whatever name known, loaded or unloaded, from which a number of
  shots  or  bullets  may  be  rapidly  or automatically discharged from a
  magazine with  one  continuous  pull  of  the  trigger  and  includes  a
  sub-machine gun.
    2.  "Firearm  silencer"  means  any  instrument, attachment, weapon or
  appliance for causing the firing of any gun, revolver, pistol  or  other
  firearms  to be silent, or intended to lessen or muffle the noise of the
  firing of any gun, revolver, pistol or other firearms.
    3. "Firearm" means (a) any pistol or revolver; or (b) a shotgun having
  one or more barrels less than eighteen inches in length; or (c) a  rifle
  having  one  or  more barrels less than sixteen inches in length; or (d)
  any  weapon  made  from  a  shotgun  or  rifle  whether  by  alteration,
  modification,  or  otherwise  if  such  weapon  as altered, modified, or
  otherwise has an overall length of less than twenty-six inches;  or  (e)
  an assault weapon. For the purpose of this subdivision the length of the
  barrel  on  a  shotgun  or  rifle  shall  be determined by measuring the
  distance between the muzzle  and  the  face  of  the  bolt,  breech,  or
  breechlock  when  closed  and  when  the shotgun or rifle is cocked; the
  overall length of a weapon made from a shotgun or rifle is the  distance
  between the extreme ends of the weapon measured along a line parallel to
  the  center  line  of  the  bore.  Firearm  does  not include an antique
  firearm.
    4. "Switchblade knife" means any knife which has a blade  which  opens
  automatically  by  hand  pressure  applied  to a button, spring or other
  device in the handle of the knife.
    5. "Gravity knife" means any knife which has a blade which is released
  from the handle or sheath  thereof  by  the  force  of  gravity  or  the
  application  of  centrifugal  force  which,  when released, is locked in
  place by means of a button, spring, lever or other device.
    5-a. "Pilum ballistic knife" means any knife which has a  blade  which
  can  be  projected from the handle by hand pressure applied to a button,
  lever, spring or other device in the handle of the knife.
    5-b. "Metal knuckle knife" means a weapon that,  when  closed,  cannot
  function  as a set of plastic knuckles or metal knuckles, nor as a knife
  and when open, can function as both a set of plastic knuckles  or  metal
  knuckles as well as a knife.
    5-c.  "Automatic  knife"  includes  a stiletto, a switchblade knife, a
  gravity knife, a cane sword,  a  pilum  ballistic  knife,  and  a  metal
  knuckle knife.
    6. "Dispose of" means to dispose of, give, give away, lease-loan, keep
  for  sale,  offer,  offer for sale, sell, transfer and otherwise dispose
  of.
    7. "Deface" means to remove,  deface,  cover,  alter  or  destroy  the
  manufacturer's  serial  number  or  any  other  distinguishing number or
  identification mark.
    8. "Gunsmith" means any  person,  firm,  partnership,  corporation  or
  company  who engages in the business of repairing, altering, assembling,
  manufacturing,  cleaning,  polishing,  engraving  or  trueing,  or   who
  performs  any  mechanical  operation  on,  any  firearm,  large capacity
  ammunition feeding device or machine-gun.
    9.  "Dealer  in  firearms"  means  any  person,   firm,   partnership,
  corporation  or  company  who  engages  in  the  business of purchasing,
  selling, keeping for sale, loaning, leasing, or in any manner  disposing

  of, any assault weapon, large capacity ammunition feeding device, pistol
  or revolver.
    10.  "Licensing  officer"  means  in  the  city of New York the police
  commissioner of that city; in the county of Nassau the  commissioner  of
  police  of  that  county;  in  the county of Suffolk the sheriff of that
  county except in the towns of Babylon, Brookhaven, Huntington, Islip and
  Smithtown, the commissioner of police of that county; for  the  purposes
  of  section  400.01  of this chapter the superintendent of state police;
  and elsewhere in the state a judge or  justice  of  a  court  of  record
  having his office in the county of issuance.
    11. "Rifle" means a weapon designed or redesigned, made or remade, and
  intended  to  be  fired from the shoulder and designed or redesigned and
  made or remade to use the energy of the explosive in  a  fixed  metallic
  cartridge  to  fire  only  a single projectile through a rifled bore for
  each single pull of the trigger.
    12. "Shotgun" means a weapon designed or redesigned, made  or  remade,
  and  intended  to  be fired from the shoulder and designed or redesigned
  and made or remade to use the energy of the explosive in a fixed shotgun
  shell to fire through a smooth bore either a number of ball  shot  or  a
  single projectile for each single pull of the trigger.
    13. "Cane Sword" means a cane or swagger stick having concealed within
  it a blade that may be used as a sword or stilletto.
    * 14. "Antique firearm" means:
    Any  unloaded  muzzle  loading  pistol  or  revolver with a matchlock,
  flintlock, percussion cap, or similar type  of  ignition  system,  or  a
  pistol  or  revolver  which  uses  fixed  cartridges which are no longer
  available in the ordinary channels of commercial trade.
    * NB There are 2 sb 14's
    * 14. "Chuka stick" means any device designed primarily as  a  weapon,
  consisting of two or more lengths of a rigid material joined together by
  a  thong,  rope or chain in such a manner as to allow free movement of a
  portion of the device while held  in  the  hand  and  capable  of  being
  rotated  in  such a manner as to inflict serious injury upon a person by
  striking or choking. These devices  are  also  known  as  nunchakus  and
  centrifugal force sticks.
    * NB There are 2 sb 14's
    15.  "Loaded  firearm" means any firearm loaded with ammunition or any
  firearm which is possessed by one who, at the  same  time,  possesses  a
  quantity of ammunition which may be used to discharge such firearm.
    15-a.  "Electronic  dart gun" means any device designed primarily as a
  weapon, the purpose of which  is  to  momentarily  stun,  knock  out  or
  paralyze a person by passing an electrical shock to such person by means
  of a dart or projectile.
    15-b. "Kung Fu star" means a disc-like object with sharpened points on
  the  circumference thereof and is designed for use primarily as a weapon
  to be thrown.
    15-c. "Electronic stun gun" means any device designed primarily  as  a
  weapon,  the  purpose  of which is to stun, cause mental disorientation,
  knock out or paralyze a person by  passing  a  high  voltage  electrical
  shock to such person.
    16.  "Certified not suitable to possess a self-defense spray device, a
  rifle or shotgun" means that the director or physician in charge of  any
  hospital  or  institution  for  mental  illness,  public or private, has
  certified to the superintendent of state  police  or  to  any  organized
  police department of a county, city, town or village of this state, that
  a  person  who  has  been judicially adjudicated incompetent, or who has
  been confined  to  such  institution  for  mental  illness  pursuant  to
  judicial  authority,  is  not  suitable  to possess a self-defense spray

  device, as defined in section 265.20 of this  article,  or  a  rifle  or
  shotgun.
    17.  "Serious offense" means (a) any of the following offenses defined
  in the former penal law as in force  and  effect  immediately  prior  to
  September first, nineteen hundred sixty-seven: illegally using, carrying
  or  possessing  a pistol or other dangerous weapon; making or possessing
  burglar's instruments; buying or  receiving  stolen  property;  unlawful
  entry  of a building; aiding escape from prison; that kind of disorderly
  conduct defined in subdivisions six and eight of section  seven  hundred
  twenty-two of such former penal law; violations of sections four hundred
  eighty-three,  four  hundred  eighty-three-b, four hundred eighty-four-h
  and article one hundred six of such  former  penal  law;  that  kind  of
  criminal  sexual  act  or  rape  which  was designated as a misdemeanor;
  violation of  section  seventeen  hundred  forty-seven-d  and  seventeen
  hundred  forty-seven-e  of  such  former penal law; any violation of any
  provision of article thirty-three of the public health law  relating  to
  narcotic  drugs  which was defined as a misdemeanor by section seventeen
  hundred fifty-one-a of such former penal law, and any violation  of  any
  provision of article thirty-three-A of the public health law relating to
  depressant  and  stimulant  drugs  which was defined as a misdemeanor by
  section seventeen hundred forty-seven-b of such former penal law.
    * (b) any  of  the  following  offenses  defined  in  the  penal  law:
  illegally  using,  carrying  or  possessing  a pistol or other dangerous
  weapon; possession of burglar's tools;  criminal  possession  of  stolen
  property  in  the  third  degree;  escape in the third degree; jostling;
  fraudulent accosting; that kind  of  loitering  defined  in  subdivision
  three  of  section  240.35;  endangering  the  welfare  of  a child; the
  offenses defined in article two hundred thirty-five; issuing  abortional
  articles;  permitting  prostitution; promoting prostitution in the third
  degree; stalking in the fourth degree; stalking in the third degree; the
  offenses defined in article one hundred thirty; the offenses defined  in
  article two hundred twenty.
    * NB There are 2 par. b's
    * (b)  any  of  the  following  offenses  defined  in  the  penal law:
  illegally using, carrying or possessing  a  pistol  or  other  dangerous
  weapon;  possession  of  burglar's  tools; criminal possession of stolen
  property in the third degree; escape  in  the  third  degree;  jostling;
  fraudulent  accosting;  that  kind  of  loitering defined in subdivision
  three of section  240.35;  endangering  the  welfare  of  a  child;  the
  offenses  defined in article two hundred thirty-five; issuing abortional
  articles; permitting prostitution; promoting prostitution in  the  third
  degree; stalking in the third degree; stalking in the fourth degree; the
  offenses  defined in article one hundred thirty; the offenses defined in
  article two hundred twenty.
    * NB There are 2 par. b's
    18. "Armor piercing ammunition" means any ammunition capable of  being
  used in pistols or revolvers containing a projectile or projectile core,
  or  a  projectile or projectile core for use in such ammunition, that is
  constructed  entirely  (excluding  the  presence  of  traces  of   other
  substances)  from one or a combination of any of the following: tungsten
  alloys, steel, iron, brass, bronze, beryllium copper, or uranium.
    19. "Duly authorized instructor" means (a) a duly commissioned officer
  of the United States army, navy, marine corps or coast guard, or of  the
  national  guard  of the state of New York; or (b) a duly qualified adult
  citizen of the United States who has been granted a  certificate  as  an
  instructor in small arms practice issued by the United States army, navy
  or  marine  corps,  or  by the adjutant general of this state, or by the
  national rifle association of America, a not-for-profit corporation duly

  organized under the laws  of  this  state;  or  (c)  by  a  person  duly
  qualified and designated by the department of environmental conservation
  under  paragraph  d  of  subdivision  six  of  section  11-0713  of  the
  environmental conservation law as its agent in the giving of instruction
  and the making of certifications of qualification in responsible hunting
  practices.
    20.  "Disguised  gun"  means  any  weapon  or  device capable of being
  concealed on the person from which a shot can be discharged through  the
  energy  of  an  explosive  and  is designed and intended to appear to be
  something other than a gun.
    21. "Semiautomatic" means any  repeating  rifle,  shotgun  or  pistol,
  regardless  of barrel or overall length, which utilizes a portion of the
  energy of a firing cartridge or shell to  extract  the  fired  cartridge
  case  or  spent  shell  and chamber the next round, and which requires a
  separate pull of the trigger to fire each cartridge or shell.
    22. "Assault weapon" means (a)  a  semiautomatic  rifle  that  has  an
  ability  to  accept  a  detachable  magazine and has at least two of the
  following characteristics:
    (i) a folding or telescoping stock;
    (ii) a pistol grip that protrudes conspicuously beneath the action  of
  the weapon;
    (iii) a bayonet mount;
    (iv)  a  flash suppressor or threaded barrel designed to accommodate a
  flash suppressor;
    (v) a grenade launcher; or
    (b) a semiautomatic shotgun that has at least  two  of  the  following
  characteristics:
    (i) a folding or telescoping stock;
    (ii)  a pistol grip that protrudes conspicuously beneath the action of
  the weapon;
    (iii) a fixed magazine capacity in excess of five rounds;
    (iv) an ability to accept a detachable magazine; or
    (c) a semiautomatic pistol that has an ability to accept a  detachable
  magazine and has at least two of the following characteristics:
    (i)  an ammunition magazine that attaches to the pistol outside of the
  pistol grip;
    (ii) a threaded barrel capable of accepting a barrel  extender,  flash
  suppressor, forward handgrip, or silencer;
    (iii)  a  shroud  that  is  attached  to,  or  partially or completely
  encircles, the barrel and that permits the shooter to hold  the  firearm
  with the nontrigger hand without being burned;
    (iv)  a manufactured weight of fifty ounces or more when the pistol is
  unloaded;
    (v) a semiautomatic version of an automatic rifle, shotgun or firearm;
  or
    (d) any of the weapons, or functioning frames  or  receivers  of  such
  weapons,  or copies or duplicates of such weapons, in any caliber, known
  as:
    (i) Norinco, Mitchell, and Poly Technologies Avtomat Kalashnikovs (all
  models);
    (ii) Action Arms Israeli Military Industries UZI and Galil;
    (iii) Beretta Ar70 (SC-70);
    (iv) Colt AR-15;
    (v) Fabrique National FN/FAL, FN/LAR, and FNC;
    (vi) SWD M-10, M-11, M-11/9, and M-12;
    (vii) Steyr AUG;
    (viii) INTRATEC TEC-9, TEC-DC9 and TEC-22; and

    (ix) revolving cylinder shotguns, such as (or similar to)  the  Street
  Sweeper and Striker 12;
    (e) provided, however, that such term does not include: (i) any rifle,
  shotgun  or pistol that (A) is manually operated by bolt, pump, lever or
  slide action; (B) has been rendered permanently inoperable; or (C) is an
  antique firearm as defined in 18 U.S.C. 921(a)(16);
    (ii) a semiautomatic rifle that cannot accept  a  detachable  magazine
  that holds more than five rounds of ammunition;
    (iii)  a  semiautomatic shotgun that cannot hold more than five rounds
  of ammunition in a fixed or detachable magazine;
    (iv) a rifle, shotgun or pistol, or a replica or a duplicate  thereof,
  specified  in  Appendix A to section 922 of 18 U.S.C. as such weapon was
  manufactured on October first, nineteen hundred ninety-three.  The  mere
  fact that a weapon is not listed in Appendix A shall not be construed to
  mean that such weapon is an assault weapon; or
    (v)  a semiautomatic rifle, a semiautomatic shotgun or a semiautomatic
  pistol  or  any  of  the  weapons  defined  in  paragraph  (d)  of  this
  subdivision  lawfully  possessed prior to September fourteenth, nineteen
  hundred ninety-four.
    23. "Large capacity ammunition feeding device" means a magazine, belt,
  drum, feed  strip,  or  similar  device,  manufactured  after  September
  thirteenth,  nineteen  hundred  ninety-four,  that has a capacity of, or
  that can be readily restored or  converted  to  accept,  more  than  ten
  rounds of ammunition; provided, however, that such term does not include
  an  attached tubular device designed to accept, and capable of operating
  only with, .22 caliber rimfire ammunition.