N.Y. VAT. LAW § 306 : NY Code - Section 306: Enforcement

Search N.Y. VAT. LAW § 306 : NY Code - Section 306: Enforcement

(a) The commissioner shall suspend or prohibit the
  renewal of the registration of any motor vehicle for which a certificate
  or  certificates of inspection has or have not been obtained as required
  by this article, or the regulations promulgated thereunder, or which  is
  not  repaired  within  the period designated under section three hundred
  four (b); provided however, the commissioner shall waive the requirement
  for any repairs to an emissions system  beyond  the  expenditure  amount
  permitted  by  federal  law  and  regulations  once  the amount has been
  expended.    The  commissioner  shall  provide  for  an  appeal  from  a
  determination  related  to  a  request  that  the  repair requirement be
  waived. No such waiver shall apply to classes of vehicles for which such
  waiver would be prohibited pursuant to  a  final  decree  of  a  federal
  court.
    (b)  No  motor  vehicle  shall  be  operated  or  parked on the public
  highways  of  this  state  unless  a  certificate  or  certificates   of
  inspection,  as  required  by this article, is or are displayed upon the
  vehicle or affixed to the registration certificate for  the  vehicle  as
  may  be  determined  by  the  commissioner.  The  commissioner  may,  by
  regulation, provide for a temporary indicia of inspection to  be  placed
  on  a  motor vehicle which shall be valid as a certificate of inspection
  for a period not to exceed fifteen days upon the loss, theft, mutilation
  or destruction of a certificate of inspection.  Any  violation  of  this
  section  that  occurs  while  a  motor  vehicle  is parked on the public
  highways of this state  shall  constitute  a  parking  violation.  Every
  agreement for the lease or rental of a motor vehicle for a period of not
  more than thirty days shall be deemed to provide that the lessor of such
  vehicle  shall,  in  all  respects, be substituted for the lessee or any
  person operating the vehicle in conformity  with  the  lease  or  rental
  agreement  in  connection  with  any  charge  of violating this section,
  provided that any summons issued to the operator for violation  of  this
  section  is  turned  over to the lessor. A violation of this subdivision
  shall be punishable by a fine of not less than fifty nor more  than  one
  hundred  dollars  for  a  first  offense, and by a fine of not less than
  fifty nor more than two hundred dollars or by imprisonment for not  more
  than  fifteen  days,  or  by  both  such fine and imprisonment, for each
  subsequent offense; provided  however,  that  if  the  vehicle  bears  a
  certificate or certificates of inspection which was or were valid within
  the last sixty days, such violation shall be punishable by a fine of not
  less than twenty-five nor more than fifty dollars.
    (c)  No motor vehicle shall be registered in this state unless a valid
  certificate or certificates of inspection is or are in  force  therefor,
  except where the vehicle is outside the state at the time of application
  for  registration  and  the  owner  has  secured from the commissioner a
  written extension of the time for inspection of such vehicle.
    (d) No person shall issue a certificate or certificates of inspection,
  inspection extension, or rejection notice without having made a complete
  inspection or inspections in conformity with the rules  and  regulations
  established  by  the commissioner, or shall wilfully issue a certificate
  or certificates of inspection for a motor vehicle,  the  mechanisms  and
  other  equipment  or emissions of which do not comply with the standards
  prescribed by the rules and regulations established by the  commissioner
  or  the  commissioner of environmental conservation, or wilfully issue a
  certificate of inspection extension or rejection notice when the item or
  items  of  inspection  conform  to  the  standards  established  by  the
  regulations  of  the  commissioner  or  wilfully  issue a certificate of
  inspection extension or rejection notice for an item or items for  which
  inspection is not required by the regulations of the commissioner.

    (e) Any person who shall make, issue or knowingly use any imitation or
  counterfeit  of  an  official  certificate  of  inspection, or who shall
  possess or display or cause or permit to be  displayed  upon  any  motor
  vehicle  any certificate of inspection knowing the same to be fictitious
  or  issued  without  an inspection or required repairs having been made,
  or, who unlawfully  mutilates  a  valid  certificate  of  inspection  or
  rejection,  or  who  shall  knowingly  issue,  obtain or present a false
  statement in connection with a waiver authorized by this article, or who
  unlawfully removes such a certificate from a  motor  vehicle,  shall  be
  guilty  of  a misdemeanor. The provisions of this subdivision shall also
  apply to any temporary indicia of inspection provided for by  regulation
  of the commissioner.
    (f)  Any  person  who shall display or cause or permit to be displayed
  any sign, mark or advertisement as an official inspection station unless
  a license has been issued by the commissioner and is then in  effect  or
  who  shall  transfer  or  attempt  to  transfer a license as an official
  inspection station, or who knowingly  makes  a  false  statement  in  an
  application for a license for an official inspection station, or renewal
  thereof, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.