14 U.S.C. § 93 : US Code - Section 93: Commandant; general powers

      (a) For the purpose of executing the duties and functions of the
    Coast Guard the Commandant may:
        (1) maintain water, land, and air patrols, and ice-breaking
      facilities;
        (2) establish and prescribe the purpose of, change the location
      of, consolidate, discontinue, re-establish, maintain, operate,
      and repair Coast Guard shore establishments;
        (3) assign vessels, aircraft, vehicles, aids to navigation,
      equipment, appliances, and supplies to Coast Guard districts and
      shore establishments, and transfer any of the foregoing from one
      district or shore establishment to another;
        (4) conduct experiments, investigate, or cause to be
      investigated, plans, devices, and inventions relating to the
      performance of any Coast Guard function, including research,
      development, test, or evaluation related to intelligence systems
      and capabilities, and cooperate and coordinate such activities
      with other Government agencies and with private agencies;
        (5) conduct any investigations or studies that may be of
      assistance to the Coast Guard in the performance of any of its
      powers, duties, or functions;
        (6) collect, publish, and distribute information concerning
      Coast Guard operations;
        (7) conduct or make available to personnel of the Coast Guard
      such specialized training and courses of instruction, including
      correspondence courses, as may be necessary or desirable for the
      good of the service;
        (8) design or cause to be designed, cause to be constructed,
      accept as gift, or otherwise acquire patrol boats and other small
      craft, equip, operate, maintain, supply, and repair such patrol
      boats, other small craft, aircraft, and vehicles, and subject to
      applicable regulations under subtitle I of title 40 and division
      C (except sections 3302, 3501(b), 3509, 3906, 4710, and 4711) of
      subtitle I of title 41 dispose of them;
        (9) acquire, accept as gift, maintain, repair, and discontinue
      aids to navigation, appliances, equipment, and supplies;
        (10) equip, operate, maintain, supply, and repair Coast Guard
      districts and shore establishments;
        (11) establish, equip, operate, and maintain shops, depots, and
      yards for the manufacture and construction of aids to navigation,
      equipment, apparatus, vessels, vehicles, and aircraft not
      normally or economically obtainable from private contractors, and
      for the maintenance and repair of any property used by the Coast
      Guard;
        (12) accept and utilize, in times of emergency in order to save
      life or protect property, such voluntary services as may be
      offered to the Coast Guard;
        (13) rent or lease, under such terms and conditions as are
      deemed advisable, for a period not exceeding five years, such
      real property under the control of the Coast Guard as may not be
      required for immediate use by the Coast Guard, the monies
      received from any such rental or lease, less amount of expenses
      incurred (exclusive of governmental personal services), to be
      deposited in the Treasury;
        (14) grant, under such terms and conditions as are deemed
      advisable, permits, licenses, easements, and rights-of-way over,
      across, in, and upon lands under the control of the Coast Guard
      when in the public interest and without substantially injuring
      the interests of the United States in the property thereby
      affected;
        (15) establish, install, abandon, re-establish, reroute,
      operate, maintain, repair, purchase, or lease such telephone and
      telegraph lines and cables, together with all facilities,
      apparatus, equipment, structures, appurtenances, accessories, and
      supplies used or useful in connection with the installation,
      operation, maintenance, or repair of such lines and cables,
      including telephones in residences leased or owned by the
      Government of the United States when appropriate to assure
      efficient response to extraordinary operational contingencies of
      a limited duration, and acquire such real property rights of way,
      easements, or attachment privileges as may be required for the
      installation, operation, and maintenance of such lines, cables,
      and equipment;
        (16) establish, install, abandon, reestablish, change the
      location of, operate, maintain, and repair radio transmitting and
      receiving stations;
        (17) provide medical and dental care for personnel entitled
      thereto by law or regulation, including care in private
      facilities;
        (18) accept, under terms and conditions the Commandant
      establishes, the service of an individual ordered to perform
      community service under the order of a Federal, State, or
      municipal court;
        (19) notwithstanding any other law, enter into cooperative
      agreements with States, local governments, non-governmental
      organizations, and individuals, to accept and utilize voluntary
      services for the maintenance and improvement of natural and
      historic resources on, or to benefit natural and historic
      research on, Coast Guard facilities, subject to the requirement
      that - 
          (A) the cooperative agreements shall each provide for the
        parties to contribute funds or services on a matching basis to
        defray the costs of such programs, projects, and activities
        under the agreement; and
          (B) a person providing voluntary services under this
        subsection shall not be considered a Federal employee except
        for purposes of chapter 81 of title 5, United States Code, with
        respect to compensation for work-related injuries, and chapter
        171 of title 28, United States Code, with respect to tort
        claims;

        (20) enter into cooperative agreements with other Government
      agencies and the National Academy of Sciences;
        (21) require that any member of the Coast Guard or Coast Guard
      Reserve (including a cadet or an applicant for appointment or
      enlistment to any of the foregoing and any member of a uniformed
      service who is assigned to the Coast Guard) request that all
      information contained in the National Driver Register pertaining
      to the individual, as described in section 30304(a) of title 49,
      be made available to the Commandant under section 30305(a) of
      title 49, may receive that information, and upon receipt, shall
      make the information available to the individual;
        (22) provide for the honorary recognition of individuals and
      organizations that significantly contribute to Coast Guard
      programs, missions, or operations, including State and local
      governments and commercial and nonprofit organizations, and pay
      for, using any appropriations or funds available to the Coast
      Guard, plaques, medals, trophies, badges, and similar items to
      acknowledge such contribution (including reasonable expenses of
      ceremony and presentation);
        (23) rent or lease, under such terms and conditions as are
      considered by the Secretary to be advisable, commercial vehicles
      to transport the next of kin of eligible retired Coast Guard
      military personnel to attend funeral services of the service
      member at a national cemetery; and
        (24) after informing the Secretary, make such recommendations
      to the Congress relating to the Coast Guard as the Commandant
      considers appropriate.

      (b)(1) Notwithstanding subsection (a)(14), a lease described in
    paragraph (2) of this subsection may be for a term of up to 20
    years.
      (2) A lease referred to in paragraph (1) is a lease - 
        (A) to the United States Coast Guard Academy Alumni Association
      for the construction of an Alumni Center on the grounds of the
      United States Coast Guard Academy; or
        (B) to an entity with which the Commandant has a cooperative
      agreement under section 4(e) of the Ports and Waterways Safety
      Act, and for which a term longer than 5 years is necessary to
      carry out the agreement.

      (c) Marine Safety Responsibilities. - In exercising the
    Commandant's duties and responsibilities with regard to marine
    safety, the individual with the highest rank who meets the
    experience qualifications set forth in section 50(a)(3) shall serve
    as the principal advisor to the Commandant regarding - 
        (1) the operation, regulation, inspection, identification,
      manning, and measurement of vessels, including plan approval and
      the application of load lines;
        (2) approval of materials, equipment, appliances, and
      associated equipment;
        (3) the reporting and investigation of marine casualties and
      accidents;
        (4) the licensing, certification, documentation, protection and
      relief of merchant seamen;
        (5) suspension and revocation of licenses and certificates;
        (6) enforcement of manning requirements, citizenship
      requirements, control of log books;
        (7) documentation and numbering of vessels;
        (8) State boating safety programs;
        (9) commercial instruments and maritime liens;
        (10) the administration of bridge safety;
        (11) administration of the navigation rules;
        (12) the prevention of pollution from vessels;
        (13) ports and waterways safety;
        (14) waterways management; including regulation for regattas
      and marine parades;
        (15) aids to navigation; and
        (16) other duties and powers of the Secretary related to marine
      safety and stewardship.

      (d) Other Authority Not Affected. - Nothing in subsection (c)
    affects - 
        (1) the authority of Coast Guard officers and members to
      enforce marine safety regulations using authority under section
      89 of this title; or
        (2) the exercise of authority under section 91 of this title
      and the provisions of law codified at sections 191 through 195 of
      title 50 on the date of enactment of this paragraph.