15 U.S.C. § 3703 : US Code - Section 3703: Definitions

      As used in this chapter, unless the context otherwise requires,
    the term - 
        (1) "Secretary" means the Secretary of Commerce.
        (2) "Centers" means the Cooperative Research Centers
      established under section 3705 or 3707 of this title.
        (3) "Nonprofit institution" means an organization owned and
      operated exclusively for scientific or educational purposes, no
      part of the net earnings of which inures to the benefit of any
      private shareholder or individual.
        (4) "Federal laboratory" means any laboratory, any federally
      funded research and development center, or any center established
      under section 3705 or 3707 of this title that is owned, leased,
      or otherwise used by a Federal agency and funded by the Federal
      Government, whether operated by the Government or by a
      contractor.
        (5) "Supporting agency" means either the Department of Commerce
      or the National Science Foundation, as appropriate.
        (6) "Federal agency" means any executive agency as defined in
      section 105 of title 5 and the military departments as defined in
      section 102 of such title, as well as any agency of the
      legislative branch of the Federal Government.
        (7) "Invention" means any invention or discovery which is or
      may be patentable or otherwise protected under title 35 or any
      novel variety of plant which is or may be protectable under the
      Plant Variety Protection Act (7 U.S.C. 2321 et seq.).
        (8) "Made" when used in conjunction with any invention means
      the conception or first actual reduction to practice of such
      invention.
        (9) "Small business firm" means a small business concern as
      defined in section 632 of this title and implementing regulations
      of the Administrator of the Small Business Administration.
        (10) "Training technology" means computer software and related
      materials which are developed by a Federal agency to train
      employees of such agency, including but not limited to software
      for computer-based instructional systems and for interactive
      video disc systems.
        (11) "Clearinghouse" means the Clearinghouse for State and
      Local Initiatives on Productivity, Technology, and Innovation
      established by section 3704a of this title.