17 U.S.C. § 110 : US Code - Section 110: Limitations on exclusive rights: Exemption of certain performances and displays

      Notwithstanding the provisions of section 106, the following are
    not infringements of copyright:
        (1) performance or display of a work by instructors or pupils
      in the course of face-to-face teaching activities of a nonprofit
      educational institution, in a classroom or similar place devoted
      to instruction, unless, in the case of a motion picture or other
      audiovisual work, the performance, or the display of individual
      images, is given by means of a copy that was not lawfully made
      under this title, and that the person responsible for the
      performance knew or had reason to believe was not lawfully made;
        (2) except with respect to a work produced or marketed
      primarily for performance or display as part of mediated
      instructional activities transmitted via digital networks, or a
      performance or display that is given by means of a copy or
      phonorecord that is not lawfully made and acquired under this
      title, and the transmitting government body or accredited
      nonprofit educational institution knew or had reason to believe
      was not lawfully made and acquired, the performance of a
      nondramatic literary or musical work or reasonable and limited
      portions of any other work, or display of a work in an amount
      comparable to that which is typically displayed in the course of
      a live classroom session, by or in the course of a transmission,
      if - 
          (A) the performance or display is made by, at the direction
        of, or under the actual supervision of an instructor as an
        integral part of a class session offered as a regular part of
        the systematic mediated instructional activities of a
        governmental body or an accredited nonprofit educational
        institution;
          (B) the performance or display is directly related and of
        material assistance to the teaching content of the
        transmission;
          (C) the transmission is made solely for, and, to the extent
        technologically feasible, the reception of such transmission is
        limited to - 
            (i) students officially enrolled in the course for which
          the transmission is made; or
            (ii) officers or employees of governmental bodies as a part
          of their official duties or employment; and

          (D) the transmitting body or institution - 
            (i) institutes policies regarding copyright, provides
          informational materials to faculty, students, and relevant
          staff members that accurately describe, and promote
          compliance with, the laws of the United States relating to
          copyright, and provides notice to students that materials
          used in connection with the course may be subject to
          copyright protection; and
            (ii) in the case of digital transmissions - 
              (I) applies technological measures that reasonably
            prevent - 
                (aa) retention of the work in accessible form by
              recipients of the transmission from the transmitting body
              or institution for longer than the class session; and
                (bb) unauthorized further dissemination of the work in
              accessible form by such recipients to others; and

              (II) does not engage in conduct that could reasonably be
            expected to interfere with technological measures used by
            copyright owners to prevent such retention or unauthorized
            further dissemination;

        (3) performance of a nondramatic literary or musical work or of
      a dramatico-musical work of a religious nature, or display of a
      work, in the course of services at a place of worship or other
      religious assembly;
        (4) performance of a nondramatic literary or musical work
      otherwise than in a transmission to the public, without any
      purpose of direct or indirect commercial advantage and without
      payment of any fee or other compensation for the performance to
      any of its performers, promoters, or organizers, if - 
          (A) there is no direct or indirect admission charge; or
          (B) the proceeds, after deducting the reasonable costs of
        producing the performance, are used exclusively for
        educational, religious, or charitable purposes and not for
        private financial gain, except where the copyright owner has
        served notice of objection to the performance under the
        following conditions:
            (i) the notice shall be in writing and signed by the
          copyright owner or such owner's duly authorized agent; and
            (ii) the notice shall be served on the person responsible
          for the performance at least seven days before the date of
          the performance, and shall state the reasons for the
          objection; and
            (iii) the notice shall comply, in form, content, and manner
          of service, with requirements that the Register of Copyrights
          shall prescribe by regulation;

        (5)(A) except as provided in subparagraph (B), communication of
      a transmission embodying a performance or display of a work by
      the public reception of the transmission on a single receiving
      apparatus of a kind commonly used in private homes, unless - 
          (i) a direct charge is made to see or hear the transmission;
        or
          (ii) the transmission thus received is further transmitted to
        the public;

        (B) communication by an establishment of a transmission or
      retransmission embodying a performance or display of a
      nondramatic musical work intended to be received by the general
      public, originated by a radio or television broadcast station
      licensed as such by the Federal Communications Commission, or, if
      an audiovisual transmission, by a cable system or satellite
      carrier, if - 
          (i) in the case of an establishment other than a food service
        or drinking establishment, either the establishment in which
        the communication occurs has less than 2,000 gross square feet
        of space (excluding space used for customer parking and for no
        other purpose), or the establishment in which the communication
        occurs has 2,000 or more gross square feet of space (excluding
        space used for customer parking and for no other purpose) and -
        
            (I) if the performance is by audio means only, the
          performance is communicated by means of a total of not more
          than 6 loudspeakers, of which not more than 4 loudspeakers
          are located in any 1 room or adjoining outdoor space; or
            (II) if the performance or display is by audiovisual means,
          any visual portion of the performance or display is
          communicated by means of a total of not more than 4
          audiovisual devices, of which not more than 1 audiovisual
          device is located in any 1 room, and no such audiovisual
          device has a diagonal screen size greater than 55 inches, and
          any audio portion of the performance or display is
          communicated by means of a total of not more than 6
          loudspeakers, of which not more than 4 loudspeakers are
          located in any 1 room or adjoining outdoor space;

          (ii) in the case of a food service or drinking establishment,
        either the establishment in which the communication occurs has
        less than 3,750 gross square feet of space (excluding space
        used for customer parking and for no other purpose), or the
        establishment in which the communication occurs has 3,750 gross
        square feet of space or more (excluding space used for customer
        parking and for no other purpose) and - 
            (I) if the performance is by audio means only, the
          performance is communicated by means of a total of not more
          than 6 loudspeakers, of which not more than 4 loudspeakers
          are located in any 1 room or adjoining outdoor space; or
            (II) if the performance or display is by audiovisual means,
          any visual portion of the performance or display is
          communicated by means of a total of not more than 4
          audiovisual devices, of which not more than one audiovisual
          device is located in any 1 room, and no such audiovisual
          device has a diagonal screen size greater than 55 inches, and
          any audio portion of the performance or display is
          communicated by means of a total of not more than 6
          loudspeakers, of which not more than 4 loudspeakers are
          located in any 1 room or adjoining outdoor space;

          (iii) no direct charge is made to see or hear the
        transmission or retransmission;
          (iv) the transmission or retransmission is not further
        transmitted beyond the establishment where it is received; and
          (v) the transmission or retransmission is licensed by the
        copyright owner of the work so publicly performed or displayed;

        (6) performance of a nondramatic musical work by a governmental
      body or a nonprofit agricultural or horticultural organization,
      in the course of an annual agricultural or horticultural fair or
      exhibition conducted by such body or organization; the exemption
      provided by this clause shall extend to any liability for
      copyright infringement that would otherwise be imposed on such
      body or organization, under doctrines of vicarious liability or
      related infringement, for a performance by a concessionnaire,(!1)
      business establishment, or other person at such fair or
      exhibition, but shall not excuse any such person from liability
      for the performance;

        (7) performance of a nondramatic musical work by a vending
      establishment open to the public at large without any direct or
      indirect admission charge, where the sole purpose of the
      performance is to promote the retail sale of copies or
      phonorecords of the work, or of the audiovisual or other devices
      utilized in such performance, and the performance is not
      transmitted beyond the place where the establishment is located
      and is within the immediate area where the sale is occurring;
        (8) performance of a nondramatic literary work, by or in the
      course of a transmission specifically designed for and primarily
      directed to blind or other handicapped persons who are unable to
      read normal printed material as a result of their handicap, or
      deaf or other handicapped persons who are unable to hear the
      aural signals accompanying a transmission of visual signals, if
      the performance is made without any purpose of direct or indirect
      commercial advantage and its transmission is made through the
      facilities of: (i) a governmental body; or (ii) a noncommercial
      educational broadcast station (as defined in section 397 of title
      47); or (iii) a radio subcarrier authorization (as defined in 47
      CFR 73.293-73.295 and 73.593-73.595); or (iv) a cable system (as
      defined in section 111(f));
        (9) performance on a single occasion of a dramatic literary
      work published at least ten years before the date of the
      performance, by or in the course of a transmission specifically
      designed for and primarily directed to blind or other handicapped
      persons who are unable to read normal printed material as a
      result of their handicap, if the performance is made without any
      purpose of direct or indirect commercial advantage and its
      transmission is made through the facilities of a radio subcarrier
      authorization referred to in clause (8)(iii), Provided, That the
      provisions of this clause shall not be applicable to more than
      one performance of the same work by the same performers or under
      the auspices of the same organization;
        (10) notwithstanding paragraph (4), the following is not an
      infringement of copyright: performance of a nondramatic literary
      or musical work in the course of a social function which is
      organized and promoted by a nonprofit veterans' organization or a
      nonprofit fraternal organization to which the general public is
      not invited, but not including the invitees of the organizations,
      if the proceeds from the performance, after deducting the
      reasonable costs of producing the performance, are used
      exclusively for charitable purposes and not for financial gain.
      For purposes of this section the social functions of any college
      or university fraternity or sorority shall not be included unless
      the social function is held solely to raise funds for a specific
      charitable purpose; and
        (11) the making imperceptible, by or at the direction of a
      member of a private household, of limited portions of audio or
      video content of a motion picture, during a performance in or
      transmitted to that household for private home viewing, from an
      authorized copy of the motion picture, or the creation or
      provision of a computer program or other technology that enables
      such making imperceptible and that is designed and marketed to be
      used, at the direction of a member of a private household, for
      such making imperceptible, if no fixed copy of the altered
      version of the motion picture is created by such computer program
      or other technology.

    The exemptions provided under paragraph (5) shall not be taken into
    account in any administrative, judicial, or other governmental
    proceeding to set or adjust the royalties payable to copyright
    owners for the public performance or display of their works.
    Royalties payable to copyright owners for any public performance or
    display of their works other than such performances or displays as
    are exempted under paragraph (5) shall not be diminished in any
    respect as a result of such exemption.
        In paragraph (2), the term "mediated instructional activities"
      with respect to the performance or display of a work by digital
      transmission under this section refers to activities that use
      such work as an integral part of the class experience, controlled
      by or under the actual supervision of the instructor and
      analogous to the type of performance or display that would take
      place in a live classroom setting. The term does not refer to
      activities that use, in 1 or more class sessions of a single
      course, such works as textbooks, course packs, or other material
      in any media, copies or phonorecords of which are typically
      purchased or acquired by the students in higher education for
      their independent use and retention or are typically purchased or
      acquired for elementary and secondary students for their
      possession and independent use.
        For purposes of paragraph (2), accreditation - 
          (A) with respect to an institution providing post-secondary
        education, shall be as determined by a regional or national
        accrediting agency recognized by the Council on Higher
        Education Accreditation or the United States Department of
        Education; and
          (B) with respect to an institution providing elementary or
        secondary education, shall be as recognized by the applicable
        state certification or licensing procedures.

        For purposes of paragraph (2), no governmental body or
      accredited nonprofit educational institution shall be liable for
      infringement by reason of the transient or temporary storage of
      material carried out through the automatic technical process of a
      digital transmission of the performance or display of that
      material as authorized under paragraph (2). No such material
      stored on the system or network controlled or operated by the
      transmitting body or institution under this paragraph shall be
      maintained on such system or network in a manner ordinarily
      accessible to anyone other than anticipated recipients. No such
      copy shall be maintained on the system or network in a manner
      ordinarily accessible to such anticipated recipients for a longer
      period than is reasonably necessary to facilitate the
      transmissions for which it was made.
        For purposes of paragraph (11), the term "making imperceptible"
      does not include the addition of audio or video content that is
      performed or displayed over or in place of existing content in a
      motion picture.
        Nothing in paragraph (11) shall be construed to imply further
      rights under section 106 of this title, or to have any effect on
      defenses or limitations on rights granted under any other section
      of this title or under any other paragraph of this section.