18 U.S.C. § 203 : US Code - Section 203: Compensation to Members of Congress, officers, and others in matters affecting the Government

Search 18 U.S.C. § 203 : US Code - Section 203: Compensation to Members of Congress, officers, and others in matters affecting the Government

      (a) Whoever, otherwise than as provided by law for the proper
    discharge of official duties, directly or indirectly - 
        (1) demands, seeks, receives, accepts, or agrees to receive or
      accept any compensation for any representational services, as
      agent or attorney or otherwise, rendered or to be rendered either
      personally or by another - 
          (A) at a time when such person is a Member of Congress,
        Member of Congress Elect, Delegate, Delegate Elect, Resident
        Commissioner, or Resident Commissioner Elect; or
          (B) at a time when such person is an officer or employee or
        Federal judge of the United States in the executive,
        legislative, or judicial branch of the Government, or in any
        agency of the United States,

      in relation to any proceeding, application, request for a ruling
      or other determination, contract, claim, controversy, charge,
      accusation, arrest, or other particular matter in which the
      United States is a party or has a direct and substantial
      interest, before any department, agency, court, court-martial,
      officer, or any civil, military, or naval commission; or
        (2) knowingly gives, promises, or offers any compensation for
      any such representational services rendered or to be rendered at
      a time when the person to whom the compensation is given,
      promised, or offered, is or was such a Member, Member Elect,
      Delegate, Delegate Elect, Commissioner, Commissioner Elect,
      Federal judge, officer, or employee;
        shall be subject to the penalties set forth in section 216 of
      this title.

      (b) Whoever, otherwise than as provided by law for the proper
    discharge of official duties, directly or indirectly - 
        (1) demands, seeks, receives, accepts, or agrees to receive or
      accept any compensation for any representational services, as
      agent or attorney or otherwise, rendered or to be rendered either
      personally or by another, at a time when such person is an
      officer or employee of the District of Columbia, in relation to
      any proceeding, application, request for a ruling or other
      determination, contract, claim, controversy, charge, accusation,
      arrest, or other particular matter in which the District of
      Columbia is a party or has a direct and substantial interest,
      before any department, agency, court, officer, or commission; or
        (2) knowingly gives, promises, or offers any compensation for
      any such representational services rendered or to be rendered at
      a time when the person to whom the compensation is given,
      promised, or offered, is or was an officer or employee of the
      District of Columbia;

    shall be subject to the penalties set forth in section 216 of this
    title.
      (c) A special Government employee shall be subject to subsections
    (a) and (b) only in relation to a particular matter involving a
    specific party or parties - 
        (1) in which such employee has at any time participated
      personally and substantially as a Government employee or as a
      special Government employee through decision, approval,
      disapproval, recommendation, the rendering of advice,
      investigation or otherwise; or
        (2) which is pending in the department or agency of the
      Government in which such employee is serving except that
      paragraph (2) of this subsection shall not apply in the case of a
      special Government employee who has served in such department or
      agency no more than sixty days during the immediately preceding
      period of three hundred and sixty-five consecutive days.

      (d) Nothing in this section prevents an officer or employee,
    including a special Government employee, from acting, with or
    without compensation, as agent or attorney for or otherwise
    representing his parents, spouse, child, or any person for whom, or
    for any estate for which, he is serving as guardian, executor,
    administrator, trustee, or other personal fiduciary except - 
        (1) in those matters in which he has participated personally
      and substantially as a Government employee or as a special
      Government employee through decision, approval, disapproval,
      recommendation, the rendering of advice, investigation, or
      otherwise; or
        (2) in those matters that are the subject of his official
      responsibility,

    subject to approval by the Government official responsible for
    appointment to his position.
      (e) Nothing in this section prevents a special Government
    employee from acting as agent or attorney for another person in the
    performance of work under a grant by, or a contract with or for the
    benefit of, the United States if the head of the department or
    agency concerned with the grant or contract certifies in writing
    that the national interest so requires and publishes such
    certification in the Federal Register.
      (f) Nothing in this section prevents an individual from giving
    testimony under oath or from making statements required to be made
    under penalty of perjury.