Notes on 18 U.S.C. § 921 : US Code - Notes

Search Notes on 18 U.S.C. § 921 : US Code - Notes

    (Added Pub. L. 90-351, title IV, Sec. 902, June 19, 1968, 82 Stat.
    226; amended Pub. L. 90-618, title I, Sec. 102, Oct. 22, 1968, 82
    Stat. 1214; Pub. L. 93-639, Sec. 102, Jan. 4, 1975, 88 Stat. 2217;
    Pub. L. 99-308, Sec. 101, May 19, 1986, 100 Stat. 449; Pub. L. 99-
    360, Sec. 1(b), July 8, 1986, 100 Stat. 766; Pub. L. 99-408, Sec.
    1, Aug. 28, 1986, 100 Stat. 920; Pub. L. 101-647, title XVII, Sec.
    1702(b)(2), title XXII, Sec. 2204(a), Nov. 29, 1990, 104 Stat.
    4845, 4857; Pub. L. 103-159, title I, Sec. 102(a)(2), Nov. 30,
    1993, 107 Stat. 1539; Pub. L. 103-322, title XI, Secs. 110102(b),
    110103(b), 110105(2), 110401(a), 110519, title XXXIII, Sec.
    330021(1), Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 1997, 1999, 2000, 2014, 2020,
    2150; Pub. L. 104-88, title III, Sec. 303(1), Dec. 29, 1995, 109
    Stat. 943; Pub. L. 104-208, div. A, title I, Sec. 101(f) [title VI,
    Sec. 658(a)], Sept. 30, 1996, 110 Stat. 3009-314, 3009-371; Pub. L.
    105-277, div. A, Sec. 101(b) [title I, Sec. 119(a)], (h) [title I,
    Sec. 115], Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681-50, 2681-69, 2681-480,
    2681-490; Pub. L. 107-273, div. C, title I, Sec. 11009(e)(1), Nov.
    2, 2002, 116 Stat. 1821; Pub. L. 107-296, title XI, Sec. 1112(f)(1)-
    (3), (6), Nov. 25, 2002, 116 Stat. 2276; Pub. L. 109-162, title
    IX, Sec. 908(a), Jan. 5, 2006, 119 Stat. 3083.)


                            REFERENCES IN TEXT                        
      For definition of Canal Zone, referred to in subsec. (a)(2), see
    section 3602(b) of Title 22, Foreign Relations and Intercourse.



                                AMENDMENTS                            
      2006 - Subsec. (a)(33)(A)(i). Pub. L. 109-162, which directed the
    general amendment of "section 921(33)(A)(i) of title 18", was
    executed to par. (33)(A)(i) of subsec. (a), to reflect the probable
    intent of Congress. Prior to amendment, cl. (i) read as follows:
    "is a misdemeanor under Federal or State law; and".
      2002 - Subsec. (a)(4). Pub. L. 107-296, Sec. 1112(f)(2),
    substituted "Attorney General" for "Secretary of the Treasury" in
    concluding provisions.
      Subsec. (a)(4)(B). Pub. L. 107-296, Sec. 1112(f)(1), substituted
    "Attorney General" for "Secretary".
      Subsec. (a)(13), (17)(C). Pub. L. 107-296, Sec. 1112(f)(6),
    substituted "Attorney General" for "Secretary" wherever appearing.
      Subsec. (a)(18). Pub. L. 107-296, Sec. 1112(f)(3), added par.
    (18) and struck out former par. (18) which read as follows: "The
    term 'Secretary' or 'Secretary of the Treasury' means the Secretary
    of the Treasury or his delegate."
      Subsec. (a)(19). Pub. L. 107-296, Sec. 1112(f)(6), substituted
    "Attorney General" for "Secretary" in two places.
      Subsec. (a)(35). Pub. L. 107-273 added par. (35).
      1998 - Subsec. (a)(5). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 101(h) [title I,
    Sec. 115(1)], substituted "an explosive" for "the explosive in a
    fixed shotgun shell".
      Subsec. (a)(7). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 101(h) [title I, Sec.
    115(2)], substituted "an explosive" for "the explosive in a fixed
    metallic cartridge".
      Subsec. (a)(16). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 101(h) [title I, Sec.
    115(3)], added par. (16) and struck out former par. (16) which read
    as follows: "The term 'antique firearm' means - 
        "(A) any firearm (including any firearm with a matchlock,
      flintlock, percussion cap, or similar type of ignition system)
      manufactured in or before 1898; and
        "(B) any replica of any firearm described in subparagraph (A)
      if such replica - 
          "(i) is not designed or redesigned for using rimfire or
        conventional centerfire fixed ammunition, or
          "(ii) uses rimfire or conventional centerfire fixed
        ammunition which is no longer manufactured in the United States
        and which is not readily available in the ordinary channels of
        commercial trade."
      Subsec. (a)(34). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 101(b) [title I, Sec.
    119(a)], added par. (34).
      1996 - Subsec. (a)(33). Pub. L. 104-208 added par. (33).
      1995 - Subsec. (a)(27). Pub. L. 104-88 substituted "section
    13102" for "section 10102".
      1994 - Subsec. (a)(17)(B). Pub. L. 103-322, Sec. 110519, amended
    subpar. (B) generally. Prior to amendment, subpar. (B) read as
    follows: "The term 'armor piercing ammunition' means a projectile
    or projectile core which may be used in a handgun and which is
    constructed entirely (excluding the presence of traces of other
    substances) from one or a combination of tungsten alloys, steel,
    iron, brass, bronze, beryllium copper, or depleted uranium. Such
    term does not include shotgun shot required by Federal or State
    environmental or game regulations for hunting purposes, a frangible
    projectile designed for target shooting, a projectile which the
    Secretary finds is primarily intended to be used for sporting
    purposes, or any other projectile or projectile core which the
    Secretary finds is intended to be used for industrial purposes,
    including a charge used in an oil and gas well perforating device."
      Subsec. (a)(17)(C). Pub. L. 103-322, Sec. 110519, added subpar.
    (C).
      Subsec. (a)(22)(C)(iii). Pub. L. 103-322, Sec. 330021(1),
    substituted "kidnapping" for "kidnaping".
      Subsec. (a)(30). Pub. L. 103-322, Sec. 110102(b), which added
    par. (30) defining "semiautomatic assault weapon", was repealed by
    Pub. L. 103-322, Sec. 110105(2). See Effective and Termination
    Dates of 1994 Amendment note below.
      Subsec. (a)(31). Pub. L. 103-322, Sec. 110103(b), which added
    par. (31) defining "large capacity ammunition feeding device", was
    repealed by Pub. L. 103-322, Sec. 110105(2). See Effective and
    Termination Dates of 1994 Amendment note below.
      Subsec. (a)(32). Pub. L. 103-322, Sec. 110401(a), added par.
    (32).
      1993 - Subsec. (a)(29). Pub. L. 103-159 added par. (29).
      1990 - Subsec. (a)(25) to (27). Pub. L. 101-647, Sec. 1702(b)(2),
    added pars. (25) to (27).
      Subsec. (a)(28). Pub. L. 101-647, Sec. 2204(a), added par. (28).
      1986 - Subsec. (a)(10). Pub. L. 99-308, Sec. 101(1), substituted
    "business of manufacturing" for "manufacture of".
      Subsec. (a)(11)(A). Pub. L. 99-308, Sec. 101(2), struck out "or
    ammunition" after "firearms".
      Subsec. (a)(12). Pub. L. 99-308, Sec. 101(3), struck out "or
    ammunition" after "firearm".
      Subsec. (a)(13). Pub. L. 99-308, Sec. 101(4), struck out "or
    ammunition" after "firearms".
      Subsec. (a)(17). Pub. L. 99-408 designated existing provisions as
    subpar. (A) and added subpar. (B).
      Subsec. (a)(20). Pub. L. 99-308, Sec. 101(5), amended par. (20)
    generally. Prior to amendment, par. (20) read as follows: "The term
    'crime punishable by imprisonment for a term exceeding one year'
    shall not include (A) any Federal or State offenses pertaining to
    antitrust violations, unfair trade practices, restraints of trade,
    or other similar offenses relating to the regulation of business
    practices as the Secretary may by regulation designate, or (B) any
    State offense (other than one involving a firearm or explosive)
    classified by the laws of the State as a misdemeanor and punishable
    by a term of imprisonment of two years or less."
      Subsec. (a)(21). Pub. L. 99-308, Sec. 101(6), added par. (21).
      Subsec. (a)(22). Pub. L. 99-360 inserted provision that proof of
    profit not be required as to a person who engages in the regular
    and repetitive purchase and disposition of firearms for criminal
    purposes or terrorism and defined terrorism.
      Pub. L. 99-308, Sec. 101(6), added par. (22).
      Subsec. (a)(23), (24). Pub. L. 99-308, Sec. 101(6), added pars.
    (23) and (24).
      1975 - Subsec. (a)(4). Pub. L. 93-639 substituted "to use solely
    for sporting, recreational or cultural purposes" for "to use solely
    for sporting purposes".
      1968 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 90-618 inserted definitions of
    "collector", "licensed collector", and "crime punishable by
    imprisonment for a term exceeding one year", amended definitions of
    "person", "whoever", "interstate or foreign commerce", "State",
    "firearm", "destructive device", "dealer", "indictment", "fugitive
    from justice", "antique firearm", "ammunition", and "published
    ordinance", and reenacted without change definitions of "shotgun",
    "short-barreled shotgun", "rifle", "short-barreled rifle",
    "importer", "licensed importer", "manufacturer", "licensed
    manufacturer", "licensed dealer", "pawnbroker", and "Secretary" or
    "Secretary of the Treasury".
      Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 90-618 substituted provisions determining
    that a member of the armed forces on active duty is a resident of
    the State in which his permanent duty station is located for
    provisions defining "firearm", "destructive device", and "crime
    punishable by imprisonment for a term exceeding one year".

                     EFFECTIVE DATE OF 2002 AMENDMENT                 
      Amendment by Pub. L. 107-296 effective 60 days after Nov. 25,
    2002, see section 4 of Pub. L. 107-296, set out as an Effective
    Date note under section 101 of Title 6, Domestic Security.

                     EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1998 AMENDMENT                 
      Pub. L. 105-277, div. A, Sec. 101(b) [title I, Sec. 119(e)], Oct.
    21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681-50, 2681-70, provided that: "The
    amendments made by this section [amending this section and section
    923 of this title] shall take effect 180 days after the date of
    enactment of this Act [Oct. 21, 1998]."

                     EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1995 AMENDMENT                 
      Amendment by Pub. L. 104-88 effective Jan. 1, 1996, see section 2
    of Pub. L. 104-88, set out as an Effective Date note under section
    701 of Title 49, Transportation.

             EFFECTIVE AND TERMINATION DATES OF 1994 AMENDMENT         
      Pub. L. 103-322, title XI, Sec. 110105, Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat.
    2000, provided that subtitle A (Secs. 110101-110106) of title XI of
    Pub. L. 103-322 (amending this section and sections 922 to 924 of
    this title and enacting provisions set out as notes under this
    section) and the amendments made by that subtitle were effective
    Sept. 13, 1994, and were repealed effective as of the date that is
    10 years after that date.

                     EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1990 AMENDMENT                 
      Section 1702(b)(4) of Pub. L. 101-647 provided that: "The
    amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections
    922 and 924 of this title] shall apply to conduct engaged in after
    the end of the 60-day period beginning on the date of the enactment
    of this Act [Nov. 29, 1990]."

    EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1986 AMENDMENTS; PUBLICATION AND AVAILABILITY OF
            COMPILATION OF STATE LAWS AND PUBLISHED ORDINANCES
      Section 9 of Pub. L. 99-408 provided that: "The amendments made
    by this Act [amending this section and sections 922, 923, and 929
    of this title and enacting provisions set out as notes under this
    section] shall take effect on the date of enactment of this Act
    [Aug. 28, 1986], except that sections 3, 4, and 5 [amending section
    923 of this title] shall take effect on the first day of the first
    calendar month which begins more than ninety days after the date of
    the enactment of this Act."
      Section 2 of Pub. L. 99-360 provided that: "This Act and the
    amendments made by this Act [enacting section 926A of this title,
    amending this section and section 923 of this title, and repealing
    former section 926A of this title], intended to amend the Firearms
    Owners' Protection Act [Pub. L. 99-308, see Short Title of 1986
    Amendment note below], shall become effective on the date on which
    the section they are intended to amend in such Firearms Owners'
    Protection Act becomes effective [see section 110 of Pub. L. 99-308
    set out below] and shall apply to the amendments to title 18,
    United States Code, made by such Act."
      Section 110 of Pub. L. 99-308 provided that:
      "(a) In General. - The amendments made by this Act [enacting
    section 926A of this title, amending this section, sections 922 to
    926 and 929 of this title, and section 5845 of Title 26, Internal
    Revenue Code, repealing title VII of Pub. L. 90-351, set out in the
    Appendix to this title, and enacting provisions set out as notes
    under this section] shall become effective one hundred and eighty
    days after the date of the enactment of this Act [May 19, 1986].
    Upon their becoming effective, the Secretary shall publish and
    provide to all licensees a compilation of the State laws and
    published ordinances of which licensees are presumed to have
    knowledge pursuant to chapter 44 of title 18, United States Code,
    as amended by this Act. All amendments to such State laws and
    published ordinances as contained in the aforementioned compilation
    shall be published in the Federal Register, revised annually, and
    furnished to each person licensed under chapter 44 of title 18,
    United States Code, as amended by this Act.
      "(b) Pending Actions, Petitions, and Appellate Proceedings. - The
    amendments made by sections 103(6)(B), 105, and 107 of this Act
    [enacting section 926A of this title and amending sections 923 and
    925 of this title] shall be applicable to any action, petition, or
    appellate proceeding pending on the date of the enactment of this
    Act [May 19, 1986].
      "(c) Machinegun Prohibition. - Section 102(9) [amending section
    922 of this title] shall take effect on the date of the enactment
    of this Act [May 19, 1986]."

                     EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1968 AMENDMENT                 
      Section 105 of Pub. L. 90-618 provided that:
      "(a) Except as provided in subsection (b), the provisions of
    chapter 44 of title 18, United States Code, as amended by section
    102 of this title [amending this chapter], shall take effect on
    December 16, 1968.
      "(b) The following sections of chapter 44 of title 18, United
    States Code, as amended by section 102 of this title shall take
    effect on the date of the enactment of this title [Oct. 22, 1968]:
    Sections 921, 922(l), 925(a)(1), and 925(d)."

                              EFFECTIVE DATE                          
      Section 907 of title IV of Pub. L. 90-351 provided that: "The
    amendments made by this title [enacting this chapter and provisions
    set out as notes under this section and repealing sections 901 to
    910 of Title 15, Commerce and Trade] shall become effective one
    hundred and eighty days after the date of its enactment [June 19,
    1968]; except that repeal of the Federal Firearms Act [sections 901
    to 910 of Title 15] shall not in itself terminate any valid license
    issued pursuant to that Act and any such license shall be deemed
    valid until it shall expire according to its terms unless it be
    sooner revoked or terminated pursuant to applicable provisions of
    law."

                       SHORT TITLE OF 2005 AMENDMENT                   
      Pub. L. 109-92, Sec. 5(a), Oct. 26, 2005, 119 Stat. 2099,
    provided that: "This section [amending sections 922 and 924 of this
    title and enacting provisions set out as notes under section 922 of
    this title] may be cited as the 'Child Safety Lock Act of 2005'."

                       SHORT TITLE OF 2004 AMENDMENT                   
      Pub. L. 108-277, Sec. 1, July 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 865, provided
    that: "This Act [enacting sections 926B and 926C of this title] may
    be cited as the 'Law Enforcement Officers Safety Act of 2004'."

                       SHORT TITLE OF 1994 AMENDMENT                   
      Pub. L. 103-322, title XI, Sec. 110101, Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat.
    1996, provided that subtitle A (Secs. 110101-110106) of title XI of
    Pub. L. 103-322 (amending this section and sections 922 to 924 of
    this title and enacting provisions set out as notes under this
    section) could be cited as the "Public Safety and Recreational
    Firearms Use Protection Act", prior to repeal by Pub. L. 103-322,
    title XI, Sec. 110105(2), Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 2000, effective
    10 years after Sept. 13, 1994.

                       SHORT TITLE OF 1993 AMENDMENT                   
      Section 101 of title I of Pub. L. 103-159 provided that: "This
    title [enacting section 925A of this title, amending this section,
    sections 922 and 924 of this title, and section 3759 of Title 42,
    The Public Health and Welfare, and enacting provisions set out as
    notes under this section and section 922 of this title] may be
    cited as the 'Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act'."
      Section 301 of title III of Pub. L. 103-159 provided that: "This
    title [amending sections 922 to 924 of this title] may be cited as
    the 'Federal Firearms License Reform Act of 1993'."

                       SHORT TITLE OF 1990 AMENDMENT                   
      Section 1702(a) of Pub. L. 101-647 provided that: "This section
    [amending this section and sections 922 and 924 of this title and
    enacting provisions set out as notes under this section and section
    922 of this title] may be cited as the 'Gun-Free School Zones Act
    of 1990'."

                       SHORT TITLE OF 1988 AMENDMENT                   
      Pub. L. 100-649, Sec. 1, Nov. 10, 1988, 102 Stat. 3816, provided
    that: "This Act [amending sections 922, 924, and 925 of this title
    and enacting provisions set out as notes under section 922 of this
    title and section 1356 of former Title 49, Transportation] may be
    cited as the 'Undetectable Firearms Act of 1988'."

                      SHORT TITLE OF 1986 AMENDMENTS                  
      Pub. L. 99-570, title I, subtitle I, Sec. 1401, Oct. 27, 1986,
    100 Stat. 3207-39, provided that: "This subtitle [amending section
    924 of this title] may be cited as the 'Career Criminals Amendment
    Act of 1986'."
      Section 1(a) of Pub. L. 99-308 provided that: "This Act [enacting
    section 926A of this title, amending this section, sections 922 to
    926 and 929 of this title, and section 5845 of Title 26, Internal
    Revenue Code, repealing title VII of Pub. L. 90-351, set out in the
    Appendix to this title, and enacting provisions set out as notes
    under this section] may be cited as the 'Firearms Owners'
    Protection Act'."

                                SHORT TITLE                            
      Section 1 of Pub. L. 90-618 provided: "That this Act [enacting
    sections 5822, 5871 and 5872 of Title 26, Internal Revenue Code,
    amending this section, sections 922 to 928 of this title, and
    Appendix to this title, and sections 5801, 5802, 5811, 5812, 5821,
    5841 to 5849, 5851 to 5854, 5861, 6806, and 7273 of Title 26,
    repealing sections 5692 and 6107 of Title 26, omitting sections
    5803, 5813, 5814, 5831, 5855, and 5862 of Title 26, and enacting
    material set out as notes under this section and Appendix to this
    title, and section 5801 of Title 26] may be cited as the 'Gun
    Control Act of 1968'."

       CONSTRUCTION OF PUB. L. 103-159 WITH SECTION 552A OF TITLE 5   
      Section 105 of Pub. L. 103-159 provided that: "This Act [enacting
    section 925A of this title, amending this section, sections 922 to
    924 of this title, and section 3759 of Title 42, The Public Health
    and Welfare, and enacting provisions set out as notes under this
    section and section 922 of this title] and the amendments made by
    this Act shall not be construed to alter or impair any right or
    remedy under section 552a of title 5, United States Code."

                     STATUTORY CONSTRUCTION; EVIDENCE                 
      For provisions relating to statutory construction of, and
    admissibility of evidence regarding compliance or noncompliance
    with, the amendment by section 101(b) [title I, Sec. 119(a)] of
    Pub. L. 105-277, see section 101(b) [title I, Sec. 119(d)] of Pub.
    L. 105-277, set out as a note under section 923 of this title.

                         STUDY BY ATTORNEY GENERAL                     
      Pub. L. 103-322, title XI, Sec. 110104, Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat.
    2000, which provided that the Attorney General was to study the
    effect of subtitle A (Secs. 110101-110106) of title XI of Pub. L.
    103-322 and to report the results of the study to Congress not
    later than 30 months after Sept. 13, 1994, was repealed by Pub. L.
    103-322, title XI, Sec. 110105(2), Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 2000,
    effective 10 years after Sept. 13, 1994.

                  CONGRESSIONAL FINDINGS AND DECLARATION              
      Section 1(b) of Pub. L. 99-308 provided that: "The Congress finds
    that - 
        "(1) the rights of citizens - 
          "(A) to keep and bear arms under the second amendment to the
        United States Constitution;
          "(B) to security against illegal and unreasonable searches
        and seizures under the fourth amendment;
          "(C) against uncompensated taking of property, double
        jeopardy, and assurance of due process of law under the fifth
        amendment; and
          "(D) against unconstitutional exercise of authority under the
        ninth and tenth amendments;
      require additional legislation to correct existing firearms
      statutes and enforcement policies; and
        "(2) additional legislation is required to reaffirm the intent
      of the Congress, as expressed in section 101 of the Gun Control
      Act of 1968 [section 101 of Pub. L. 90-618, set out below], that
      'it is not the purpose of this title to place any undue or
      unnecessary Federal restrictions or burdens on law-abiding
      citizens with respect to the acquisition, possession, or use of
      firearms appropriate to the purpose of hunting, trapshooting,
      target shooting, personal protection, or any other lawful
      activity, and that this title is not intended to discourage or
      eliminate the private ownership or use of firearms by law-abiding
      citizens for lawful purposes.'."
      Section 101 of title I of Pub. L. 90-618 provided that: "The
    Congress hereby declares that the purposes of this title [amending
    this chapter] is to provide support to Federal, State, and local
    law enforcement officials in their fight against crime and
    violence, and it is not the purpose of this title to place any
    undue or unnecessary Federal restrictions or burdens on law-abiding
    citizens with respect to the acquisition, possession, or use of
    firearms appropriate to the purpose of hunting, trapshooting,
    target shooting, personal protection, or any other lawful activity,
    and that this title is not intended to discourage or eliminate the
    private ownership or use of firearms by law-abiding citizens for
    lawful purposes, or provide for the imposition by Federal
    regulations of any procedures or requirements other than those
    reasonably necessary to implement and effectuate the provisions of
    this title."
      Section 901 of title IV of Pub. L. 90-351 provided that:
      "(a) The Congress hereby finds and declares - 
        "(1) that there is a widespread traffic in firearms moving in
      or otherwise affecting interstate or foreign commerce, and that
      the existing Federal controls over such traffic do not adequately
      enable the States to control this traffic within their own
      borders through the exercise of their police power;
        "(2) that the ease with which any person can acquire firearms
      other than a rifle or shotgun (including criminals, juveniles
      without the knowledge or consent of their parents or guardians,
      narcotics addicts, mental defectives, armed groups who would
      supplant the functions of duly constituted public authorities,
      and others whose possession of such weapon is similarly contrary
      to the public interest) is a significant factor in the prevalence
      of lawlessness and violent crime in the United States;
        "(3) that only through adequate Federal control over interstate
      and foreign commerce in these weapons, and over all persons
      engaging in the businesses of importing, manufacturing, or
      dealing in them, can this grave problem be properly dealt with,
      and effective State and local regulation of this traffic be made
      possible;
        "(4) that the acquisition on a mail-order basis of firearms
      other than a rifle or shotgun by nonlicensed individuals, from a
      place other than their State of residence, has materially tended
      to thwart the effectiveness of State laws and regulations, and
      local ordinances;
        "(5) that the sale or other disposition of concealable weapons
      by importers, manufacturers, and dealers holding Federal
      licenses, to nonresidents of the State in which the licensees'
      places of business are located, has tended to make ineffective
      the laws, regulations, and ordinances in the several States and
      local jurisdictions regarding such firearms;
        "(6) that there is a casual relationship between the easy
      availability of firearms other than a rifle or shotgun and
      juvenile and youthful criminal behavior, and that such firearms
      have been widely sold by federally licensed importers and dealers
      to emotionally immature, or thrill-bent juveniles and minors
      prone to criminal behavior;
        "(7) that the United States has become the dumping ground of
      the castoff surplus military weapons of other nations, and that
      such weapons, and the large volume of relatively inexpensive
      pistols and revolvers (largely worthless for sporting purposes),
      imported into the United States in recent years, has contributed
      greatly to lawlessness and to the Nation's law enforcement
      problems;
        "(8) that the lack of adequate Federal control over interstate
      and foreign commerce in highly destructive weapons (such as
      bazookas, mortars, antitank guns, and so forth, and destructive
      devices such as explosive or incendiary grenades, bombs,
      missiles, and so forth) has allowed such weapons and devices to
      fall into the hands of lawless persons, including armed groups
      who would supplant lawful authority, thus creating a problem of
      national concern;
        "(9) that the existing licensing system under the Federal
      Firearms Act [former sections 901 to 910 of Title 15, Commerce
      and Trade] does not provide adequate license fees or proper
      standards for the granting or denial of licenses, and that this
      has led to licenses being issued to persons not reasonably
      entitled thereto, thus distorting the purposes of the licensing
      system.
      "(b) The Congress further hereby declares that the purpose of
    this title [enacting this chapter and repealing sections 901 to 910
    of Title 15, Commerce and Trade] is to cope with the conditions
    referred to in the foregoing subsection, and that it is not the
    purpose of this title [enacting this chapter and repealing sections
    901 to 910 of Title 15] to place any undue or unnecessary Federal
    restrictions or burdens on law-abiding citizens with respect to the
    acquisition, possession, or use of firearms appropriate to the
    purpose of hunting, trap shooting, target shooting, personal
    protection, or any other lawful activity, and that this title
    [enacting this chapter and repealing sections 901 to 910 of Title
    15] is not intended to discourage or eliminate the private
    ownership or use of firearms by law-abiding citizens for lawful
    purposes, or provide for the imposition by Federal regulations of
    any procedures or requirements other than those reasonably
    necessary to implement and effectuate the provisions of this title
    [enacting this chapter and repealing sections 901 to 910 of Title
    15]."

                      ADMINISTRATION AND ENFORCEMENT                  
      Section 103 of title I of Pub. L. 90-618, as amended by Pub. L.
    107-296, title XI, Sec. 1112(s), Nov. 25, 2002, 116 Stat. 2279,
    provided that: "The administration and enforcement of the amendment
    made by this title [amending this chapter] shall be vested in the
    Attorney General."
      Section 903 of title IV of Pub. L. 90-351 provided that: "The
    administration and enforcement of the amendment made by this title
    [enacting this chapter and provisions set out as notes under this
    section] shall be vested in the Secretary of the Treasury [now
    Attorney General]."

                        MODIFICATION OF OTHER LAWS                    
      Section 104 of title I of Pub. L. 90-618, as amended by Pub. L.
    99-514, Sec. 2, Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2095, provided that:
    "Nothing in this title or the amendment made thereby [amending this
    chapter] shall be construed as modifying or affecting any provision
    of - 
        "(a) the National Firearms Act (chapter 53 of the Internal
      Revenue Code of 1986) [section 5801 et seq. of Title 26, Internal
      Revenue Code];
        "(b) section 414 of the Mutual Security Act of 1954 (22 U.S.C.
      1934), as amended, relating to munitions control; or
        "(c) section 1715 of title 18, United States Code, relating to
      nonmailable firearms."
      Section 904 of title IV of Pub. L. 90-351, as amended by Pub. L.
    99-514, Sec. 2, Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2095, provided that:
    "Nothing in this title or amendment made thereby [enacting this
    chapter and provisions set out as notes under this section] shall
    be construed as modifying or affecting any provision of - 
        "(a) the National Firearms Act (chapter 53 of the Internal
      Revenue Code of 1986) [section 5801 et seq. of Title 26, Internal
      Revenue Code]; or
        "(b) section 414 of the Mutual Security Act of 1954 (22 U.S.C.
      1934), as amended, relating to munitions control; or
        "(c) section 1715 of title 18, United States Code, relating to
      nonmailable firearms."


                          DEFINITION OF "HANDGUN"                      
      Section 10 of Pub. L. 99-408 provided that: "For purposes of
    section 921(a)(17)(B) of title 18, United States Code, as added by
    the first section of this Act, 'handgun' means any firearm
    including a pistol or revolver designed to be fired by the use of a
    single hand. The term also includes any combination of parts from
    which a handgun can be assembled."

               

    (footnote 1) So in original. Probably should be followed by a period.

    (footnote 2) So in original. No subparagraph (C) has been enacted.

    (footnote 3) So in original. Probably should not be capitalized.