18 U.S.C. § 1341 : US Code - Section 1341: Frauds and swindles

      Whoever, having devised or intending to devise any scheme or
    artifice to defraud, or for obtaining money or property by means of
    false or fraudulent pretenses, representations, or promises, or to
    sell, dispose of, loan, exchange, alter, give away, distribute,
    supply, or furnish or procure for unlawful use any counterfeit or
    spurious coin, obligation, security, or other article, or anything
    represented to be or intimated or held out to be such counterfeit
    or spurious article, for the purpose of executing such scheme or
    artifice or attempting so to do, places in any post office or
    authorized depository for mail matter, any matter or thing whatever
    to be sent or delivered by the Postal Service, or deposits or
    causes to be deposited any matter or thing whatever to be sent or
    delivered by any private or commercial interstate carrier, or takes
    or receives therefrom, any such matter or thing, or knowingly
    causes to be delivered by mail or such carrier according to the
    direction thereon, or at the place at which it is directed to be
    delivered by the person to whom it is addressed, any such matter or
    thing, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than
    20 years, or both. If the violation occurs in relation to, or
    involving any benefit authorized, transported, transmitted,
    transferred, disbursed, or paid in connection with, a
    presidentially declared major disaster or emergency (as those terms
    are defined in section 102 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster
    Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5122)), or affects a
    financial institution, such person shall be fined not more than
    $1,000,000 or imprisoned not more than 30 years, or both.