18 U.S.C. § 1347 : US Code - Section 1347: Health care fraud

      (a) Whoever knowingly and willfully executes, or attempts to
    execute, a scheme or artifice - 
        (1) to defraud any health care benefit program; or
        (2) to obtain, by means of false or fraudulent pretenses,
      representations, or promises, any of the money or property owned
      by, or under the custody or control of, any health care benefit
      program,

    in connection with the delivery of or payment for health care
    benefits, items, or services, shall be fined under this title or
    imprisoned not more than 10 years, or both. If the violation
    results in serious bodily injury (as defined in section 1365 of
    this title), such person shall be fined under this title or
    imprisoned not more than 20 years, or both; and if the violation
    results in death, such person shall be fined under this title, or
    imprisoned for any term of years or for life, or both.
      (b) With respect to violations of this section, a person need not
    have actual knowledge of this section or specific intent to commit
    a violation of this section.