18 U.S.C. § 1510 : US Code - Section 1510: Obstruction of criminal investigations

Search 18 U.S.C. § 1510 : US Code - Section 1510: Obstruction of criminal investigations

      (a) Whoever willfully endeavors by means of bribery to obstruct,
    delay, or prevent the communication of information relating to a
    violation of any criminal statute of the United States by any
    person to a criminal investigator shall be fined under this title,
    or imprisoned not more than five years, or both.
      (b)(1) Whoever, being an officer of a financial institution, with
    the intent to obstruct a judicial proceeding, directly or
    indirectly notifies any other person about the existence or
    contents of a subpoena for records of that financial institution,
    or information that has been furnished in response to that
    subpoena, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more
    than 5 years, or both.
      (2) Whoever, being an officer of a financial institution,
    directly or indirectly notifies - 
        (A) a customer of that financial institution whose records are
      sought by a subpoena for records; or
        (B) any other person named in that subpoena;

    about the existence or contents of that subpoena or information
    that has been furnished in response to that subpoena, shall be
    fined under this title or imprisoned not more than one year, or
    both.
      (3) As used in this subsection - 
        (A) the term "an officer of a financial institution" means an
      officer, director, partner, employee, agent, or attorney of or
      for a financial institution; and
        (B) the term "subpoena for records" means a Federal grand jury
      subpoena or a Department of Justice subpoena (issued under
      section 3486 of title 18), for customer records that has been
      served relating to a violation of, or a conspiracy to violate - 
          (i) section 215, 656, 657, 1005, 1006, 1007, 1014, 1344,
        1956, 1957, or chapter 53 of title 31; or
          (ii) section 1341 or 1343 affecting a financial institution.

      (c) As used in this section, the term "criminal investigator"
    means any individual duly authorized by a department, agency, or
    armed force of the United States to conduct or engage in
    investigations of or prosecutions for violations of the criminal
    laws of the United States.
      (d)(1) Whoever - 
        (A) acting as, or being, an officer, director, agent or
      employee of a person engaged in the business of insurance whose
      activities affect interstate commerce, or
        (B) is engaged in the business of insurance whose activities
      affect interstate commerce or is involved (other than as an
      insured or beneficiary under a policy of insurance) in a
      transaction relating to the conduct of affairs of such a
      business,

    with intent to obstruct a judicial proceeding, directly or
    indirectly notifies any other person about the existence or
    contents of a subpoena for records of that person engaged in such
    business or information that has been furnished to a Federal grand
    jury in response to that subpoena, shall be fined as provided by
    this title or imprisoned not more than 5 years, or both.
      (2) As used in paragraph (1), the term "subpoena for records"
    means a Federal grand jury subpoena for records that has been
    served relating to a violation of, or a conspiracy to violate,
    section 1033 of this title.
      (e) Whoever, having been notified of the applicable disclosure
    prohibitions or confidentiality requirements of section 2709(c)(1)
    of this title, section 626(d)(1) or 627(c)(1) of the Fair Credit
    Reporting Act (15 U.S.C. 1681u(d)(1) or 1681v(c)(1)), section
    1114(a)(3)(A) or 1114(a)(5)(D)(i) of the Right to Financial Privacy
    Act (!1) (12 U.S.C. 3414(a)(3)(A) or 3414(a)(5)(D)(i)), or section
    802(b)(1) of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C.
    436(b)(1)), knowingly and with the intent to obstruct an
    investigation or judicial proceeding violates such prohibitions or
    requirements applicable by law to such person shall be imprisoned
    for not more than five years, fined under this title, or both.