18 U.S.C. § 1956 : US Code - Section 1956: Laundering of monetary instruments

      (a)(1) Whoever, knowing that the property involved in a financial
    transaction represents the proceeds of some form of unlawful
    activity, conducts or attempts to conduct such a financial
    transaction which in fact involves the proceeds of specified
    unlawful activity - 
        (A)(i) with the intent to promote the carrying on of specified
      unlawful activity; or
        (ii) with intent to engage in conduct constituting a violation
      of section 7201 or 7206 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986; or
        (B) knowing that the transaction is designed in whole or in
      part - 
          (i) to conceal or disguise the nature, the location, the
        source, the ownership, or the control of the proceeds of
        specified unlawful activity; or
          (ii) to avoid a transaction reporting requirement under State
        or Federal law,

    shall be sentenced to a fine of not more than $500,000 or twice the
    value of the property involved in the transaction, whichever is
    greater, or imprisonment for not more than twenty years, or both.
    For purposes of this paragraph, a financial transaction shall be
    considered to be one involving the proceeds of specified unlawful
    activity if it is part of a set of parallel or dependent
    transactions, any one of which involves the proceeds of specified
    unlawful activity, and all of which are part of a single plan or
    arrangement.
      (2) Whoever transports, transmits, or transfers, or attempts to
    transport, transmit, or transfer a monetary instrument or funds
    from a place in the United States to or through a place outside the
    United States or to a place in the United States from or through a
    place outside the United States - 
        (A) with the intent to promote the carrying on of specified
      unlawful activity; or
        (B) knowing that the monetary instrument or funds involved in
      the transportation, transmission, or transfer represent the
      proceeds of some form of unlawful activity and knowing that such
      transportation, transmission, or transfer is designed in whole or
      in part - 
          (i) to conceal or disguise the nature, the location, the
        source, the ownership, or the control of the proceeds of
        specified unlawful activity; or
          (ii) to avoid a transaction reporting requirement under State
        or Federal law,

    shall be sentenced to a fine of not more than $500,000 or twice the
    value of the monetary instrument or funds involved in the
    transportation, transmission, or transfer, whichever is greater, or
    imprisonment for not more than twenty years, or both. For the
    purpose of the offense described in subparagraph (B), the
    defendant's knowledge may be established by proof that a law
    enforcement officer represented the matter specified in
    subparagraph (B) as true, and the defendant's subsequent statements
    or actions indicate that the defendant believed such
    representations to be true.
      (3) Whoever, with the intent - 
        (A) to promote the carrying on of specified unlawful activity;
        (B) to conceal or disguise the nature, location, source,
      ownership, or control of property believed to be the proceeds of
      specified unlawful activity; or
        (C) to avoid a transaction reporting requirement under State or
      Federal law,

    conducts or attempts to conduct a financial transaction involving
    property represented to be the proceeds of specified unlawful
    activity, or property used to conduct or facilitate specified
    unlawful activity, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned
    for not more than 20 years, or both. For purposes of this paragraph
    and paragraph (2), the term "represented" means any representation
    made by a law enforcement officer or by another person at the
    direction of, or with the approval of, a Federal official
    authorized to investigate or prosecute violations of this section.
      (b) Penalties. - 
        (1) In general. - Whoever conducts or attempts to conduct a
      transaction described in subsection (a)(1) or (a)(3), or section
      1957, or a transportation, transmission, or transfer described in
      subsection (a)(2), is liable to the United States for a civil
      penalty of not more than the greater of - 
          (A) the value of the property, funds, or monetary instruments
        involved in the transaction; or
          (B) $10,000.

        (2) Jurisdiction over foreign persons. - For purposes of
      adjudicating an action filed or enforcing a penalty ordered under
      this section, the district courts shall have jurisdiction over
      any foreign person, including any financial institution
      authorized under the laws of a foreign country, against whom the
      action is brought, if service of process upon the foreign person
      is made under the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure or the laws of
      the country in which the foreign person is found, and - 
          (A) the foreign person commits an offense under subsection
        (a) involving a financial transaction that occurs in whole or
        in part in the United States;
          (B) the foreign person converts, to his or her own use,
        property in which the United States has an ownership interest
        by virtue of the entry of an order of forfeiture by a court of
        the United States; or
          (C) the foreign person is a financial institution that
        maintains a bank account at a financial institution in the
        United States.

        (3) Court authority over assets. - A court may issue a pretrial
      restraining order or take any other action necessary to ensure
      that any bank account or other property held by the defendant in
      the United States is available to satisfy a judgment under this
      section.
        (4) Federal receiver. - 
          (A) In general. - A court may appoint a Federal Receiver, in
        accordance with subparagraph (B) of this paragraph, to collect,
        marshal, and take custody, control, and possession of all
        assets of the defendant, wherever located, to satisfy a civil
        judgment under this subsection, a forfeiture judgment under
        section 981 or 982, or a criminal sentence under section 1957
        or subsection (a) of this section, including an order of
        restitution to any victim of a specified unlawful activity.
          (B) Appointment and authority. - A Federal Receiver described
        in subparagraph (A) - 
            (i) may be appointed upon application of a Federal
          prosecutor or a Federal or State regulator, by the court
          having jurisdiction over the defendant in the case;
            (ii) shall be an officer of the court, and the powers of
          the Federal Receiver shall include the powers set out in
          section 754 of title 28, United States Code; and
            (iii) shall have standing equivalent to that of a Federal
          prosecutor for the purpose of submitting requests to obtain
          information regarding the assets of the defendant - 
              (I) from the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network of the
            Department of the Treasury; or
              (II) from a foreign country pursuant to a mutual legal
            assistance treaty, multilateral agreement, or other
            arrangement for international law enforcement assistance,
            provided that such requests are in accordance with the
            policies and procedures of the Attorney General.

      (c) As used in this section - 
        (1) the term "knowing that the property involved in a financial
      transaction represents the proceeds of some form of unlawful
      activity" means that the person knew the property involved in the
      transaction represented proceeds from some form, though not
      necessarily which form, of activity that constitutes a felony
      under State, Federal, or foreign law, regardless of whether or
      not such activity is specified in paragraph (7);
        (2) the term "conducts" includes initiating, concluding, or
      participating in initiating, or concluding a transaction;
        (3) the term "transaction" includes a purchase, sale, loan,
      pledge, gift, transfer, delivery, or other disposition, and with
      respect to a financial institution includes a deposit,
      withdrawal, transfer between accounts, exchange of currency,
      loan, extension of credit, purchase or sale of any stock, bond,
      certificate of deposit, or other monetary instrument, use of a
      safe deposit box, or any other payment, transfer, or delivery by,
      through, or to a financial institution, by whatever means
      effected;
        (4) the term "financial transaction" means (A) a transaction
      which in any way or degree affects interstate or foreign commerce
      (i) involving the movement of funds by wire or other means or
      (ii) involving one or more monetary instruments, or (iii)
      involving the transfer of title to any real property, vehicle,
      vessel, or aircraft, or (B) a transaction involving the use of a
      financial institution which is engaged in, or the activities of
      which affect, interstate or foreign commerce in any way or
      degree;
        (5) the term "monetary instruments" means (i) coin or currency
      of the United States or of any other country, travelers' checks,
      personal checks, bank checks, and money orders, or (ii)
      investment securities or negotiable instruments, in bearer form
      or otherwise in such form that title thereto passes upon
      delivery;
        (6) the term "financial institution" includes - 
          (A) any financial institution, as defined in section
        5312(a)(2) of title 31, United States Code, or the regulations
        promulgated thereunder; and
          (B) any foreign bank, as defined in section 1 of the
        International Banking Act of 1978 (12 U.S.C. 3101);

        (7) the term "specified unlawful activity" means - 
          (A) any act or activity constituting an offense listed in
        section 1961(1) of this title except an act which is indictable
        under subchapter II of chapter 53 of title 31;
          (B) with respect to a financial transaction occurring in
        whole or in part in the United States, an offense against a
        foreign nation involving - 
            (i) the manufacture, importation, sale, or distribution of
          a controlled substance (as such term is defined for the
          purposes of the Controlled Substances Act);
            (ii) murder, kidnapping, robbery, extortion, destruction of
          property by means of explosive or fire, or a crime of
          violence (as defined in section 16);
            (iii) fraud, or any scheme or attempt to defraud, by or
          against a foreign bank (as defined in paragraph 7 of section
          1(b) of the International Banking Act of 1978)); (!1)

            (iv) bribery of a public official, or the misappropriation,
          theft, or embezzlement of public funds by or for the benefit
          of a public official;
            (v) smuggling or export control violations involving - 
              (I) an item controlled on the United States Munitions
            List established under section 38 of the Arms Export
            Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2778); or
              (II) an item controlled under regulations under the
            Export Administration Regulations (15 C.F.R. Parts 730-
            774);

            (vi) an offense with respect to which the United States
          would be obligated by a multilateral treaty, either to
          extradite the alleged offender or to submit the case for
          prosecution, if the offender were found within the territory
          of the United States; or
            (vii) trafficking in persons, selling or buying of
          children, sexual exploitation of children, or transporting,
          recruiting or harboring a person, including a child, for
          commercial sex acts;

          (C) any act or acts constituting a continuing criminal
        enterprise, as that term is defined in section 408 of the
        Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 848);
          (D) an offense under section 32 (relating to the destruction
        of aircraft), section 37 (relating to violence at international
        airports), section 115 (relating to influencing, impeding, or
        retaliating against a Federal official by threatening or
        injuring a family member), section 152 (relating to concealment
        of assets; false oaths and claims; bribery), section 175c
        (relating to the variola virus), section 215 (relating to
        commissions or gifts for procuring loans), section 351
        (relating to congressional or Cabinet officer assassination),
        any of sections 500 through 503 (relating to certain
        counterfeiting offenses), section 513 (relating to securities
        of States and private entities), section 541 (relating to goods
        falsely classified), section 542 (relating to entry of goods by
        means of false statements), section 545 (relating to smuggling
        goods into the United States), section 549 (relating to
        removing goods from Customs custody), section 554 (relating to
        smuggling goods from the United States), section 641 (relating
        to public money, property, or records), section 656 (relating
        to theft, embezzlement, or misapplication by bank officer or
        employee), section 657 (relating to lending, credit, and
        insurance institutions), section 658 (relating to property
        mortgaged or pledged to farm credit agencies), section 666
        (relating to theft or bribery concerning programs receiving
        Federal funds), section 793, 794, or 798 (relating to
        espionage), section 831 (relating to prohibited transactions
        involving nuclear materials), section 844(f) or (i) (relating
        to destruction by explosives or fire of Government property or
        property affecting interstate or foreign commerce), section 875
        (relating to interstate communications), section 922(l)
        (relating to the unlawful importation of firearms), section
        924(n) (relating to firearms trafficking), section 956
        (relating to conspiracy to kill, kidnap, maim, or injure
        certain property in a foreign country), section 1005 (relating
        to fraudulent bank entries), 1006 (!2) (relating to fraudulent
        Federal credit institution entries), 1007 (!2) (relating to
        Federal Deposit Insurance transactions), 1014 (!2) (relating to
        fraudulent loan or credit applications), section 1030 (relating
        to computer fraud and abuse), 1032 (!2) (relating to
        concealment of assets from conservator, receiver, or
        liquidating agent of financial institution), section 1111
        (relating to murder), section 1114 (relating to murder of
        United States law enforcement officials), section 1116
        (relating to murder of foreign officials, official guests, or
        internationally protected persons), section 1201 (relating to
        kidnaping), section 1203 (relating to hostage taking), section
        1361 (relating to willful injury of Government property),
        section 1363 (relating to destruction of property within the
        special maritime and territorial jurisdiction), section 1708
        (theft from the mail), section 1751 (relating to Presidential
        assassination), section 2113 or 2114 (relating to bank and
        postal robbery and theft), section 2252A (relating to child
        pornography) where the child pornography contains a visual
        depiction of an actual minor engaging in sexually explicit
        conduct, section 2260 (production of certain child pornography
        for importation into the United States), section 2280 (relating
        to violence against maritime navigation), section 2281
        (relating to violence against maritime fixed platforms),
        section 2319 (relating to copyright infringement), section 2320
        (relating to trafficking in counterfeit goods and services),
        section 2332 (relating to terrorist acts abroad against United
        States nationals), section 2332a (relating to use of weapons of
        mass destruction), section 2332b (relating to international
        terrorist acts transcending national boundaries), section 2332g
        (relating to missile systems designed to destroy aircraft),
        section 2332h (relating to radiological dispersal devices),
        section 2339A or 2339B (relating to providing material support
        to terrorists), section 2339C (relating to financing of
        terrorism), or section 2339D (relating to receiving military-
        type training from a foreign terrorist organization) of this
        title, section 46502 of title 49, United States Code, a felony
        violation of the Chemical Diversion and Trafficking Act of 1988
        (relating to precursor and essential chemicals), section 590 of
        the Tariff Act of 1930 (19 U.S.C. 1590) (relating to aviation
        smuggling), section 422 of the Controlled Substances Act
        (relating to transportation of drug paraphernalia), section
        38(c) (relating to criminal violations) of the Arms Export
        Control Act, section 11 (relating to violations) of the Export
        Administration Act of 1979, section 206 (relating to penalties)
        of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act, section 16
        (relating to offenses and punishment) of the Trading with the
        Enemy Act, any felony violation of section 15 of the Food and
        Nutrition Act of 2008 (relating to supplemental nutrition
        assistance program benefits fraud) involving a quantity of
        benefits having a value of not less than $5,000, any violation
        of section 543(a)(1) of the Housing Act of 1949 (relating to
        equity skimming), any felony violation of the Foreign Agents
        Registration Act of 1938, any felony violation of the Foreign
        Corrupt Practices Act, or section 92 of the Atomic Energy Act
        of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2122) (relating to prohibitions governing
        atomic weapons) (!3)



                           ENVIRONMENTAL CRIMES                       
          (E) a felony violation of the Federal Water Pollution Control
        Act (33 U.S.C. 1251 et seq.), the Ocean Dumping Act (33 U.S.C.
        1401 et seq.), the Act to Prevent Pollution from Ships (33
        U.S.C. 1901 et seq.), the Safe Drinking Water Act (42 U.S.C.
        300f et seq.), or the Resources Conservation and Recovery Act
        (42 U.S.C. 6901 et seq.); or
          (F) any act or activity constituting an offense involving a
        Federal health care offense;

        (8) the term "State" includes a State of the United States, the
      District of Columbia, and any commonwealth, territory, or
      possession of the United States; and
        (9) the term "proceeds" means any property derived from or
      obtained or retained, directly or indirectly, through some form
      of unlawful activity, including the gross receipts of such
      activity.

      (d) Nothing in this section shall supersede any provision of
    Federal, State, or other law imposing criminal penalties or
    affording civil remedies in addition to those provided for in this
    section.
      (e) Violations of this section may be investigated by such
    components of the Department of Justice as the Attorney General may
    direct, and by such components of the Department of the Treasury as
    the Secretary of the Treasury may direct, as appropriate, and, with
    respect to offenses over which the Department of Homeland Security
    has jurisdiction, by such components of the Department of Homeland
    Security as the Secretary of Homeland Security may direct, and,
    with respect to offenses over which the United States Postal
    Service has jurisdiction, by the Postal Service. Such authority of
    the Secretary of the Treasury, the Secretary of Homeland Security,
    and the Postal Service shall be exercised in accordance with an
    agreement which shall be entered into by the Secretary of the
    Treasury, the Secretary of Homeland Security, the Postal Service,
    and the Attorney General. Violations of this section involving
    offenses described in paragraph (c)(7)(E) may be investigated by
    such components of the Department of Justice as the Attorney
    General may direct, and the National Enforcement Investigations
    Center of the Environmental Protection Agency.
      (f) There is extraterritorial jurisdiction over the conduct
    prohibited by this section if - 
        (1) the conduct is by a United States citizen or, in the case
      of a non-United States citizen, the conduct occurs in part in the
      United States; and
        (2) the transaction or series of related transactions involves
      funds or monetary instruments of a value exceeding $10,000.

      (g) Notice of Conviction of Financial Institutions. - If any
    financial institution or any officer, director, or employee of any
    financial institution has been found guilty of an offense under
    this section, section 1957 or 1960 of this title, or section 5322
    or 5324 of title 31, the Attorney General shall provide written
    notice of such fact to the appropriate regulatory agency for the
    financial institution.
      (h) Any person who conspires to commit any offense defined in
    this section or section 1957 shall be subject to the same penalties
    as those prescribed for the offense the commission of which was the
    object of the conspiracy.
      (i) Venue. - (1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), a
    prosecution for an offense under this section or section 1957 may
    be brought in - 
        (A) any district in which the financial or monetary transaction
      is conducted; or
        (B) any district where a prosecution for the underlying
      specified unlawful activity could be brought, if the defendant
      participated in the transfer of the proceeds of the specified
      unlawful activity from that district to the district where the
      financial or monetary transaction is conducted.

      (2) A prosecution for an attempt or conspiracy offense under this
    section or section 1957 may be brought in the district where venue
    would lie for the completed offense under paragraph (1), or in any
    other district where an act in furtherance of the attempt or
    conspiracy took place.
      (3) For purposes of this section, a transfer of funds from 1
    place to another, by wire or any other means, shall constitute a
    single, continuing transaction. Any person who conducts (as that
    term is defined in subsection (c)(2)) any portion of the
    transaction may be charged in any district in which the transaction
    takes place.