18 U.S.C. § 1961 : US Code - Section 1961: Definitions

Search 18 U.S.C. § 1961 : US Code - Section 1961: Definitions

      As used in this chapter - 
        (1) "racketeering activity" means (A) any act or threat
      involving murder, kidnapping, gambling, arson, robbery, bribery,
      extortion, dealing in obscene matter, or dealing in a controlled
      substance or listed chemical (as defined in section 102 of the
      Controlled Substances Act), which is chargeable under State law
      and punishable by imprisonment for more than one year; (B) any
      act which is indictable under any of the following provisions of
      title 18, United States Code: Section 201 (relating to bribery),
      section 224 (relating to sports bribery), sections 471, 472, and
      473 (relating to counterfeiting), section 659 (relating to theft
      from interstate shipment) if the act indictable under section 659
      is felonious, section 664 (relating to embezzlement from pension
      and welfare funds), sections 891-894 (relating to extortionate
      credit transactions), section 1028 (relating to fraud and related
      activity in connection with identification documents), section
      1029 (relating to fraud and related activity in connection with
      access devices), section 1084 (relating to the transmission of
      gambling information), section 1341 (relating to mail fraud),
      section 1343 (relating to wire fraud), section 1344 (relating to
      financial institution fraud), section 1425 (relating to the
      procurement of citizenship or nationalization unlawfully),
      section 1426 (relating to the reproduction of naturalization or
      citizenship papers), section 1427 (relating to the sale of
      naturalization or citizenship papers), sections 1461-1465
      (relating to obscene matter), section 1503 (relating to
      obstruction of justice), section 1510 (relating to obstruction of
      criminal investigations), section 1511 (relating to the
      obstruction of State or local law enforcement), section 1512
      (relating to tampering with a witness, victim, or an informant),
      section 1513 (relating to retaliating against a witness, victim,
      or an informant), section 1542 (relating to false statement in
      application and use of passport), section 1543 (relating to
      forgery or false use of passport), section 1544 (relating to
      misuse of passport), section 1546 (relating to fraud and misuse
      of visas, permits, and other documents), sections 1581-1592
      (relating to peonage, slavery, and trafficking in persons).,(!1)
      section 1951 (relating to interference with commerce, robbery, or
      extortion), section 1952 (relating to racketeering), section 1953
      (relating to interstate transportation of wagering
      paraphernalia), section 1954 (relating to unlawful welfare fund
      payments), section 1955 (relating to the prohibition of illegal
      gambling businesses), section 1956 (relating to the laundering of
      monetary instruments), section 1957 (relating to engaging in
      monetary transactions in property derived from specified unlawful
      activity), section 1958 (relating to use of interstate commerce
      facilities in the commission of murder-for-hire), section 1960
      (relating to illegal money transmitters), sections 2251, 2251A,
      2252, and 2260 (relating to sexual exploitation of children),
      sections 2312 and 2313 (relating to interstate transportation of
      stolen motor vehicles), sections 2314 and 2315 (relating to
      interstate transportation of stolen property), section 2318
      (relating to trafficking in counterfeit labels for phonorecords,
      computer programs or computer program documentation or packaging
      and copies of motion pictures or other audiovisual works),
      section 2319 (relating to criminal infringement of a copyright),
      section 2319A (relating to unauthorized fixation of and
      trafficking in sound recordings and music videos of live musical
      performances), section 2320 (relating to trafficking in goods or
      services bearing counterfeit marks), section 2321 (relating to
      trafficking in certain motor vehicles or motor vehicle parts),
      sections 2341-2346 (relating to trafficking in contraband
      cigarettes), sections 2421-24 (relating to white slave traffic),
      sections 175-178 (relating to biological weapons), sections 229-
      229F (relating to chemical weapons), section 831 (relating to
      nuclear materials), (C) any act which is indictable under title
      29, United States Code, section 186 (dealing with restrictions on
      payments and loans to labor organizations) or section 501(c)
      (relating to embezzlement from union funds), (D) any offense
      involving fraud connected with a case under title 11 (except a
      case under section 157 of this title), fraud in the sale of
      securities, or the felonious manufacture, importation, receiving,
      concealment, buying, selling, or otherwise dealing in a
      controlled substance or listed chemical (as defined in section
      102 of the Controlled Substances Act), punishable under any law
      of the United States, (E) any act which is indictable under the
      Currency and Foreign Transactions Reporting Act, (F) any act
      which is indictable under the Immigration and Nationality Act,
      section 274 (relating to bringing in and harboring certain
      aliens), section 277 (relating to aiding or assisting certain
      aliens to enter the United States), or section 278 (relating to
      importation of alien for immoral purpose) if the act indictable
      under such section of such Act was committed for the purpose of
      financial gain, or (G) any act that is indictable under any
      provision listed in section 2332b(g)(5)(B);

        (2) "State" means any State of the United States, the District
      of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, any territory or
      possession of the United States, any political subdivision, or
      any department, agency, or instrumentality thereof;
        (3) "person" includes any individual or entity capable of
      holding a legal or beneficial interest in property;
        (4) "enterprise" includes any individual, partnership,
      corporation, association, or other legal entity, and any union or
      group of individuals associated in fact although not a legal
      entity;
        (5) "pattern of racketeering activity" requires at least two
      acts of racketeering activity, one of which occurred after the
      effective date of this chapter and the last of which occurred
      within ten years (excluding any period of imprisonment) after the
      commission of a prior act of racketeering activity;
        (6) "unlawful debt" means a debt (A) incurred or contracted in
      gambling activity which was in violation of the law of the United
      States, a State or political subdivision thereof, or which is
      unenforceable under State or Federal law in whole or in part as
      to principal or interest because of the laws relating to usury,
      and (B) which was incurred in connection with the business of
      gambling in violation of the law of the United States, a State or
      political subdivision thereof, or the business of lending money
      or a thing of value at a rate usurious under State or Federal
      law, where the usurious rate is at least twice the enforceable
      rate;
        (7) "racketeering investigator" means any attorney or
      investigator so designated by the Attorney General and charged
      with the duty of enforcing or carrying into effect this chapter;
        (8) "racketeering investigation" means any inquiry conducted by
      any racketeering investigator for the purpose of ascertaining
      whether any person has been involved in any violation of this
      chapter or of any final order, judgment, or decree of any court
      of the United States, duly entered in any case or proceeding
      arising under this chapter;
        (9) "documentary material" includes any book, paper, document,
      record, recording, or other material; and
        (10) "Attorney General" includes the Attorney General of the
      United States, the Deputy Attorney General of the United States,
      the Associate Attorney General of the United States, any
      Assistant Attorney General of the United States, or any employee
      of the Department of Justice or any employee of any department or
      agency of the United States so designated by the Attorney General
      to carry out the powers conferred on the Attorney General by this
      chapter. Any department or agency so designated may use in
      investigations authorized by this chapter either the
      investigative provisions of this chapter or the investigative
      power of such department or agency otherwise conferred by law.