18 U.S.C. § 3056 : US Code - Section 3056: Powers, authorities, and duties of United States Secret Service

Search 18 U.S.C. § 3056 : US Code - Section 3056: Powers, authorities, and duties of United States Secret Service

      (a) Under the direction of the Secretary of Homeland Security,
    the United States Secret Service is authorized to protect the
    following persons:
        (1) The President, the Vice President (or other officer next in
      the order of succession to the Office of President), the
      President-elect, and the Vice President-elect.
        (2) The immediate families of those individuals listed in
      paragraph (1).
        (3) Former Presidents and their spouses for their lifetimes,
      except that protection of a spouse shall terminate in the event
      of remarriage unless the former President did not serve as
      President prior to January 1, 1997, in which case, former
      Presidents and their spouses for a period of not more than ten
      years from the date a former President leaves office, except that
      - 
          (A) protection of a spouse shall terminate in the event of
        remarriage or the divorce from, or death of a former President;
        and
          (B) should the death of a President occur while in office or
        within one year after leaving office, the spouse shall receive
        protection for one year from the time of such death:

      Provided, That the Secretary of Homeland Security shall have the
      authority to direct the Secret Service to provide temporary
      protection for any of these individuals at any time if the
      Secretary of Homeland Security or designee determines that
      information or conditions warrant such protection.
        (4) Children of a former President who are under 16 years of
      age for a period not to exceed ten years or upon the child
      becoming 16 years of age, whichever comes first.
        (5) Visiting heads of foreign states or foreign governments.
        (6) Other distinguished foreign visitors to the United States
      and official representatives of the United States performing
      special missions abroad when the President directs that such
      protection be provided.
        (7) Major Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates and,
      within 120 days of the general Presidential election, the spouses
      of such candidates. As used in this paragraph, the term "major
      Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates" means those
      individuals identified as such by the Secretary of Homeland
      Security after consultation with an advisory committee consisting
      of the Speaker of the House of Representatives, the minority
      leader of the House of Representatives, the majority and minority
      leaders of the Senate, and one additional member selected by the
      other members of the committee. The Committee shall not be
      subject to the Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App. 2).
        (8) Former Vice Presidents, their spouses, and their children
      who are under 16 years of age, for a period of not more than six
      months after the date the former Vice President leaves office.
      The Secretary of Homeland Security shall have the authority to
      direct the Secret Service to provide temporary protection for any
      of these individuals at any time thereafter if the Secretary of
      Homeland Security or designee determines that information or
      conditions warrant such protection.

    The protection authorized in paragraphs (2) through (8) may be
    declined.
      (b) Under the direction of the Secretary of Homeland Security,
    the Secret Service is authorized to detect and arrest any person
    who violates - 
        (1) section 508, 509, 510, 871, or 879 of this title or, with
      respect to the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, Federal
      land banks, and Federal land bank associations, section 213,
      216,(!1) 433, 493, 657, 709, 1006, 1007, 1011, 1013, 1014, 1907,
      or 1909 of this title;

        (2) any of the laws of the United States relating to coins,
      obligations, and securities of the United States and of foreign
      governments; or
        (3) any of the laws of the United States relating to electronic
      fund transfer frauds, access device frauds, false identification
      documents or devices, and any fraud or other criminal or unlawful
      activity in or against any federally insured financial
      institution; except that the authority conferred by this
      paragraph shall be exercised subject to the agreement of the
      Attorney General and the Secretary of Homeland Security and shall
      not affect the authority of any other Federal law enforcement
      agency with respect to those laws.

      (c)(1) Under the direction of the Secretary of Homeland Security,
    officers and agents of the Secret Service are authorized to - 
        (A) execute warrants issued under the laws of the United
      States;
        (B) carry firearms;
        (C) make arrests without warrant for any offense against the
      United States committed in their presence, or for any felony
      cognizable under the laws of the United States if they have
      reasonable grounds to believe that the person to be arrested has
      committed or is committing such felony;
        (D) offer and pay rewards for services and information leading
      to the apprehension of persons involved in the violation or
      potential violation of those provisions of law which the Secret
      Service is authorized to enforce;
        (E) pay expenses for unforeseen emergencies of a confidential
      nature under the direction of the Secretary of Homeland Security
      and accounted for solely on the Secretary's certificate; and
        (F) perform such other functions and duties as are authorized
      by law.

      (2) Funds expended from appropriations available to the Secret
    Service for the purchase of counterfeits and subsequently recovered
    shall be reimbursed to the appropriations available to the Secret
    Service at the time of the reimbursement.
      (d) Whoever knowingly and willfully obstructs, resists, or
    interferes with a Federal law enforcement agent engaged in the
    performance of the protective functions authorized by this section
    or by section 1752 of this title shall be fined not more than
    $1,000 or imprisoned not more than one year, or both.
      (e)(1) When directed by the President, the United States Secret
    Service is authorized to participate, under the direction of the
    Secretary of Homeland Security, in the planning, coordination, and
    implementation of security operations at special events of national
    significance, as determined by the President.
      (2) At the end of each fiscal year, the President through such
    agency or office as the President may designate, shall report to
    the Congress - 
        (A) what events, if any, were designated special events of
      national significance for security purposes under paragraph (1);
      and
        (B) the criteria and information used in making each
      designation.

      (f) Under the direction of the Secretary of Homeland Security,
    the Secret Service is authorized, at the request of any State or
    local law enforcement agency, or at the request of the National
    Center for Missing and Exploited Children, to provide forensic and
    investigative assistance in support of any investigation involving
    missing or exploited children.
      (g) The United States Secret Service shall be maintained as a
    distinct entity within the Department of Homeland Security and
    shall not be merged with any other Department function. No
    personnel and operational elements of the United States Secret
    Service shall report to an individual other than the Director of
    the United States Secret Service, who shall report directly to the
    Secretary of Homeland Security without being required to report
    through any other official of the Department.