18 U.S.C. § 3162 : US Code - Section 3162: Sanctions

      (a)(1) If, in the case of any individual against whom a complaint
    is filed charging such individual with an offense, no indictment or
    information is filed within the time limit required by section
    3161(b) as extended by section 3161(h) of this chapter, such charge
    against that individual contained in such complaint shall be
    dismissed or otherwise dropped. In determining whether to dismiss
    the case with or without prejudice, the court shall consider, among
    others, each of the following factors: the seriousness of the
    offense; the facts and circumstances of the case which led to the
    dismissal; and the impact of a reprosecution on the administration
    of this chapter and on the administration of justice.
      (2) If a defendant is not brought to trial within the time limit
    required by section 3161(c) as extended by section 3161(h), the
    information or indictment shall be dismissed on motion of the
    defendant. The defendant shall have the burden of proof of
    supporting such motion but the Government shall have the burden of
    going forward with the evidence in connection with any exclusion of
    time under subparagraph 3161(h)(3). In determining whether to
    dismiss the case with or without prejudice, the court shall
    consider, among others, each of the following factors: the
    seriousness of the offense; the facts and circumstances of the case
    which led to the dismissal; and the impact of a reprosecution on
    the administration of this chapter and on the administration of
    justice. Failure of the defendant to move for dismissal prior to
    trial or entry of a plea of guilty or nolo contendere shall
    constitute a waiver of the right to dismissal under this section.
      (b) In any case in which counsel for the defendant or the
    attorney for the Government (1) knowingly allows the case to be set
    for trial without disclosing the fact that a necessary witness
    would be unavailable for trial; (2) files a motion solely for the
    purpose of delay which he knows is totally frivolous and without
    merit; (3) makes a statement for the purpose of obtaining a
    continuance which he knows to be false and which is material to the
    granting of a continuance; or (4) otherwise willfully fails to
    proceed to trial without justification consistent with section 3161
    of this chapter, the court may punish any such counsel or attorney,
    as follows:
        (A) in the case of an appointed defense counsel, by reducing
      the amount of compensation that otherwise would have been paid to
      such counsel pursuant to section 3006A of this title in an amount
      not to exceed 25 per centum thereof;
        (B) in the case of a counsel retained in connection with the
      defense of a defendant, by imposing on such counsel a fine of not
      to exceed 25 per centum of the compensation to which he is
      entitled in connection with his defense of such defendant;
        (C) by imposing on any attorney for the Government a fine of
      not to exceed $250;
        (D) by denying any such counsel or attorney for the Government
      the right to practice before the court considering such case for
      a period of not to exceed ninety days; or
        (E) by filing a report with an appropriate disciplinary
      committee.

    The authority to punish provided for by this subsection shall be in
    addition to any other authority or power available to such court.
      (c) The court shall follow procedures established in the Federal
    Rules of Criminal Procedure in punishing any counsel or attorney
    for the Government pursuant to this section.