20 U.S.C. § 1122 : US Code - Section 1122: Graduate and undergraduate language and area centers and programs

    (a) National language and area centers and programs authorized
      (1) Centers and programs
        (A) In general
          The Secretary is authorized to make grants to institutions of
        higher education or consortia of such institutions for the
        purpose of establishing, strengthening, and operating - 
            (i) comprehensive foreign language and area or
          international studies centers and programs; and
            (ii) a diverse network of undergraduate foreign language
          and area or international studies centers and programs.
        (B) National resources
          The centers and programs referred to in paragraph (1) shall
        be national resources for - 
            (i) teaching of any modern foreign language;
            (ii) instruction in fields needed to provide full
          understanding of areas, regions, or countries in which such
          language is commonly used;
            (iii) research and training in international studies, and
          the international and foreign language aspects of
          professional and other fields of study; and
            (iv) instruction and research on issues in world affairs
          that concern one or more countries.
      (2) Authorized activities
        Any such grant may be used to pay all or part of the cost of
      establishing or operating a center or program, including the cost
      of - 
          (A) teaching and research materials;
          (B) curriculum planning and development;
          (C) establishing and maintaining linkages with overseas
        institutions of higher education and other organizations that
        may contribute to the teaching and research of the center or
        program;
          (D) bringing visiting scholars and faculty to the center to
        teach or to conduct research;
          (E) professional development of the center's faculty and
        staff;
          (F) projects conducted in cooperation with other centers
        addressing themes of world regional, cross-regional,
        international, or global importance;
          (G) summer institutes in the United States or abroad designed
        to provide language and area training in the center's field or
        topic;
          (H) support for faculty, staff, and student travel in foreign
        areas, regions, or countries, and for the development and
        support of educational programs abroad for students;
          (I) supporting instructors of the less commonly taught
        languages; and
          (J) projects that support students in the science,
        technology, engineering, and mathematics fields to achieve
        foreign language proficiency.
      (3) Grants to maintain library collections
        The Secretary may make grants to centers described in paragraph
      (1) having important library collections, as determined by the
      Secretary, for the maintenance of such collections.
      (4) Outreach grants and summer institutes
        The Secretary may make additional grants to centers described
      in paragraph (1) for any one or more of the following purposes:
          (A) Programs of linkage or outreach between foreign language,
        area studies, or other international fields, and professional
        schools and colleges.
          (B) Programs of linkage or outreach with 2- and 4-year
        colleges and universities.
          (C) Programs of linkage or outreach between or among - 
            (i) postsecondary programs or departments in foreign
          language, area studies, or other international fields; and
            (ii) State educational agencies or local educational
          agencies.

          (D) Partnerships or programs of linkage and outreach with
        departments or agencies of Federal and State governments,
        including Federal or State scholarship programs for students in
        related areas.
          (E) Programs of linkage or outreach with the news media,
        business, professional, or trade associations.
          (F) Summer institutes in area studies, foreign language, and
        other international fields designed to carry out the programs
        described in subparagraphs (A), (B), (D), and (E).
    (b) Fellowships for foreign language and area or international
      studies
      (1) In general
        The Secretary is authorized to make grants to institutions of
      higher education or combinations of such institutions for the
      purpose of paying stipends to individuals undergoing advanced
      training in any center or program approved by the Secretary.
      (2) Eligible students
        A student receiving a stipend described in paragraph (1) shall
      be engaged - 
          (A) in an instructional program with stated performance goals
        for functional foreign language use or in a program developing
        such performance goals, in combination with area studies,
        international studies, or the international aspects of a
        professional studies program; and
          (B)(i) in the case of an undergraduate student, in the
        intermediate or advanced study of a less commonly taught
        language; or
          (ii) in the case of a graduate student, in graduate study in
        connection with a program described in subparagraph (A),
        including - 
            (I) predissertation level study;
            (II) preparation for dissertation research;
            (III) dissertation research abroad; or
            (IV) dissertation writing.
    (c) Special rule with respect to travel
      No funds may be expended under this part for undergraduate travel
    except in accordance with rules prescribed by the Secretary setting
    forth policies and procedures to assure that Federal funds made
    available for such travel are expended as part of a formal program
    of supervised study.
    (d) Allowances
      (1) Graduate level recipients
        A stipend awarded to a graduate level recipient may include
      allowances for dependents and for travel for research and study
      in the United States and abroad.
      (2) Undergraduate level recipients
        A stipend awarded to an undergraduate level recipient may
      include an allowance for educational programs in the United
      States or educational programs abroad that - 
          (A) are closely linked to the overall goals of the
        recipient's course of study; and
          (B) have the purpose of promoting foreign language fluency
        and knowledge of foreign cultures.
    (e) Application
      Each institution of higher education or consortium of such
    institutions desiring a grant under this section shall submit an
    application to the Secretary at such time, in such manner, and
    accompanied by such information and assurances as the Secretary may
    require. Each such application shall include - 
        (1) an explanation of how the activities funded by the grant
      will reflect diverse perspectives and a wide range of views and
      generate debate on world regions and international affairs; and
        (2) a description of how the applicant will encourage
      government service in areas of national need, as identified by
      the Secretary, as well as in areas of need in the education,
      business, and nonprofit sectors.