20 U.S.C. § 1431 : US Code - Section 1431: Findings and policy

    (a) Findings
      Congress finds that there is an urgent and substantial need - 
        (1) to enhance the development of infants and toddlers with
      disabilities, to minimize their potential for developmental
      delay, and to recognize the significant brain development that
      occurs during a child's first 3 years of life;
        (2) to reduce the educational costs to our society, including
      our Nation's schools, by minimizing the need for special
      education and related services after infants and toddlers with
      disabilities reach school age;
        (3) to maximize the potential for individuals with disabilities
      to live independently in society;
        (4) to enhance the capacity of families to meet the special
      needs of their infants and toddlers with disabilities; and
        (5) to enhance the capacity of State and local agencies and
      service providers to identify, evaluate, and meet the needs of
      all children, particularly minority, low-income, inner city, and
      rural children, and infants and toddlers in foster care.
    (b) Policy
      It is the policy of the United States to provide financial
    assistance to States - 
        (1) to develop and implement a statewide, comprehensive,
      coordinated, multidisciplinary, interagency system that provides
      early intervention services for infants and toddlers with
      disabilities and their families;
        (2) to facilitate the coordination of payment for early
      intervention services from Federal, State, local, and private
      sources (including public and private insurance coverage);
        (3) to enhance State capacity to provide quality early
      intervention services and expand and improve existing early
      intervention services being provided to infants and toddlers with
      disabilities and their families; and
        (4) to encourage States to expand opportunities for children
      under 3 years of age who would be at risk of having substantial
      developmental delay if they did not receive early intervention