21 U.S.C. § 881 : US Code - Section 881: Forfeitures

    (a) Subject property
      The following shall be subject to forfeiture to the United States
    and no property right shall exist in them:
        (1) All controlled substances which have been manufactured,
      distributed, dispensed, or acquired in violation of this
      subchapter.
        (2) All raw materials, products, and equipment of any kind
      which are used, or intended for use, in manufacturing,
      compounding, processing, delivering, importing, or exporting any
      controlled substance or listed chemical in violation of this
      subchapter.
        (3) All property which is used, or intended for use, as a
      container for property described in paragraph (1), (2), or (9).
        (4) All conveyances, including aircraft, vehicles, or vessels,
      which are used, or are intended for use, to transport, or in any
      manner to facilitate the transportation, sale, receipt,
      possession, or concealment of property described in paragraph
      (1), (2), or (9).
        (5) All books, records, and research, including formulas,
      microfilm, tapes, and data which are used, or intended for use,
      in violation of this subchapter.
        (6) All moneys, negotiable instruments, securities, or other
      things of value furnished or intended to be furnished by any
      person in exchange for a controlled substance or listed chemical
      in violation of this subchapter, all proceeds traceable to such
      an exchange, and all moneys, negotiable instruments, and
      securities used or intended to be used to facilitate any
      violation of this subchapter.
        (7) All real property, including any right, title, and interest
      (including any leasehold interest) in the whole of any lot or
      tract of land and any appurtenances or improvements, which is
      used, or intended to be used, in any manner or part, to commit,
      or to facilitate the commission of, a violation of this
      subchapter punishable by more than one year's imprisonment.
        (8) All controlled substances which have been possessed in
      violation of this subchapter.
        (9) All listed chemicals, all drug manufacturing equipment, all
      tableting machines, all encapsulating machines, and all gelatin
      capsules, which have been imported, exported, manufactured,
      possessed, distributed, dispensed, acquired, or intended to be
      distributed, dispensed, acquired, imported, or exported, in
      violation of this subchapter or subchapter II of this chapter.
        (10) Any drug paraphernalia (as defined in section 863 of this
      title).
        (11) Any firearm (as defined in section 921 of title 18) used
      or intended to be used to facilitate the transportation, sale,
      receipt, possession, or concealment of property described in
      paragraph (1) or (2) and any proceeds traceable to such property.
    (b) Seizure procedures
      Any property subject to forfeiture to the United States under
    this section may be seized by the Attorney General in the manner
    set forth in section 981(b) of title 18.
    (c) Custody of Attorney General
      Property taken or detained under this section shall not be
    repleviable, but shall be deemed to be in the custody of the
    Attorney General, subject only to the orders and decrees of the
    court or the official having jurisdiction thereof. Whenever
    property is seized under any of the provisions of this subchapter,
    the Attorney General may - 
        (1) place the property under seal;
        (2) remove the property to a place designated by him; or
        (3) require that the General Services Administration take
      custody of the property and remove it, if practicable, to an
      appropriate location for disposition in accordance with law.
    (d) Other laws and proceedings applicable
      The provisions of law relating to the seizure, summary and
    judicial forfeiture, and condemnation of property for violation of
    the customs laws; the disposition of such property or the proceeds
    from the sale thereof; the remission or mitigation of such
    forfeitures; and the compromise of claims shall apply to seizures
    and forfeitures incurred, or alleged to have been incurred, under
    any of the provisions of this subchapter, insofar as applicable and
    not inconsistent with the provisions hereof; except that such
    duties as are imposed upon the customs officer or any other person
    with respect to the seizure and forfeiture of property under the
    customs laws shall be performed with respect to seizures and
    forfeitures of property under this subchapter by such officers,
    agents, or other persons as may be authorized or designated for
    that purpose by the Attorney General, except to the extent that
    such duties arise from seizures and forfeitures effected by any
    customs officer.
    (e) Disposition of forfeited property
      (1) Whenever property is civilly or criminally forfeited under
    this subchapter the Attorney General may - 
        (A) retain the property for official use or, in the manner
      provided with respect to transfers under section 1616a of title
      19, transfer the property to any Federal agency or to any State
      or local law enforcement agency which participated directly in
      the seizure or forfeiture of the property;
        (B) except as provided in paragraph (4), sell, by public sale
      or any other commercially feasible means, any forfeited property
      which is not required to be destroyed by law and which is not
      harmful to the public;
        (C) require that the General Services Administration take
      custody of the property and dispose of it in accordance with law;
        (D) forward it to the Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs
      for disposition (including delivery for medical or scientific use
      to any Federal or State agency under regulations of the Attorney
      General); or
        (E) transfer the forfeited personal property or the proceeds of
      the sale of any forfeited personal or real property to any
      foreign country which participated directly or indirectly in the
      seizure or forfeiture of the property, if such a transfer - 
          (i) has been agreed to by the Secretary of State;
          (ii) is authorized in an international agreement between the
        United States and the foreign country; and
          (iii) is made to a country which, if applicable, has been
        certified under section 2291j(b) of title 22.

      (2)(A) The proceeds from any sale under subparagraph (B) of
    paragraph (1) and any moneys forfeited under this subchapter shall
    be used to pay - 
        (i) all property expenses of the proceedings for forfeiture and
      sale including expenses of seizure, maintenance of custody,
      advertising, and court costs; and
        (ii) awards of up to $100,000 to any individual who provides
      original information which leads to the arrest and conviction of
      a person who kills or kidnaps a Federal drug law enforcement
      agent.

    Any award paid for information concerning the killing or kidnapping
    of a Federal drug law enforcement agent, as provided in clause
    (ii), shall be paid at the discretion of the Attorney General.
      (B) The Attorney General shall forward to the Treasurer of the
    United States for deposit in accordance with section 524(c) of
    title 28, any amounts of such moneys and proceeds remaining after
    payment of the expenses provided in subparagraph (A), except that,
    with respect to forfeitures conducted by the Postal Service, the
    Postal Service shall deposit in the Postal Service Fund, under
    section 2003(b)(7) of title 39, such moneys and proceeds.
      (3) The Attorney General shall assure that any property
    transferred to a State or local law enforcement agency under
    paragraph (1)(A) - 
        (A) has a value that bears a reasonable relationship to the
      degree of direct participation of the State or local agency in
      the law enforcement effort resulting in the forfeiture, taking
      into account the total value of all property forfeited and the
      total law enforcement effort with respect to the violation of law
      on which the forfeiture is based; and
        (B) will serve to encourage further cooperation between the
      recipient State or local agency and Federal law enforcement
      agencies.

      (4)(A) With respect to real property described in subparagraph
    (B), if the chief executive officer of the State involved submits
    to the Attorney General a request for purposes of such
    subparagraph, the authority established in such subparagraph is in
    lieu of the authority established in paragraph (1)(B).
      (B) In the case of property described in paragraph (1)(B) that is
    civilly or criminally forfeited under this subchapter, if the
    property is real property that is appropriate for use as a public
    area reserved for recreational or historic purposes or for the
    preservation of natural conditions, the Attorney General, upon the
    request of the chief executive officer of the State in which the
    property is located, may transfer title to the property to the
    State, either without charge or for a nominal charge, through a
    legal instrument providing that - 
        (i) such use will be the principal use of the property; and
        (ii) title to the property reverts to the United States in the
      event that the property is used otherwise.
    (f) Forfeiture and destruction of schedule I and II substances
      (1) All controlled substances in schedule I or II that are
    possessed, transferred, sold, or offered for sale in violation of
    the provisions of this subchapter; all dangerous, toxic, or
    hazardous raw materials or products subject to forfeiture under
    subsection (a)(2) of this section; and any equipment or container
    subject to forfeiture under subsection (a)(2) or (3) of this
    section which cannot be separated safely from such raw materials or
    products shall be deemed contraband and seized and summarily
    forfeited to the United States. Similarly, all substances in
    schedule I or II, which are seized or come into the possession of
    the United States, the owners of which are unknown, shall be deemed
    contraband and summarily forfeited to the United States.
      (2) The Attorney General may direct the destruction of all
    controlled substances in schedule I or II seized for violation of
    this subchapter; all dangerous, toxic, or hazardous raw materials
    or products subject to forfeiture under subsection (a)(2) of this
    section; and any equipment or container subject to forfeiture under
    subsection (a)(2) or (3) of this section which cannot be separated
    safely from such raw materials or products under such circumstances
    as the Attorney General may deem necessary.
    (g) Plants
      (1) All species of plants from which controlled substances in
    schedules I and II may be derived which have been planted or
    cultivated in violation of this subchapter, or of which the owners
    or cultivators are unknown, or which are wild growths, may be
    seized and summarily forfeited to the United States.
      (2) The failure, upon demand by the Attorney General or his duly
    authorized agent, of the person in occupancy or in control of land
    or premises upon which such species of plants are growing or being
    stored, to produce an appropriate registration, or proof that he is
    the holder thereof, shall constitute authority for the seizure and
    forfeiture.
      (3) The Attorney General, or his duly authorized agent, shall
    have authority to enter upon any lands, or into any dwelling
    pursuant to a search warrant, to cut, harvest, carry off, or
    destroy such plants.
    (h) Vesting of title in United States
      All right, title, and interest in property described in
    subsection (a) of this section shall vest in the United States upon
    commission of the act giving rise to forfeiture under this section.
    (i) Stay of civil forfeiture proceedings
      The provisions of section 981(g) of title 18 regarding the stay
    of a civil forfeiture proceeding shall apply to forfeitures under
    this section.
    (j) Venue
      In addition to the venue provided for in section 1395 of title 28
    or any other provision of law, in the case of property of a
    defendant charged with a violation that is the basis for forfeiture
    of the property under this section, a proceeding for forfeiture
    under this section may be brought in the judicial district in which
    the defendant owning such property is found or in the judicial
    district in which the criminal prosecution is brought.
    (l) (!1) Agreement between Attorney General and Postal Service for
      performance of functions

      The functions of the Attorney General under this section shall be
    carried out by the Postal Service pursuant to such agreement as may
    be entered into between the Attorney General and the Postal
    Service.