28 U.S.C. § 331 : US Code - Section 331: Judicial Conference of the United States

      The Chief Justice of the United States shall summon annually the
    chief judge of each judicial circuit, the chief judge of the Court
    of International Trade, and a district judge from each judicial
    circuit to a conference at such time and place in the United States
    as he may designate. He shall preside at such conference which
    shall be known as the Judicial Conference of the United States.
    Special sessions of the Conference may be called by the Chief
    Justice at such times and places as he may designate.
      The district judge to be summoned from each judicial circuit
    shall be chosen by the circuit and district judges of the circuit
    and shall serve as a member of the Judicial Conference of the
    United States for a term of not less than 3 successive years nor
    more than 5 successive years, as established by majority vote of
    all circuit and district judges of the circuit. A district judge
    serving as a member of the Judicial Conference may be either a
    judge in regular active service or a judge retired from regular
    active service under section 371(b) of this title.
      If the chief judge of any circuit, the chief judge of the Court
    of International Trade, or the district judge chosen by the judges
    of the circuit is unable to attend, the Chief Justice may summon
    any other circuit or district judge from such circuit or any other
    judge of the Court of International Trade, as the case may be.
    Every judge summoned shall attend and, unless excused by the Chief
    Justice, shall remain throughout the sessions of the conference and
    advise as to the needs of his circuit or court and as to any
    matters in respect of which the administration of justice in the
    courts of the United States may be improved.
      The Conference shall make a comprehensive survey of the condition
    of business in the courts of the United States and prepare plans
    for assignment of judges to or from circuits or districts where
    necessary. It shall also submit suggestions and recommendations to
    the various courts to promote uniformity of management procedures
    and the expeditious conduct of court business. The Conference is
    authorized to exercise the authority provided in chapter 16 of this
    title as the Conference, or through a standing committee. If the
    Conference elects to establish a standing committee, it shall be
    appointed by the Chief Justice and all petitions for review shall
    be reviewed by that committee. The Conference or the standing
    committee may hold hearings, take sworn testimony, issue subpoenas
    and subpoenas duces tecum, and make necessary and appropriate
    orders in the exercise of its authority. Subpoenas and subpoenas
    duces tecum shall be issued by the clerk of the Supreme Court or by
    the clerk of any court of appeals, at the direction of the Chief
    Justice or his designee and under the seal of the court, and shall
    be served in the manner provided in rule 45(c) of the Federal Rules
    of Civil Procedure for subpoenas and subpoenas duces tecum issued
    on behalf of the United States or an officer or any agency thereof.
    The Conference may also prescribe and modify rules for the exercise
    of the authority provided in chapter 16 of this title. All judicial
    officers and employees of the United States shall promptly carry
    into effect all orders of the Judicial Conference or the standing
    committee established pursuant to this section.
      The Conference shall also carry on a continuous study of the
    operation and effect of the general rules of practice and procedure
    now or hereafter in use as prescribed by the Supreme Court for the
    other courts of the United States pursuant to law. Such changes in
    and additions to those rules as the Conference may deem desirable
    to promote simplicity in procedure, fairness in administration, the
    just determination of litigation, and the elimination of
    unjustifiable expense and delay shall be recommended by the
    Conference from time to time to the Supreme Court for its
    consideration and adoption, modification or rejection, in
    accordance with law.
      The Judicial Conference shall review rules prescribed under
    section 2071 of this title by the courts, other than the Supreme
    Court and the district courts, for consistency with Federal law.
    The Judicial Conference may modify or abrogate any such rule so
    reviewed found inconsistent in the course of such a review.
      The Attorney General shall, upon request of the Chief Justice,
    report to such Conference on matters relating to the business of
    the several courts of the United States, with particular reference
    to cases to which the United States is a party.
      The Chief Justice shall submit to Congress an annual report of
    the proceedings of the Judicial Conference and its recommendations
    for legislation.
      The Judicial Conference shall consult with the Director of (!1)
    United States Marshals Service on a continuing basis regarding the
    security requirements for the judicial branch of the United States
    Government, to ensure that the views of the Judicial Conference
    regarding the security requirements for the judicial branch of the
    Federal Government are taken into account when determining staffing
    levels, setting priorities for programs regarding judicial
    security, and allocating judicial security resources. In this
    paragraph, the term "judicial security" includes the security of
    buildings housing the judiciary, the personal security of judicial
    officers, the assessment of threats made to judicial officers, and
    the protection of all other judicial personnel. The United States
    Marshals Service retains final authority regarding security
    requirements for the judicial branch of the Federal Government.