28 U.S.C. § 2244 : US Code - Section 2244: Finality of determination

Search 28 U.S.C. § 2244 : US Code - Section 2244: Finality of determination

      (a) No circuit or district judge shall be required to entertain
    an application for a writ of habeas corpus to inquire into the
    detention of a person pursuant to a judgment of a court of the
    United States if it appears that the legality of such detention has
    been determined by a judge or court of the United States on a prior
    application for a writ of habeas corpus, except as provided in
    section 2255.
      (b)(1) A claim presented in a second or successive habeas corpus
    application under section 2254 that was presented in a prior
    application shall be dismissed.
      (2) A claim presented in a second or successive habeas corpus
    application under section 2254 that was not presented in a prior
    application shall be dismissed unless - 
        (A) the applicant shows that the claim relies on a new rule of
      constitutional law, made retroactive to cases on collateral
      review by the Supreme Court, that was previously unavailable; or
        (B)(i) the factual predicate for the claim could not have been
      discovered previously through the exercise of due diligence; and
        (ii) the facts underlying the claim, if proven and viewed in
      light of the evidence as a whole, would be sufficient to
      establish by clear and convincing evidence that, but for
      constitutional error, no reasonable factfinder would have found
      the applicant guilty of the underlying offense.

      (3)(A) Before a second or successive application permitted by
    this section is filed in the district court, the applicant shall
    move in the appropriate court of appeals for an order authorizing
    the district court to consider the application.
      (B) A motion in the court of appeals for an order authorizing the
    district court to consider a second or successive application shall
    be determined by a three-judge panel of the court of appeals.
      (C) The court of appeals may authorize the filing of a second or
    successive application only if it determines that the application
    makes a prima facie showing that the application satisfies the
    requirements of this subsection.
      (D) The court of appeals shall grant or deny the authorization to
    file a second or successive application not later than 30 days
    after the filing of the motion.
      (E) The grant or denial of an authorization by a court of appeals
    to file a second or successive application shall not be appealable
    and shall not be the subject of a petition for rehearing or for a
    writ of certiorari.
      (4) A district court shall dismiss any claim presented in a
    second or successive application that the court of appeals has
    authorized to be filed unless the applicant shows that the claim
    satisfies the requirements of this section.
      (c) In a habeas corpus proceeding brought in behalf of a person
    in custody pursuant to the judgment of a State court, a prior
    judgment of the Supreme Court of the United States on an appeal or
    review by a writ of certiorari at the instance of the prisoner of
    the decision of such State court, shall be conclusive as to all
    issues of fact or law with respect to an asserted denial of a
    Federal right which constitutes ground for discharge in a habeas
    corpus proceeding, actually adjudicated by the Supreme Court
    therein, unless the applicant for the writ of habeas corpus shall
    plead and the court shall find the existence of a material and
    controlling fact which did not appear in the record of the
    proceeding in the Supreme Court and the court shall further find
    that the applicant for the writ of habeas corpus could not have
    caused such fact to appear in such record by the exercise of
    reasonable diligence.
      (d)(1) A 1-year period of limitation shall apply to an
    application for a writ of habeas corpus by a person in custody
    pursuant to the judgment of a State court. The limitation period
    shall run from the latest of - 
        (A) the date on which the judgment became final by the
      conclusion of direct review or the expiration of the time for
      seeking such review;
        (B) the date on which the impediment to filing an application
      created by State action in violation of the Constitution or laws
      of the United States is removed, if the applicant was prevented
      from filing by such State action;
        (C) the date on which the constitutional right asserted was
      initially recognized by the Supreme Court, if the right has been
      newly recognized by the Supreme Court and made retroactively
      applicable to cases on collateral review; or
        (D) the date on which the factual predicate of the claim or
      claims presented could have been discovered through the exercise
      of due diligence.

      (2) The time during which a properly filed application for State
    post-conviction or other collateral review with respect to the
    pertinent judgment or claim is pending shall not be counted toward
    any period of limitation under this subsection.