33 U.S.C. § 1251 : US Code - Section 1251: Congressional declaration of goals and policy

Search 33 U.S.C. § 1251 : US Code - Section 1251: Congressional declaration of goals and policy

    (a) Restoration and maintenance of chemical, physical and
      biological integrity of Nation's waters; national goals for
      achievement of objective
      The objective of this chapter is to restore and maintain the
    chemical, physical, and biological integrity of the Nation's
    waters. In order to achieve this objective it is hereby declared
    that, consistent with the provisions of this chapter - 
        (1) it is the national goal that the discharge of pollutants
      into the navigable waters be eliminated by 1985;
        (2) it is the national goal that wherever attainable, an
      interim goal of water quality which provides for the protection
      and propagation of fish, shellfish, and wildlife and provides for
      recreation in and on the water be achieved by July 1, 1983;
        (3) it is the national policy that the discharge of toxic
      pollutants in toxic amounts be prohibited;
        (4) it is the national policy that Federal financial assistance
      be provided to construct publicly owned waste treatment works;
        (5) it is the national policy that areawide waste treatment
      management planning processes be developed and implemented to
      assure adequate control of sources of pollutants in each State;
        (6) it is the national policy that a major research and
      demonstration effort be made to develop technology necessary to
      eliminate the discharge of pollutants into the navigable waters,
      waters of the contiguous zone, and the oceans; and
        (7) it is the national policy that programs for the control of
      nonpoint sources of pollution be developed and implemented in an
      expeditious manner so as to enable the goals of this chapter to
      be met through the control of both point and nonpoint sources of
      pollution.
    (b) Congressional recognition, preservation, and protection of
      primary responsibilities and rights of States
      It is the policy of the Congress to recognize, preserve, and
    protect the primary responsibilities and rights of States to
    prevent, reduce, and eliminate pollution, to plan the development
    and use (including restoration, preservation, and enhancement) of
    land and water resources, and to consult with the Administrator in
    the exercise of his authority under this chapter. It is the policy
    of Congress that the States manage the construction grant program
    under this chapter and implement the permit programs under sections
    1342 and 1344 of this title. It is further the policy of the
    Congress to support and aid research relating to the prevention,
    reduction, and elimination of pollution and to provide Federal
    technical services and financial aid to State and interstate
    agencies and municipalities in connection with the prevention,
    reduction, and elimination of pollution.
    (c) Congressional policy toward Presidential activities with
      foreign countries
      It is further the policy of Congress that the President, acting
    through the Secretary of State and such national and international
    organizations as he determines appropriate, shall take such action
    as may be necessary to insure that to the fullest extent possible
    all foreign countries shall take meaningful action for the
    prevention, reduction, and elimination of pollution in their waters
    and in international waters and for the achievement of goals
    regarding the elimination of discharge of pollutants and the
    improvement of water quality to at least the same extent as the
    United States does under its laws.
    (d) Administrator of Environmental Protection Agency to administer
      chapter
      Except as otherwise expressly provided in this chapter, the
    Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency (hereinafter
    in this chapter called "Administrator") shall administer this
    chapter.
    (e) Public participation in development, revision, and enforcement
      of any regulation, etc.
      Public participation in the development, revision, and
    enforcement of any regulation, standard, effluent limitation, plan,
    or program established by the Administrator or any State under this
    chapter shall be provided for, encouraged, and assisted by the
    Administrator and the States. The Administrator, in cooperation
    with the States, shall develop and publish regulations specifying
    minimum guidelines for public participation in such processes.
    (f) Procedures utilized for implementing chapter
      It is the national policy that to the maximum extent possible the
    procedures utilized for implementing this chapter shall encourage
    the drastic minimization of paperwork and interagency decision
    procedures, and the best use of available manpower and funds, so as
    to prevent needless duplication and unnecessary delays at all
    levels of government.
    (g) Authority of States over water
      It is the policy of Congress that the authority of each State to
    allocate quantities of water within its jurisdiction shall not be
    superseded, abrogated or otherwise impaired by this chapter. It is
    the further policy of Congress that nothing in this chapter shall
    be construed to supersede or abrogate rights to quantities of water
    which have been established by any State. Federal agencies shall co-
    operate with State and local agencies to develop comprehensive
    solutions to prevent, reduce and eliminate pollution in concert
    with programs for managing water resources.