38 U.S.C. § 1151 : US Code - Section 1151: Benefits for persons disabled by treatment or vocational rehabilitation

      (a) Compensation under this chapter and dependency and indemnity
    compensation under chapter 13 of this title shall be awarded for a
    qualifying additional disability or a qualifying death of a veteran
    in the same manner as if such additional disability or death were
    service-connected. For purposes of this section, a disability or
    death is a qualifying additional disability or qualifying death if
    the disability or death was not the result of the veteran's willful
    misconduct and - 
        (1) the disability or death was caused by hospital care,
      medical or surgical treatment, or examination furnished the
      veteran under any law administered by the Secretary, either by a
      Department employee or in a Department facility as defined in
      section 1701(3)(A) of this title, and the proximate cause of the
      disability or death was - 
          (A) carelessness, negligence, lack of proper skill, error in
        judgment, or similar instance of fault on the part of the
        Department in furnishing the hospital care, medical or surgical
        treatment, or examination; or
          (B) an event not reasonably foreseeable; or

        (2) the disability or death was proximately caused (A) by the
      provision of training and rehabilitation services by the
      Secretary (including by a service-provider used by the Secretary
      for such purpose under section 3115 of this title) as part of an
      approved rehabilitation program under chapter 31 of this title,
      or (B) by participation in a program (known as a "compensated
      work therapy program") under section 1718 of this title.

      (b)(1) Where an individual is, on or after December 1, 1962,
    awarded a judgment against the United States in a civil action
    brought pursuant to section 1346(b) of title 28 or, on or after
    December 1, 1962, enters into a settlement or compromise under
    section 2672 or 2677 of title 28 by reason of a disability or death
    treated pursuant to this section as if it were service-connected,
    then (except as otherwise provided in paragraph (2)) no benefits
    shall be paid to such individual for any month beginning after the
    date such judgment, settlement, or compromise on account of such
    disability or death becomes final until the aggregate amount of
    benefits which would be paid but for this subsection equals the
    total amount included in such judgment, settlement, or compromise.
      (2) In the case of a judgment, settlement, or compromise covered
    by paragraph (1) that becomes final on or after the date of the
    enactment of this paragraph and that includes an amount that is
    specifically designated for a purpose for which benefits are
    provided under chapter 21 or 39 of this title (hereinafter in this
    paragraph referred to as the "offset amount"), if such judgment,
    settlement, or compromise becomes final before the date of the
    award of benefits under chapter 21 or 39 for the purpose for which
    the offset amount was specifically designated - 
        (A) the amount of such award shall be reduced by the offset
      amount; and
        (B) if the offset amount is greater than the amount of such
      award, the excess amount received pursuant to the judgment,
      settlement or compromise, shall be offset against benefits
      otherwise payable under this chapter.

      (c) A qualifying additional disability under this section shall
    be treated in the same manner as if it were a service-connected
    disability for purposes of the following provisions of this title:
        (1) Chapter 21, relating to specially adapted housing.
        (2) Chapter 39, relating to automobiles and adaptive equipment.