42 U.S.C. § 10801 : US Code - Section 10801: Congressional findings and statement of purpose

Search 42 U.S.C. § 10801 : US Code - Section 10801: Congressional findings and statement of purpose

      (a) The Congress finds that - 
        (1) individuals with mental illness are vulnerable to abuse and
      serious injury;
        (2) family members of individuals with mental illness play a
      crucial role in being advocates for the rights of individuals
      with mental illness where the individuals are minors, the
      individuals are legally competent and choose to involve the
      family members, and the individuals are legally incompetent and
      the legal guardians, conservators, or other legal representatives
      are members of the family;
        (3) individuals with mental illness are subject to neglect,
      including lack of treatment, adequate nutrition, clothing, health
      care, and adequate discharge planning; and
        (4) State systems for monitoring compliance with respect to the
      rights of individuals with mental illness vary widely and are
      frequently inadequate.

      (b) The purposes of this chapter are - 
        (1) to ensure that the rights of individuals with mental
      illness are protected; and
        (2) to assist States to establish and operate a protection and
      advocacy system for individuals with mental illness which will - 
          (A) protect and advocate the rights of such individuals
        through activities to ensure the enforcement of the
        Constitution and Federal and State statutes; and
          (B) investigate incidents of abuse and neglect of individuals
        with mental illness if the incidents are reported to the system
        or if there is probable cause to believe that the incidents
        occurred.