42 U.S.C. § 11601 : US Code - Section 11601: Findings and declarations

    (a) Findings
      The Congress makes the following findings:
        (1) The international abduction or wrongful retention of
      children is harmful to their well-being.
        (2) Persons should not be permitted to obtain custody of
      children by virtue of their wrongful removal or retention.
        (3) International abductions and retentions of children are
      increasing, and only concerted cooperation pursuant to an
      international agreement can effectively combat this problem.
        (4) The Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child
      Abduction, done at The Hague on October 25, 1980, establishes
      legal rights and procedures for the prompt return of children who
      have been wrongfully removed or retained, as well as for securing
      the exercise of visitation rights. Children who are wrongfully
      removed or retained within the meaning of the Convention are to
      be promptly returned unless one of the narrow exceptions set
      forth in the Convention applies. The Convention provides a sound
      treaty framework to help resolve the problem of international
      abduction and retention of children and will deter such wrongful
      removals and retentions.
    (b) Declarations
      The Congress makes the following declarations:
        (1) It is the purpose of this chapter to establish procedures
      for the implementation of the Convention in the United States.
        (2) The provisions of this chapter are in addition to and not
      in lieu of the provisions of the Convention.
        (3) In enacting this chapter the Congress recognizes - 
          (A) the international character of the Convention; and
          (B) the need for uniform international interpretation of the
        Convention.

        (4) The Convention and this chapter empower courts in the
      United States to determine only rights under the Convention and
      not the merits of any underlying child custody claims.