42 U.S.C. § 1973gg-6 : US Code - Section 1973GG-6: Requirements with respect to administration of voter registration

    (a) In general
      In the administration of voter registration for elections for
    Federal office, each State shall - 
        (1) ensure that any eligible applicant is registered to vote in
      an election - 
          (A) in the case of registration with a motor vehicle
        application under section 1973gg-3 of this title, if the valid
        voter registration form of the applicant is submitted to the
        appropriate State motor vehicle authority not later than the
        lesser of 30 days, or the period provided by State law, before
        the date of the election;
          (B) in the case of registration by mail under section 1973gg-
        4 of this title, if the valid voter registration form of the
        applicant is postmarked not later than the lesser of 30 days,
        or the period provided by State law, before the date of the
        election;
          (C) in the case of registration at a voter registration
        agency, if the valid voter registration form of the applicant
        is accepted at the voter registration agency not later than the
        lesser of 30 days, or the period provided by State law, before
        the date of the election; and
          (D) in any other case, if the valid voter registration form
        of the applicant is received by the appropriate State election
        official not later than the lesser of 30 days, or the period
        provided by State law, before the date of the election;

        (2) require the appropriate State election official to send
      notice to each applicant of the disposition of the application;
        (3) provide that the name of a registrant may not be removed
      from the official list of eligible voters except - 
          (A) at the request of the registrant;
          (B) as provided by State law, by reason of criminal
        conviction or mental incapacity; or
          (C) as provided under paragraph (4);

        (4) conduct a general program that makes a reasonable effort to
      remove the names of ineligible voters from the official lists of
      eligible voters by reason of - 
          (A) the death of the registrant; or
          (B) a change in the residence of the registrant, in
        accordance with subsections (b), (c), and (d) of this section;

        (5) inform applicants under sections 1973gg-3, 1973gg-4, and
      1973gg-5 of this title of - 
          (A) voter eligibility requirements; and
          (B) penalties provided by law for submission of a false voter
        registration application; and

        (6) ensure that the identity of the voter registration agency
      through which any particular voter is registered is not disclosed
      to the public.
    (b) Confirmation of voter registration
      Any State program or activity to protect the integrity of the
    electoral process by ensuring the maintenance of an accurate and
    current voter registration roll for elections for Federal office - 
        (1) shall be uniform, nondiscriminatory, and in compliance with
      the Voting Rights Act of 1965 (42 U.S.C. 1973 et seq.); and
        (2) shall not result in the removal of the name of any person
      from the official list of voters registered to vote in an
      election for Federal office by reason of the person's failure to
      vote, except that nothing in this paragraph may be construed to
      prohibit a State from using the procedures described in
      subsections (c) and (d) of this section to remove an individual
      from the official list of eligible voters if the individual - 
          (A) has not either notified the applicable registrar (in
        person or in writing) or responded during the period described
        in subparagraph (B) to the notice sent by the applicable
        registrar; and then
          (B) has not voted or appeared to vote in 2 or more
        consecutive general elections for Federal office.
    (c) Voter removal programs
      (1) A State may meet the requirement of subsection (a)(4) of this
    section by establishing a program under which - 
        (A) change-of-address information supplied by the Postal
      Service through its licensees is used to identify registrants
      whose addresses may have changed; and
        (B) if it appears from information provided by the Postal
      Service that - 
          (i) a registrant has moved to a different residence address
        in the same registrar's jurisdiction in which the registrant is
        currently registered, the registrar changes the registration
        records to show the new address and sends the registrant a
        notice of the change by forwardable mail and a postage prepaid
        pre-addressed return form by which the registrant may verify or
        correct the address information; or
          (ii) the registrant has moved to a different residence
        address not in the same registrar's jurisdiction, the registrar
        uses the notice procedure described in subsection (d)(2) of
        this section to confirm the change of address.

      (2)(A) A State shall complete, not later than 90 days prior to
    the date of a primary or general election for Federal office, any
    program the purpose of which is to systematically remove the names
    of ineligible voters from the official lists of eligible voters.
      (B) Subparagraph (A) shall not be construed to preclude - 
        (i) the removal of names from official lists of voters on a
      basis described in paragraph (3)(A) or (B) or (4)(A) of
      subsection (a) of this section; or
        (ii) correction of registration records pursuant to this
      subchapter.
    (d) Removal of names from voting rolls
      (1) A State shall not remove the name of a registrant from the
    official list of eligible voters in elections for Federal office on
    the ground that the registrant has changed residence unless the
    registrant - 
        (A) confirms in writing that the registrant has changed
      residence to a place outside the registrar's jurisdiction in
      which the registrant is registered; or
        (B)(i) has failed to respond to a notice described in paragraph
      (2); and
        (ii) has not voted or appeared to vote (and, if necessary,
      correct the registrar's record of the registrant's address) in an
      election during the period beginning on the date of the notice
      and ending on the day after the date of the second general
      election for Federal office that occurs after the date of the
      notice.

      (2) A notice is described in this paragraph if it is a postage
    prepaid and pre-addressed return card, sent by forwardable mail, on
    which the registrant may state his or her current address, together
    with a notice to the following effect:
        (A) If the registrant did not change his or her residence, or
      changed residence but remained in the registrar's jurisdiction,
      the registrant should return the card not later than the time
      provided for mail registration under subsection (a)(1)(B) of this
      section. If the card is not returned, affirmation or confirmation
      of the registrant's address may be required before the registrant
      is permitted to vote in a Federal election during the period
      beginning on the date of the notice and ending on the day after
      the date of the second general election for Federal office that
      occurs after the date of the notice, and if the registrant does
      not vote in an election during that period the registrant's name
      will be removed from the list of eligible voters.
        (B) If the registrant has changed residence to a place outside
      the registrar's jurisdiction in which the registrant is
      registered, information concerning how the registrant can
      continue to be eligible to vote.

      (3) A voting registrar shall correct an official list of eligible
    voters in elections for Federal office in accordance with change of
    residence information obtained in conformance with this subsection.
    (e) Procedure for voting following failure to return card
      (1) A registrant who has moved from an address in the area
    covered by a polling place to an address in the same area shall,
    notwithstanding failure to notify the registrar of the change of
    address prior to the date of an election, be permitted to vote at
    that polling place upon oral or written affirmation by the
    registrant of the change of address before an election official at
    that polling place.
      (2)(A) A registrant who has moved from an address in the area
    covered by one polling place to an address in an area covered by a
    second polling place within the same registrar's jurisdiction and
    the same congressional district and who has failed to notify the
    registrar of the change of address prior to the date of an
    election, at the option of the registrant - 
        (i) shall be permitted to correct the voting records and vote
      at the registrant's former polling place, upon oral or written
      affirmation by the registrant of the new address before an
      election official at that polling place; or
        (ii)(I) shall be permitted to correct the voting records and
      vote at a central location within the same registrar's
      jurisdiction designated by the registrar where a list of eligible
      voters is maintained, upon written affirmation by the registrant
      of the new address on a standard form provided by the registrar
      at the central location; or
        (II) shall be permitted to correct the voting records for
      purposes of voting in future elections at the appropriate polling
      place for the current address and, if permitted by State law,
      shall be permitted to vote in the present election, upon
      confirmation by the registrant of the new address by such means
      as are required by law.

      (B) If State law permits the registrant to vote in the current
    election upon oral or written affirmation by the registrant of the
    new address at a polling place described in subparagraph (A)(i) or
    (A)(ii)(II), voting at the other locations described in
    subparagraph (A) need not be provided as options.
      (3) If the registration records indicate that a registrant has
    moved from an address in the area covered by a polling place, the
    registrant shall, upon oral or written affirmation by the
    registrant before an election official at that polling place that
    the registrant continues to reside at the address previously made
    known to the registrar, be permitted to vote at that polling place.
    (f) Change of voting address within a jurisdiction
      In the case of a change of address, for voting purposes, of a
    registrant to another address within the same registrar's
    jurisdiction, the registrar shall correct the voting registration
    list accordingly, and the registrant's name may not be removed from
    the official list of eligible voters by reason of such a change of
    address except as provided in subsection (d) of this section.
    (g) Conviction in Federal court
      (1) On the conviction of a person of a felony in a district court
    of the United States, the United States attorney shall give written
    notice of the conviction to the chief State election official
    designated under section 1973gg-8 of this title of the State of the
    person's residence.
      (2) A notice given pursuant to paragraph (1) shall include - 
        (A) the name of the offender;
        (B) the offender's age and residence address;
        (C) the date of entry of the judgment;
        (D) a description of the offenses of which the offender was
      convicted; and
        (E) the sentence imposed by the court.

      (3) On request of the chief State election official of a State or
    other State official with responsibility for determining the effect
    that a conviction may have on an offender's qualification to vote,
    the United States attorney shall provide such additional
    information as the United States attorney may have concerning the
    offender and the offense of which the offender was convicted.
      (4) If a conviction of which notice was given pursuant to
    paragraph (1) is overturned, the United States attorney shall give
    the official to whom the notice was given written notice of the
    vacation of the judgment.
      (5) The chief State election official shall notify the voter
    registration officials of the local jurisdiction in which an
    offender resides of the information received under this subsection.
    (h) Omitted
    (i) Public disclosure of voter registration activities
      (1) Each State shall maintain for at least 2 years and shall make
    available for public inspection and, where available, photocopying
    at a reasonable cost, all records concerning the implementation of
    programs and activities conducted for the purpose of ensuring the
    accuracy and currency of official lists of eligible voters, except
    to the extent that such records relate to a declination to register
    to vote or to the identity of a voter registration agency through
    which any particular voter is registered.
      (2) The records maintained pursuant to paragraph (1) shall
    include lists of the names and addresses of all persons to whom
    notices described in subsection (d)(2) of this section are sent,
    and information concerning whether or not each such person has
    responded to the notice as of the date that inspection of the
    records is made.
    (j) "Registrar's jurisdiction" defined
      For the purposes of this section, the term "registrar's
    jurisdiction" means - 
        (1) an incorporated city, town, borough, or other form of
      municipality;
        (2) if voter registration is maintained by a county, parish, or
      other unit of government that governs a larger geographic area
      than a municipality, the geographic area governed by that unit of
      government; or
        (3) if voter registration is maintained on a consolidated basis
      for more than one municipality or other unit of government by an
      office that performs all of the functions of a voting registrar,
      the geographic area of the consolidated municipalities or other
      geographic units.