42 U.S.C. § 2000cc : US Code - Section 2000CC: Protection of land use as religious exercise

Search 42 U.S.C. § 2000cc : US Code - Section 2000CC: Protection of land use as religious exercise

    (a) Substantial burdens
      (1) General rule
        No government shall impose or implement a land use regulation
      in a manner that imposes a substantial burden on the religious
      exercise of a person, including a religious assembly or
      institution, unless the government demonstrates that imposition
      of the burden on that person, assembly, or institution - 
          (A) is in furtherance of a compelling governmental interest;
        and
          (B) is the least restrictive means of furthering that
        compelling governmental interest.
      (2) Scope of application
        This subsection applies in any case in which - 
          (A) the substantial burden is imposed in a program or
        activity that receives Federal financial assistance, even if
        the burden results from a rule of general applicability;
          (B) the substantial burden affects, or removal of that
        substantial burden would affect, commerce with foreign nations,
        among the several States, or with Indian tribes, even if the
        burden results from a rule of general applicability; or
          (C) the substantial burden is imposed in the implementation
        of a land use regulation or system of land use regulations,
        under which a government makes, or has in place formal or
        informal procedures or practices that permit the government to
        make, individualized assessments of the proposed uses for the
        property involved.
    (b) Discrimination and exclusion
      (1) Equal terms
        No government shall impose or implement a land use regulation
      in a manner that treats a religious assembly or institution on
      less than equal terms with a nonreligious assembly or
      institution.
      (2) Nondiscrimination
        No government shall impose or implement a land use regulation
      that discriminates against any assembly or institution on the
      basis of religion or religious denomination.
      (3) Exclusions and limits
        No government shall impose or implement a land use regulation
      that - 
          (A) totally excludes religious assemblies from a
        jurisdiction; or
          (B) unreasonably limits religious assemblies, institutions,
        or structures within a jurisdiction.