42 U.S.C. § 653 : US Code - Section 653: Federal Parent Locator Service

    (a) Establishment; purpose
      (1) The Secretary shall establish and conduct a Federal Parent
    Locator Service, under the direction of the designee of the
    Secretary referred to in section 652(a) of this title, which shall
    be used for the purposes specified in paragraphs (2) and (3).
      (2) For the purpose of establishing parentage or establishing,
    setting the amount of, modifying, or enforcing child support
    obligations, the Federal Parent Locator Service shall obtain and
    transmit to any authorized person specified in subsection (c) of
    this section - 
        (A) information on, or facilitating the discovery of, the
      location of any individual - 
          (i) who is under an obligation to pay child support;
          (ii) against whom such an obligation is sought;
          (iii) to whom such an obligation is owed; or
          (iv) who has or may have parental rights with respect to a
        child,

      including the individual's social security number (or numbers),
      most recent address, and the name, address, and employer
      identification number of the individual's employer;
        (B) information on the individual's wages (or other income)
      from, and benefits of, employment (including rights to or
      enrollment in group health care coverage); and
        (C) information on the type, status, location, and amount of
      any assets of, or debts owed by or to, any such individual.

      (3) For the purpose of enforcing any Federal or State law with
    respect to the unlawful taking or restraint of a child, or making
    or enforcing a child custody or visitation determination, as
    defined in section 663(d)(1) of this title, the Federal Parent
    Locator Service shall be used to obtain and transmit the
    information specified in section 663(c) of this title to the
    authorized persons specified in section 663(d)(2) of this title.
    (b) Disclosure of information to authorized persons
      (1) Upon request, filed in accordance with subsection (d) of this
    section, of any authorized person, as defined in subsection (c) of
    this section for the information described in subsection (a)(2) of
    this section, or of any authorized person, as defined in section
    663(d)(2) of this title for the information described in section
    663(c) of this title, the Secretary shall, notwithstanding any
    other provision of law, provide through the Federal Parent Locator
    Service such information to such person, if such information - 
        (A) is contained in any files or records maintained by the
      Secretary or by the Department of Health and Human Services; or
        (B) is not contained in such files or records, but can be
      obtained by the Secretary, under the authority conferred by
      subsection (e) of this section, from any other department,
      agency, or instrumentality of the United States or of any State,

    and is not prohibited from disclosure under paragraph (2).
      (2) No information shall be disclosed to any person if the
    disclosure of such information would contravene the national policy
    or security interests of the United States or the confidentiality
    of census data. The Secretary shall give priority to requests made
    by any authorized person described in subsection (c)(1) of this
    section. No information shall be disclosed to any person if the
    State has notified the Secretary that the State has reasonable
    evidence of domestic violence or child abuse and the disclosure of
    such information could be harmful to the custodial parent or the
    child of such parent, provided that - 
        (A) in response to a request from an authorized person (as
      defined in subsection (c) of this section and section 663(d)(2)
      of this title), the Secretary shall advise the authorized person
      that the Secretary has been notified that there is reasonable
      evidence of domestic violence or child abuse and that information
      can only be disclosed to a court or an agent of a court pursuant
      to subparagraph (B); and
        (B) information may be disclosed to a court or an agent of a
      court described in subsection (c)(2) of this section or section
      663(d)(2)(B) of this title, if - 
          (i) upon receipt of information from the Secretary, the court
        determines whether disclosure to any other person of that
        information could be harmful to the parent or the child; and
          (ii) if the court determines that disclosure of such
        information to any other person could be harmful, the court and
        its agents shall not make any such disclosure.

        (3) Information received or transmitted pursuant to this
      section shall be subject to the safeguard provisions contained in
      section 654(26) of this title.
    (c) "Authorized person" defined
      As used in subsection (a) of this section, the term "authorized
    person" means - 
        (1) any agent or attorney of any State having in effect a plan
      approved under this part, who has the duty or authority under
      such plans to seek to recover any amounts owed as child and
      spousal support (including, when authorized under the State plan,
      any official of a political subdivision);
        (2) the court which has authority to issue an order or to serve
      as the initiating court in an action to seek an order against a
      noncustodial parent for the support and maintenance of a child,
      or any agent of such court;
        (3) the resident parent, legal guardian, attorney, or agent of
      a child (other than a child receiving assistance under a State
      program funded under part A of this subchapter) (as determined by
      regulations prescribed by the Secretary) without regard to the
      existence of a court order against a noncustodial parent who has
      a duty to support and maintain any such child; and
        (4) a State agency that is administering a program operated
      under a State plan under subpart 1 of part B of this subchapter,
      or a State plan approved under subpart 2 of part B of this
      subchapter or under part E of this subchapter.
    (d) Form and manner of request for information
      A request for information under this section shall be filed in
    such manner and form as the Secretary shall by regulation prescribe
    and shall be accompanied or supported by such documents as the
    Secretary may determine to be necessary.
    (e) Compliance with request; search of files and records by head of
      any department, etc., of United States; transmittal of
      information to Secretary; reimbursement for cost of search; fees
      (1) Whenever the Secretary receives a request submitted under
    subsection (b) of this section which he is reasonably satisfied
    meets the criteria established by subsections (a), (b), and (c) of
    this section, he shall promptly undertake to provide the
    information requested from the files and records maintained by any
    of the departments, agencies, or instrumentalities of the United
    States or of any State.
      (2) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, whenever the
    individual who is the head of any department, agency, or
    instrumentality of the United States receives a request from the
    Secretary for information authorized to be provided by the
    Secretary under this section, such individual shall promptly cause
    a search to be made of the files and records maintained by such
    department, agency, or instrumentality with a view to determining
    whether the information requested is contained in any such files or
    records. If such search discloses the information requested, such
    individual shall immediately transmit such information to the
    Secretary, except that if any information is obtained the
    disclosure of which would contravene national policy or security
    interests of the United States or the confidentiality of census
    data, such information shall not be transmitted and such individual
    shall immediately notify the Secretary. If such search fails to
    disclose the information requested, such individual shall
    immediately so notify the Secretary. The costs incurred by any such
    department, agency, or instrumentality of the United States or of
    any State in providing such information to the Secretary shall be
    reimbursed by him in an amount which the Secretary determines to be
    reasonable payment for the information exchange (which amount shall
    not include payment for the costs of obtaining, compiling, or
    maintaining the information). Whenever such services are furnished
    to an individual specified in subsection (c)(3) of this section, a
    fee shall be charged such individual. The fee so charged shall be
    used to reimburse the Secretary or his delegate for the expense of
    providing such services.
      (3) The Secretary of Labor shall enter into an agreement with the
    Secretary to provide prompt access for the Secretary (in accordance
    with this subsection) to the wage and unemployment compensation
    claims information and data maintained by or for the Department of
    Labor or State employment security agencies.
    (f) Arrangements and cooperation with State agencies
      The Secretary, in carrying out his duties and functions under
    this section, shall enter into arrangements with State agencies
    administering State plans approved under this part for such State
    agencies to accept from resident parents, legal guardians, or
    agents of a child described in subsection (c)(3) of this section
    and to transmit to the Secretary requests for information with
    regard to the whereabouts of noncustodial parents and otherwise to
    cooperate with the Secretary in carrying out the purposes of this
    section.
    (g) Reimbursement for reports by State agencies
      The Secretary may reimburse Federal and State agencies for the
    costs incurred by such entities in furnishing information requested
    by the Secretary under this section in an amount which the
    Secretary determines to be reasonable payment for the information
    exchange (which amount shall not include payment for the costs of
    obtaining, compiling, or maintaining the information).
    (h) Federal Case Registry of Child Support Orders
      (1) In general
        Not later than October 1, 1998, in order to assist States in
      administering programs under State plans approved under this part
      and programs funded under part A of this subchapter, and for the
      other purposes specified in this section, the Secretary shall
      establish and maintain in the Federal Parent Locator Service an
      automated registry (which shall be known as the "Federal Case
      Registry of Child Support Orders"), which shall contain abstracts
      of support orders and other information described in paragraph
      (2) with respect to each case and order in each State case
      registry maintained pursuant to section 654a(e) of this title, as
      furnished (and regularly updated), pursuant to section 654a(f) of
      this title, by State agencies administering programs under this
      part.
      (2) Case and order information
        The information referred to in paragraph (1) with respect to a
      case or an order shall be such information as the Secretary may
      specify in regulations (including the names, social security
      numbers or other uniform identification numbers, and State case
      identification numbers) to identify the individuals who owe or
      are owed support (or with respect to or on behalf of whom support
      obligations are sought to be established), and the State or
      States which have the case or order. Beginning not later than
      October 1, 1999, the information referred to in paragraph (1)
      shall include the names and social security numbers of the
      children of such individuals.
      (3) Administration of Federal tax laws
        The Secretary of the Treasury shall have access to the
      information described in paragraph (2) for the purpose of
      administering those sections of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986
      which grant tax benefits based on support or residence of
      children.
    (i) National Directory of New Hires
      (1) In general
        In order to assist States in administering programs under State
      plans approved under this part and programs funded under part A
      of this subchapter, and for the other purposes specified in this
      section, the Secretary shall, not later than October 1, 1997,
      establish and maintain in the Federal Parent Locator Service an
      automated directory to be known as the National Directory of New
      Hires, which shall contain the information supplied pursuant to
      section 653a(g)(2) of this title.
      (2) Data entry and deletion requirements
        (A) In general
          Information provided pursuant to section 653a(g)(2) of this
        title shall be entered into the data base maintained by the
        National Directory of New Hires within two business days after
        receipt, and shall be deleted from the data base 24 months
        after the date of entry.
        (B) 12-month limit on access to wage and unemployment
          compensation information
          The Secretary shall not have access for child support
        enforcement purposes to information in the National Directory
        of New Hires that is provided pursuant to section 653a(g)(2)(B)
        of this title, if 12 months has elapsed since the date the
        information is so provided and there has not been a match
        resulting from the use of such information in any information
        comparison under this subsection.
        (C) Retention of data for research purposes
          Notwithstanding subparagraphs (A) and (B), the Secretary may
        retain such samples of data entered in the National Directory
        of New Hires as the Secretary may find necessary to assist in
        carrying out subsection (j)(5) of this section.
      (3) Administration of Federal tax laws
        The Secretary of the Treasury shall have access to the
      information in the National Directory of New Hires for purposes
      of administering section 32 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986,
      or the advance payment of the earned income tax credit under
      section 3507 of such Code, and verifying a claim with respect to
      employment in a tax return.
      (4) List of multistate employers
        The Secretary shall maintain within the National Directory of
      New Hires a list of multistate employers that report information
      regarding newly hired employees pursuant to section 653a(b)(1)(B)
      of this title, and the State which each such employer has
      designated to receive such information.
    (j) Information comparisons and other disclosures
      (1) Verification by Social Security Administration
        (A) In general
          The Secretary shall transmit information on individuals and
        employers maintained under this section to the Social Security
        Administration to the extent necessary for verification in
        accordance with subparagraph (B).
        (B) Verification by SSA
          The Social Security Administration shall verify the accuracy
        of, correct, or supply to the extent possible, and report to
        the Secretary, the following information supplied by the
        Secretary pursuant to subparagraph (A):
            (i) The name, social security number, and birth date of
          each such individual.
            (ii) The employer identification number of each such
          employer.
      (2) Information comparisons
        For the purpose of locating individuals in a paternity
      establishment case or a case involving the establishment,
      modification, or enforcement of a support order, the Secretary
      shall - 
          (A) compare information in the National Directory of New
        Hires against information in the support case abstracts in the
        Federal Case Registry of Child Support Orders not less often
        than every 2 business days; and
          (B) within 2 business days after such a comparison reveals a
        match with respect to an individual, report the information to
        the State agency responsible for the case.
      (3) Information comparisons and disclosures of information in all
        registries for subchapter IV program purposes
        To the extent and with the frequency that the Secretary
      determines to be effective in assisting States to carry out their
      responsibilities under programs operated under this part, part B,
      or part E and programs funded under part A of this subchapter,
      the Secretary shall - 
          (A) compare the information in each component of the Federal
        Parent Locator Service maintained under this section against
        the information in each other such component (other than the
        comparison required by paragraph (2)), and report instances in
        which such a comparison reveals a match with respect to an
        individual to State agencies operating such programs; and
          (B) disclose information in such components to such State
        agencies.
      (4) Provision of new hire information to the Social Security
        Administration
        The National Directory of New Hires shall provide the
      Commissioner of Social Security with all information in the
      National Directory.
      (5) Research
        The Secretary may provide access to data in each component of
      the Federal Parent Locator Service maintained under this section
      and to information reported by employers pursuant to section
      653a(b) of this title for research purposes found by the
      Secretary to be likely to contribute to achieving the purposes of
      part A of this subchapter or this part, but without personal
      identifiers.
      (6) Information comparisons and disclosure for enforcement of
        obligations on Higher Education Act loans and grants
        (A) Furnishing of information by the Secretary of Education
          The Secretary of Education shall furnish to the Secretary, on
        a quarterly basis or at such less frequent intervals as may be
        determined by the Secretary of Education, information in the
        custody of the Secretary of Education for comparison with
        information in the National Directory of New Hires, in order to
        obtain the information in such directory with respect to
        individuals who - 
            (i) are borrowers of loans made under title IV of the
          Higher Education Act of 1965 [20 U.S.C. 1070 et seq., 42
          U.S.C. 2751 et seq.] that are in default; or
            (ii) owe an obligation to refund an overpayment of a grant
          awarded under such title.
        (B) Requirement to seek minimum information necessary
          The Secretary of Education shall seek information pursuant to
        this section only to the extent essential to improving
        collection of the debt described in subparagraph (A).
        (C) Duties of the Secretary
          (i) Information comparison; disclosure to the Secretary of
            Education
            The Secretary, in cooperation with the Secretary of
          Education, shall compare information in the National
          Directory of New Hires with information in the custody of the
          Secretary of Education, and disclose information in that
          Directory to the Secretary of Education, in accordance with
          this paragraph, for the purposes specified in this paragraph.
          (ii) Condition on disclosure
            The Secretary shall make disclosures in accordance with
          clause (i) only to the extent that the Secretary determines
          that such disclosures do not interfere with the effective
          operation of the program under this part. Support collection
          under section 666(b) of this title shall be given priority
          over collection of any defaulted student loan or grant
          overpayment against the same income.
        (D) Use of information by the Secretary of Education
          The Secretary of Education may use information resulting from
        a data match pursuant to this paragraph only - 
            (i) for the purpose of collection of the debt described in
          subparagraph (A) owed by an individual whose annualized wage
          level (determined by taking into consideration information
          from the National Directory of New Hires) exceeds $16,000;
          and
            (ii) after removal of personal identifiers, to conduct
          analyses of student loan defaults.
        (E) Disclosure of information by the Secretary of Education
          (i) Disclosures permitted
            The Secretary of Education may disclose information
          resulting from a data match pursuant to this paragraph only
          to - 
              (I) a guaranty agency holding a loan made under part B of
            title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965 [20 U.S.C.
            1071 et seq.] on which the individual is obligated;
              (II) a contractor or agent of the guaranty agency
            described in subclause (I);
              (III) a contractor or agent of the Secretary; and
              (IV) the Attorney General.
          (ii) Purpose of disclosure
            The Secretary of Education may make a disclosure under
          clause (i) only for the purpose of collection of the debts
          owed on defaulted student loans, or overpayments of grants,
          made under title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965 [20
          U.S.C. 1070 et seq., 42 U.S.C. 2751 et seq.].
          (iii) Restriction on redisclosure
            An entity to which information is disclosed under clause
          (i) may use or disclose such information only as needed for
          the purpose of collecting on defaulted student loans, or
          overpayments of grants, made under title IV of the Higher
          Education Act of 1965.
        (F) Reimbursement of HHS costs
          The Secretary of Education shall reimburse the Secretary, in
        accordance with subsection (k)(3) of this section, for the
        additional costs incurred by the Secretary in furnishing the
        information requested under this subparagraph.
      (7) Information comparisons for housing assistance programs
        (A) Furnishing of information by HUD
          Subject to subparagraph (G), the Secretary of Housing and
        Urban Development shall furnish to the Secretary, on such
        periodic basis as determined by the Secretary of Housing and
        Urban Development in consultation with the Secretary,
        information in the custody of the Secretary of Housing and
        Urban Development for comparison with information in the
        National Directory of New Hires, in order to obtain information
        in such Directory with respect to individuals who are
        participating in any program under - 
            (i) the United States Housing Act of 1937 (42 U.S.C. 1437
          et seq.);
            (ii) section 1701q of title 12;
            (iii) section 1715l(d)(3), 1715l(d)(5), or 1715z-1 of title
          12;
            (iv) section 8013 of this title; or
            (v) section 1701s of title 12.
        (B) Requirement to seek minimum information
          The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development shall seek
        information pursuant to this section only to the extent
        necessary to verify the employment and income of individuals
        described in subparagraph (A).
        (C) Duties of the Secretary
          (i) Information disclosure
            The Secretary, in cooperation with the Secretary of Housing
          and Urban Development, shall compare information in the
          National Directory of New Hires with information provided by
          the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development with respect
          to individuals described in subparagraph (A), and shall
          disclose information in such Directory regarding such
          individuals to the Secretary of Housing and Urban
          Development, in accordance with this paragraph, for the
          purposes specified in this paragraph.
          (ii) Condition on disclosure
            The Secretary shall make disclosures in accordance with
          clause (i) only to the extent that the Secretary determines
          that such disclosures do not interfere with the effective
          operation of the program under this part.
        (D) Use of information by HUD
          The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development may use
        information resulting from a data match pursuant to this
        paragraph only - 
            (i) for the purpose of verifying the employment and income
          of individuals described in subparagraph (A); and
            (ii) after removal of personal identifiers, to conduct
          analyses of the employment and income reporting of
          individuals described in subparagraph (A).
        (E) Disclosure of information by HUD
          (i) Purpose of disclosure
            The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development may make a
          disclosure under this subparagraph only for the purpose of
          verifying the employment and income of individuals described
          in subparagraph (A).
          (ii) Disclosures permitted
            Subject to clause (iii), the Secretary of Housing and Urban
          Development may disclose information resulting from a data
          match pursuant to this paragraph only to a public housing
          agency, the Inspector General of the Department of Housing
          and Urban Development, and the Attorney General in connection
          with the administration of a program described in
          subparagraph (A). Information obtained by the Secretary of
          Housing and Urban Development pursuant to this paragraph
          shall not be made available under section 552 of title 5.
          (iii) Conditions on disclosure
            Disclosures under this paragraph shall be - 
              (I) made in accordance with data security and control
            policies established by the Secretary of Housing and Urban
            Development and approved by the Secretary;
              (II) subject to audit in a manner satisfactory to the
            Secretary; and
              (III) subject to the sanctions under subsection (l)(2) of
            this section.
          (iv) Additional disclosures
            (I) Determination by Secretaries
              The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development and the
            Secretary shall determine whether to permit disclosure of
            information under this paragraph to persons or entities
            described in subclause (II), based on an evaluation made by
            the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development (in
            consultation with and approved by the Secretary), of the
            costs and benefits of disclosures made under clause (ii)
            and the adequacy of measures used to safeguard the security
            and confidentiality of information so disclosed.
            (II) Permitted persons or entities
              If the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development and the
            Secretary determine pursuant to subclause (I) that
            disclosures to additional persons or entities shall be
            permitted, information under this paragraph may be
            disclosed by the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
            to a private owner, a management agent, and a contract
            administrator in connection with the administration of a
            program described in subparagraph (A), subject to the
            conditions in clause (iii) and such additional conditions
            as agreed to by the Secretaries.
          (v) Restrictions on redisclosure
            A person or entity to which information is disclosed under
          this subparagraph may use or disclose such information only
          as needed for verifying the employment and income of
          individuals described in subparagraph (A), subject to the
          conditions in clause (iii) and such additional conditions as
          agreed to by the Secretaries.
        (F) Reimbursement of HHS costs
          The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development shall
        reimburse the Secretary, in accordance with subsection (k)(3)
        of this section, for the costs incurred by the Secretary in
        furnishing the information requested under this paragraph.
        (G) Consent
          The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development shall not
        seek, use, or disclose information under this paragraph
        relating to an individual without the prior written consent of
        such individual (or of a person legally authorized to consent
        on behalf of such individual).
      (8) Information comparisons and disclosure to assist in
        administration of unemployment compensation programs
        (A) In general
          If, for purposes of administering an unemployment
        compensation program under Federal or State law, a State agency
        responsible for the administration of such program transmits to
        the Secretary the names and social security account numbers of
        individuals, the Secretary shall disclose to such State agency
        information on such individuals and their employers maintained
        in the National Directory of New Hires, subject to this
        paragraph.
        (B) Condition on disclosure by the Secretary
          The Secretary shall make a disclosure under subparagraph (A)
        only to the extent that the Secretary determines that the
        disclosure would not interfere with the effective operation of
        the program under this part.
        (C) Use and disclosure of information by State agencies
          (i) In general
            A State agency may not use or disclose information provided
          under this paragraph except for purposes of administering a
          program referred to in subparagraph (A).
          (ii) Information security
            The State agency shall have in effect data security and
          control policies that the Secretary finds adequate to ensure
          the security of information obtained under this paragraph and
          to ensure that access to such information is restricted to
          authorized persons for purposes of authorized uses and
          disclosures.
          (iii) Penalty for misuse of information
            An officer or employee of the State agency who fails to
          comply with this subparagraph shall be subject to the
          sanctions under subsection (l)(2) of this section to the same
          extent as if such officer or employee was an officer or
          employee of the United States.
        (D) Procedural requirements
          State agencies requesting information under this paragraph
        shall adhere to uniform procedures established by the Secretary
        governing information requests and data matching under this
        paragraph.
        (E) Reimbursement of costs
          The State agency shall reimburse the Secretary, in accordance
        with subsection (k)(3) of this section, for the costs incurred
        by the Secretary in furnishing the information requested under
        this paragraph.
      (9) Information comparisons and disclosure to assist in Federal
        debt collection
        (A) Furnishing of information by the Secretary of the Treasury
          The Secretary of the Treasury shall furnish to the Secretary,
        on such periodic basis as determined by the Secretary of the
        Treasury in consultation with the Secretary, information in the
        custody of the Secretary of the Treasury for comparison with
        information in the National Directory of New Hires, in order to
        obtain information in such Directory with respect to persons - 
            (i) who owe delinquent nontax debt to the United States;
          and
            (ii) whose debt has been referred to the Secretary of the
          Treasury in accordance with section 3711(g) of title 31.
        (B) Requirement to seek minimum information
          The Secretary of the Treasury shall seek information pursuant
        to this section only to the extent necessary to improve
        collection of the debt described in subparagraph (A).
        (C) Duties of the Secretary
          (i) Information disclosure
            The Secretary, in cooperation with the Secretary of the
          Treasury, shall compare information in the National Directory
          of New Hires with information provided by the Secretary of
          the Treasury with respect to persons described in
          subparagraph (A) and shall disclose information in such
          Directory regarding such persons to the Secretary of the
          Treasury in accordance with this paragraph, for the purposes
          specified in this paragraph. Such comparison of information
          shall not be considered a matching program as defined in
          section 552a of title 5.
          (ii) Condition on disclosure
            The Secretary shall make disclosures in accordance with
          clause (i) only to the extent that the Secretary determines
          that such disclosures do not interfere with the effective
          operation of the program under this part. Support collection
          under section 666(b) of this title shall be given priority
          over collection of any delinquent Federal nontax debt against
          the same income.
        (D) Use of information by the Secretary of the Treasury
          The Secretary of the Treasury may use information provided
        under this paragraph only for purposes of collecting the debt
        described in subparagraph (A).
        (E) Disclosure of information by the Secretary of the Treasury
          (i) Purpose of disclosure
            The Secretary of the Treasury may make a disclosure under
          this subparagraph only for purposes of collecting the debt
          described in subparagraph (A).
          (ii) Disclosures permitted
            Subject to clauses (iii) and (iv), the Secretary of the
          Treasury may disclose information resulting from a data match
          pursuant to this paragraph only to the Attorney General in
          connection with collecting the debt described in subparagraph
          (A).
          (iii) Conditions on disclosure
            Disclosures under this subparagraph shall be - 
              (I) made in accordance with data security and control
            policies established by the Secretary of the Treasury and
            approved by the Secretary;
              (II) subject to audit in a manner satisfactory to the
            Secretary; and
              (III) subject to the sanctions under subsection (l)(2) of
            this section.
          (iv) Additional disclosures
            (I) Determination by Secretaries
              The Secretary of the Treasury and the Secretary shall
            determine whether to permit disclosure of information under
            this paragraph to persons or entities described in
            subclause (II), based on an evaluation made by the
            Secretary of the Treasury (in consultation with and
            approved by the Secretary), of the costs and benefits of
            such disclosures and the adequacy of measures used to
            safeguard the security and confidentiality of information
            so disclosed.
            (II) Permitted persons or entities
              If the Secretary of the Treasury and the Secretary
            determine pursuant to subclause (I) that disclosures to
            additional persons or entities shall be permitted,
            information under this paragraph may be disclosed by the
            Secretary of the Treasury, in connection with collecting
            the debt described in subparagraph (A), to a contractor or
            agent of either Secretary and to the Federal agency that
            referred such debt to the Secretary of the Treasury for
            collection, subject to the conditions in clause (iii) and
            such additional conditions as agreed to by the Secretaries.
          (v) Restrictions on redisclosure
            A person or entity to which information is disclosed under
          this subparagraph may use or disclose such information only
          as needed for collecting the debt described in subparagraph
          (A), subject to the conditions in clause (iii) and such
          additional conditions as agreed to by the Secretaries.
        (F) Reimbursement of HHS costs
          The Secretary of the Treasury shall reimburse the Secretary,
        in accordance with subsection (k)(3) of this section, for the
        costs incurred by the Secretary in furnishing the information
        requested under this paragraph. Any such costs paid by the
        Secretary of the Treasury shall be considered costs of
        implementing section 3711(g) of title 31 in accordance with
        section 3711(g)(6) of title 31 and may be paid from the account
        established pursuant to section 3711(g)(7) of title 31.
      (10) Information comparisons and disclosure to assist in
        administration of food stamp programs (!1)

        (A) In general
          If, for purposes of administering a supplemental nutrition
        assistance program under the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 [7
        U.S.C. 2011 et seq.], a State agency responsible for the
        administration of the program transmits to the Secretary the
        names and social security account numbers of individuals, the
        Secretary shall disclose to the State agency information on the
        individuals and their employers maintained in the National
        Directory of New Hires, subject to this paragraph.
        (B) Condition on disclosure by the Secretary
          The Secretary shall make a disclosure under subparagraph (A)
        only to the extent that the Secretary determines that the
        disclosure would not interfere with the effective operation of
        the program under this part.
        (C) Use and disclosure of information by State agencies
          (i) In general
            A State agency may not use or disclose information provided
          under this paragraph except for purposes of administering a
          program referred to in subparagraph (A).
          (ii) Information security
            The State agency shall have in effect data security and
          control policies that the Secretary finds adequate to ensure
          the security of information obtained under this paragraph and
          to ensure that access to such information is restricted to
          authorized persons for purposes of authorized uses and
          disclosures.
          (iii) Penalty for misuse of information
            An officer or employee of the State agency who fails to
          comply with this subparagraph shall be subject to the
          sanctions under subsection (l)(2) to the same extent as if
          the officer or employee were an officer or employee of the
          United States.
        (D) Procedural requirements
          State agencies requesting information under this paragraph
        shall adhere to uniform procedures established by the Secretary
        governing information requests and data matching under this
        paragraph.
        (E) Reimbursement of costs
          The State agency shall reimburse the Secretary, in accordance
        with subsection (k)(3), for the costs incurred by the Secretary
        in furnishing the information requested under this paragraph.
      (11) Information comparisons and disclosures to assist in
        administration of certain veterans benefits
        (A) Furnishing of information by Secretary of Veterans Affairs
          Subject to the provisions of this paragraph, the Secretary of
        Veterans Affairs shall furnish to the Secretary, on such
        periodic basis as determined by the Secretary of Veterans
        Affairs in consultation with the Secretary, information in the
        custody of the Secretary of Veterans Affairs for comparison
        with information in the National Directory of New Hires, in
        order to obtain information in such Directory with respect to
        individuals who are applying for or receiving - 
            (i) needs-based pension benefits provided under chapter 15
          of title 38 or under any other law administered by the
          Secretary of Veterans Affairs;
            (ii) parents' dependency and indemnity compensation
          provided under section 1315 of title 38;
            (iii) health care services furnished under subsections
          (a)(2)(G), (a)(3), or (b) of section 1710 of title 38; or
            (iv) compensation paid under chapter 11 of title 38 at the
          100 percent rate based solely on unemployability and without
          regard to the fact that the disability or disabilities are
          not rated as 100 percent disabling under the rating schedule.
        (B) Requirement to seek minimum information
          The Secretary of Veterans Affairs shall seek information
        pursuant to this paragraph only to the extent necessary to
        verify the employment and income of individuals described in
        subparagraph (A).
        (C) Duties of the Secretary
          (i) Information disclosure
            The Secretary, in cooperation with the Secretary of
          Veterans Affairs, shall compare information in the National
          Directory of New Hires with information provided by the
          Secretary of Veterans Affairs with respect to individuals
          described in subparagraph (A), and shall disclose information
          in such Directory regarding such individuals to the Secretary
          of Veterans Affairs, in accordance with this paragraph, for
          the purposes specified in this paragraph.
          (ii) Condition on disclosure
            The Secretary shall make disclosures in accordance with
          clause (i) only to the extent that the Secretary determines
          that such disclosures do not interfere with the effective
          operation of the program under this part.
        (D) Use of information by Secretary of Veterans Affairs
          The Secretary of Veterans Affairs may use information
        resulting from a data match pursuant to this paragraph only - 
            (i) for the purposes specified in subparagraph (B); and
            (ii) after removal of personal identifiers, to conduct
          analyses of the employment and income reporting of
          individuals described in subparagraph (A).
        (E) Reimbursement of HHS costs
          The Secretary of Veterans Affairs shall reimburse the
        Secretary, in accordance with subsection (k)(3), for the costs
        incurred by the Secretary in furnishing the information
        requested under this paragraph.
        (F) Consent
          The Secretary of Veterans Affairs shall not seek, use, or
        disclose information under this paragraph relating to an
        individual without the prior written consent of such individual
        (or of a person legally authorized to consent on behalf of such
        individual).
        (G) Expiration of authority
          The authority under this paragraph shall expire on November
        18, 2011.
    (k) Fees
      (1) For SSA verification
        The Secretary shall reimburse the Commissioner of Social
      Security, at a rate negotiated between the Secretary and the
      Commissioner, for the costs incurred by the Commissioner in
      performing the verification services described in subsection (j)
      of this section.
      (2) For information from State directories of new hires
        The Secretary shall reimburse costs incurred by State
      directories of new hires in furnishing information as required by
      section 653a(g)(2) of this title, at rates which the Secretary
      determines to be reasonable (which rates shall not include
      payment for the costs of obtaining, compiling, or maintaining
      such information).
      (3) For information furnished to State and Federal agencies
        A State or Federal agency that receives information from the
      Secretary pursuant to this section or section 652(l) (!2) of this
      title shall reimburse the Secretary for costs incurred by the
      Secretary in furnishing the information, at rates which the
      Secretary determines to be reasonable (which rates shall include
      payment for the costs of obtaining, verifying, maintaining, and
      comparing the information).

    (l) Restriction on disclosure and use
      (1) In general
        Information in the Federal Parent Locator Service, and
      information resulting from comparisons using such information,
      shall not be used or disclosed except as expressly provided in
      this section, subject to section 6103 of the Internal Revenue
      Code of 1986.
      (2) Penalty for misuse of information in the National Directory
        of New Hires
        The Secretary shall require the imposition of an administrative
      penalty (up to and including dismissal from employment), and a
      fine of $1,000, for each act of unauthorized access to,
      disclosure of, or use of, information in the National Directory
      of New Hires established under subsection (i) of this section by
      any officer or employee of the United States or any other person
      who knowingly and willfully violates this paragraph.
    (m) Information integrity and security
      The Secretary shall establish and implement safeguards with
    respect to the entities established under this section designed to -
     
        (1) ensure the accuracy and completeness of information in the
      Federal Parent Locator Service; and
        (2) restrict access to confidential information in the Federal
      Parent Locator Service to authorized persons, and restrict use of
      such information to authorized purposes.
    (n) Federal Government reporting
      Each department, agency, and instrumentality of the United States
    shall on a quarterly basis report to the Federal Parent Locator
    Service the name and social security number of each employee and
    the wages paid to the employee during the previous quarter, except
    that such a report shall not be filed with respect to an employee
    of a department, agency, or instrumentality performing intelligence
    or counterintelligence functions, if the head of such department,
    agency, or instrumentality has determined that filing such a report
    could endanger the safety of the employee or compromise an ongoing
    investigation or intelligence mission.
    (o) Use of set-aside funds
      Out of any money in the Treasury of the United States not
    otherwise appropriated, there is hereby appropriated to the
    Secretary for each fiscal year an amount equal to 2 percent of the
    total amount paid to the Federal Government pursuant to a plan
    approved under this part during the immediately preceding fiscal
    year (as determined on the basis of the most recent reliable data
    available to the Secretary as of the end of the third calendar
    quarter following the end of such preceding fiscal year) or the
    amount appropriated under this paragraph (!3) for fiscal year 2002,
    whichever is greater, which shall be available for use by the
    Secretary, either directly or through grants, contracts, or
    interagency agreements, for operation of the Federal Parent Locator
    Service under this section, to the extent such costs are not
    recovered through user fees. Amounts appropriated under this
    subsection shall remain available until expended.

    (p) "Support order" defined
      As used in this part, the term "support order" means a judgment,
    decree, or order, whether temporary, final, or subject to
    modification, issued by a court or an administrative agency of
    competent jurisdiction, for the support and maintenance of a child,
    including a child who has attained the age of majority under the
    law of the issuing State, or of the parent with whom the child is
    living, which provides for monetary support, health care,
    arrearages, or reimbursement, and which may include related costs
    and fees, interest and penalties, income withholding, attorneys'
    fees, and other relief.