44 U.S.C. § 3502 : US Code - Section 3502: Definitions

      As used in this subchapter - 
        (1) the term "agency" means any executive department, military
      department, Government corporation, Government controlled
      corporation, or other establishment in the executive branch of
      the Government (including the Executive Office of the President),
      or any independent regulatory agency, but does not include - 
          (A) the Government Accountability Office;
          (B) Federal Election Commission;
          (C) the governments of the District of Columbia and of the
        territories and possessions of the United States, and their
        various subdivisions; or
          (D) Government-owned contractor-operated facilities,
        including laboratories engaged in national defense research and
        production activities;

        (2) the term "burden" means time, effort, or financial
      resources expended by persons to generate, maintain, or provide
      information to or for a Federal agency, including the resources
      expended for - 
          (A) reviewing instructions;
          (B) acquiring, installing, and utilizing technology and
          (C) adjusting the existing ways to comply with any previously
        applicable instructions and requirements;
          (D) searching data sources;
          (E) completing and reviewing the collection of information;
          (F) transmitting, or otherwise disclosing the information;

        (3) the term "collection of information" - 
          (A) means the obtaining, causing to be obtained, soliciting,
        or requiring the disclosure to third parties or the public, of
        facts or opinions by or for an agency, regardless of form or
        format, calling for either - 
            (i) answers to identical questions posed to, or identical
          reporting or recordkeeping requirements imposed on, ten or
          more persons, other than agencies, instrumentalities, or
          employees of the United States; or
            (ii) answers to questions posed to agencies,
          instrumentalities, or employees of the United States which
          are to be used for general statistical purposes; and

          (B) shall not include a collection of information described
        under section 3518(c)(1);

        (4) the term "Director" means the Director of the Office of
      Management and Budget;
        (5) the term "independent regulatory agency" means the Board of
      Governors of the Federal Reserve System, the Commodity Futures
      Trading Commission, the Consumer Product Safety Commission, the
      Federal Communications Commission, the Federal Deposit Insurance
      Corporation, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, the
      Federal Housing Finance Agency, the Federal Maritime Commission,
      the Federal Trade Commission, the Interstate Commerce Commission,
      the Mine Enforcement Safety and Health Review Commission, the
      National Labor Relations Board, the Nuclear Regulatory
      Commission, the Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission,
      the Postal Regulatory Commission, the Securities and Exchange
      Commission, the Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection, the
      Office of Financial Research, Office of the Comptroller of the
      Currency, and any other similar agency designated by statute as a
      Federal independent regulatory agency or commission;
        (6) the term "information resources" means information and
      related resources, such as personnel, equipment, funds, and
      information technology;
        (7) the term "information resources management" means the
      process of managing information resources to accomplish agency
      missions and to improve agency performance, including through the
      reduction of information collection burdens on the public;
        (8) the term "information system" means a discrete set of
      information resources organized for the collection, processing,
      maintenance, use, sharing, dissemination, or disposition of
        (9) the term "information technology" has the meaning given
      that term in section 11101 of title 40 but does not include
      national security systems as defined in section 11103 of title
        (10) the term "person" means an individual, partnership,
      association, corporation, business trust, or legal
      representative, an organized group of individuals, a State,
      territorial, tribal, or local government or branch thereof, or a
      political subdivision of a State, territory, tribal, or local
      government or a branch of a political subdivision;
        (11) the term "practical utility" means the ability of an
      agency to use information, particularly the capability to process
      such information in a timely and useful fashion;
        (12) the term "public information" means any information,
      regardless of form or format, that an agency discloses,
      disseminates, or makes available to the public;
        (13) the term "recordkeeping requirement" means a requirement
      imposed by or for an agency on persons to maintain specified
      records, including a requirement to - 
          (A) retain such records;
          (B) notify third parties, the Federal Government, or the
        public of the existence of such records;
          (C) disclose such records to third parties, the Federal
        Government, or the public; or
          (D) report to third parties, the Federal Government, or the
        public regarding such records; and

        (14) the term "penalty" includes the imposition by an agency or
      court of a fine or other punishment; a judgment for monetary
      damages or equitable relief; or the revocation, suspension,
      reduction, or denial of a license, privilege, right, grant, or