(a) Criminal Liability for Falsifying or Withholding Information.
(1) General rule. - A person who violates section 1001 of title
18 with respect to the reporting requirements of section 30166,
with the specific intention of misleading the Secretary with
respect to motor vehicle or motor vehicle equipment safety
related defects that have caused death or serious bodily injury
to an individual (as defined in section 1365(g)(3) (!1) of title
18), shall be subject to criminal penalties of a fine under title
18, or imprisoned for not more than 15 years, or both.
(2) Safe harbor to encourage reporting and for whistle blowers.
(A) Correction. - A person described in paragraph (1) shall
not be subject to criminal penalties under this subsection if:
(1) at the time of the violation, such person does not know
that the violation would result in an accident causing death or
serious bodily injury; and (2) the person corrects any improper
reports or failure to report within a reasonable time.
(B) Reasonable time and sufficiency of correction. - The
Secretary shall establish by regulation what constitutes a
reasonable time for the purposes of subparagraph (A) and what
manner of correction is sufficient for purposes of subparagraph
(A). The Secretary shall issue a final rule under this
subparagraph within 90 days of the date of the enactment of
(C) Effective date. - Subsection (a) shall not take effect
before the final rule under subparagraph (B) takes effect.
(b) Coordination with Department of Justice. - The Attorney
General may bring an action, or initiate grand jury proceedings,
for a violation of subsection (a) only at the request of the
Secretary of Transportation.