5 U.S.C. § 553 : US Code - Section 553: Rule making

      (a) This section applies, according to the provisions thereof,
    except to the extent that there is involved - 
        (1) a military or foreign affairs function of the United
      States; or
        (2) a matter relating to agency management or personnel or to
      public property, loans, grants, benefits, or contracts.

      (b) General notice of proposed rule making shall be published in
    the Federal Register, unless persons subject thereto are named and
    either personally served or otherwise have actual notice thereof in
    accordance with law. The notice shall include - 
        (1) a statement of the time, place, and nature of public rule
      making proceedings;
        (2) reference to the legal authority under which the rule is
      proposed; and
        (3) either the terms or substance of the proposed rule or a
      description of the subjects and issues involved.

    Except when notice or hearing is required by statute, this
    subsection does not apply - 
        (A) to interpretative rules, general statements of policy, or
      rules of agency organization, procedure, or practice; or
        (B) when the agency for good cause finds (and incorporates the
      finding and a brief statement of reasons therefor in the rules
      issued) that notice and public procedure thereon are
      impracticable, unnecessary, or contrary to the public interest.

      (c) After notice required by this section, the agency shall give
    interested persons an opportunity to participate in the rule making
    through submission of written data, views, or arguments with or
    without opportunity for oral presentation. After consideration of
    the relevant matter presented, the agency shall incorporate in the
    rules adopted a concise general statement of their basis and
    purpose. When rules are required by statute to be made on the
    record after opportunity for an agency hearing, sections 556 and
    557 of this title apply instead of this subsection.
      (d) The required publication or service of a substantive rule
    shall be made not less than 30 days before its effective date,
    except - 
        (1) a substantive rule which grants or recognizes an exemption
      or relieves a restriction;
        (2) interpretative rules and statements of policy; or
        (3) as otherwise provided by the agency for good cause found
      and published with the rule.

      (e) Each agency shall give an interested person the right to
    petition for the issuance, amendment, or repeal of a rule.