7 U.S.C. § 2276 : US Code - Section 2276: Confidentiality of information

    (a) Authorized disclosure
      In the case of information furnished under a provision of law
    referred to in subsection (d) of this section, neither the
    Secretary of Agriculture, any other officer or employee of the
    Department of Agriculture or agency thereof, nor any other person
    may - 
        (1) use such information for a purpose other than the
      development or reporting of aggregate data in a manner such that
      the identity of the person who supplied such information is not
      discernible and is not material to the intended uses of such
      information;
        (2) disclose such information to the public, unless such
      information has been transformed into a statistical or aggregate
      form that does not allow the identification of the person who
      supplied particular information; or
        (3) in the case of information collected under the authority
      described in subsection (d)(12) of this section, disclose the
      information to any person or any Federal, State, local, or tribal
      agency outside the Department of Agriculture, unless the
      information has been converted into a statistical or aggregate
      form that does not allow the identification of the person that
      supplied particular information.
    (b) Duty of Secretary; immunity from disclosure; necessary consent
      (1) In carrying out a provision of law referred to in subsection
    (d) of this section, no department, agency, officer, or employee of
    the Federal Government, other than the Secretary of Agriculture,
    shall require a person to furnish a copy of statistical information
    provided to the Department of Agriculture.
      (2) A copy of such information - 
        (A) shall be immune from mandatory disclosure of any type,
      including legal process; and
        (B) shall not, without the consent of such person, be admitted
      as evidence or used for any purpose in any action, suit, or other
      judicial or administrative proceeding.
    (c) Violations; penalties
      Any person who shall publish, cause to be published, or otherwise
    publicly release information collected pursuant to a provision of
    law referred to in subsection (d) of this section, in any manner or
    for any purpose prohibited in section (!1) (a) of this section,
    shall be fined not more than $10,000 or imprisoned for not more
    than 1 year, or both.

    (d) Specific provisions for collection of information
      For purposes of this section, a provision of law referred to in
    this subsection means - 
        (1) the first section of the Act entitled "An Act authorizing
      the Secretary of Agriculture to collect and publish statistics of
      the grade and staple length of cotton", approved March 3, 1927 (7
      U.S.C. 471) (commonly referred to as the "Cotton Statistics and
      Estimates Act");
        (2) the first section of the Act entitled "An Act to provide
      for the collection and publication of statistics of tobacco by
      the Department of Agriculture", approved January 14, 1929 (7
      U.S.C. 501);
        (3) the first section of the Act entitled "An Act to provide
      for the collection and publication of statistics of peanuts by
      the Department of Agriculture", approved June 24, 1936 (7 U.S.C.
      951);
        (4) section 203(g) of the Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946 (7
      U.S.C. 1622(g));
        (5) section 526(a) of the Revised Statutes (7 U.S.C. 2204(a));
        (6) the Act entitled "An Act providing for the publication of
      statistics relating to spirits of turpentine and resin", approved
      August 15, 1935 (7 U.S.C. 2248);
        (7) section 42 of title 13;
        (8) section 4 of the Act entitled "An Act to establish the
      Department of Commerce and Labor", approved February 14, 1903 (15
      U.S.C. 1516);
        (9) section 2 of the joint resolution entitled "Joint
      resolution relating to the publication of economic and social
      statistics for Americans of Spanish origin or descent", approved
      June 16, 1976 (15 U.S.C. 1516a);
        (10) section 3(e) of the Forest and Rangeland Renewable
      Resources Research Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 1642(e));
        (11) section 2204g of this title; or
        (12) section 302 of the Rural Development Act of 1972 (7 U.S.C.
      1010a) regarding the authority to collect data for the National
      Resources Inventory.
    (e) Information provided to Secretary of Commerce
      This section shall not prohibit the release of information under
    section 2204g(f)(2) of this title.